Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 36, pp 27974–27984 | Cite as

Turning an environmental problem into an opportunity: potential use of biochar derived from a harmful marine biomass named Cladophora glomerata as anode electrode for Li-ion batteries

  • Pejman Salimi
  • Soheila JavadianEmail author
  • Omid Norouzi
  • Hussein Gharibi
Research Article


The electrochemical performance of lithium ion battery was enhanced by using biochar derived from Cladophora glomerata (C. glomerata) as widespread green macroalgae in most areas of the Iran’s Caspian sea coast. By the utilization of the structure of the biochar, micro-/macro-ordered porous carbon with olive-shaped structure was successfully achieved through pyrolysis at 500 °C, which is the optimal temperature for biofuel production, and was activated with HCl. The biochar and HCl treatment biochar (HTB) were applied as anode electrode in lithium ion batteries. Then, electrochemical measurements were conducted on the electrodes via galvanostatic charge–discharge, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses. The electrochemical results indicated a higher specific discharge capacity (700 mAh g−1) and good cycling stability for HTB at the current density of 0.1 A g−1 as compared to the biochar. The reason that HTB electrode works better than the biochar could be due to the higher surface area, formation functional groups, removal impurities, and formation some micropores after HCl treatment. The biochar derived from marine biomass and treatment process developed here could provide a promising path for the low-cost, renewable, and environmentally friendly electrode materials.

Graphical abstract

Algal-biochar into Li-ion Battery


Biochar Carbon HCl treatment Lithium-ion batteries Anode Environmentally friendly 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Ahmad Tavasoli, from University of Tehran, for providing the facilities to conduct the thermochemical tests. Also, the authors thank Arash Tahmasbi from the University of Science and Technology Liaoning and Amir Pourhosseini (Arbab) for their kind support and guidance for the better production of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pejman Salimi
    • 1
  • Soheila Javadian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Omid Norouzi
    • 2
  • Hussein Gharibi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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