Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 36, pp 27974–27984 | Cite as

Turning an environmental problem into an opportunity: potential use of biochar derived from a harmful marine biomass named Cladophora glomerata as anode electrode for Li-ion batteries

  • Pejman Salimi
  • Soheila Javadian
  • Omid Norouzi
  • Hussein Gharibi
Research Article

Abstract

The electrochemical performance of lithium ion battery was enhanced by using biochar derived from Cladophora glomerata (C. glomerata) as widespread green macroalgae in most areas of the Iran’s Caspian sea coast. By the utilization of the structure of the biochar, micro-/macro-ordered porous carbon with olive-shaped structure was successfully achieved through pyrolysis at 500 °C, which is the optimal temperature for biofuel production, and was activated with HCl. The biochar and HCl treatment biochar (HTB) were applied as anode electrode in lithium ion batteries. Then, electrochemical measurements were conducted on the electrodes via galvanostatic charge–discharge, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses. The electrochemical results indicated a higher specific discharge capacity (700 mAh g−1) and good cycling stability for HTB at the current density of 0.1 A g−1 as compared to the biochar. The reason that HTB electrode works better than the biochar could be due to the higher surface area, formation functional groups, removal impurities, and formation some micropores after HCl treatment. The biochar derived from marine biomass and treatment process developed here could provide a promising path for the low-cost, renewable, and environmentally friendly electrode materials.

Graphical abstract

Algal-biochar into Li-ion Battery

Keywords

Biochar Carbon HCl treatment Lithium-ion batteries Anode Environmentally friendly 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Ahmad Tavasoli, from University of Tehran, for providing the facilities to conduct the thermochemical tests. Also, the authors thank Arash Tahmasbi from the University of Science and Technology Liaoning and Amir Pourhosseini (Arbab) for their kind support and guidance for the better production of this paper.

References

  1. Chang C, Liu S, Wu J, Yang C (2007) Nano-tin oxide/tin particles on a graphite surface as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Society 111(44):16423–16427Google Scholar
  2. Deng J, Li M, Wang Y (2016) Biomass-derived carbon: synthesis and applications in energy storage and conversion. Green Chem 18:4824–4854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gu X, Wang Y, Lai C et al (2014) Microporous bamboo biochar for lithium-sulfur batteries. Nano Res 8:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gul H, Uysal M, Çetinkaya T et al (2014) Preparation of Sn-Co alloy electrode for lithium ion batteries by pulse electrodeposition. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:21414–21419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Guo C, Zhou L, Lv J (2013) Effects of expandable graphite and modified ammonium polyphosphate on the flame-retardant and mechanical properties of wood flour-polypropylene composites. Polym Polym Compos 21:449–456Google Scholar
  6. Guo J, Zhang J, Jiang F et al (2015) Microporous carbon nanosheets derived from corncobs for lithium–sulfur batteries. Electrochim Acta 176:853–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Han Y-J, Chung D, Nakabayashi K et al (2016) Effect of heat pre-treatment conditions on the electrochemical properties of mangrove wood-derived hard carbon as an effective anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 213:432–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hong K, Qie L, Zeng R et al (2014) Biomass derived hard carbon used as a high performance anode material for sodium ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:12733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hong JE, Oh RG, Ryu KS (2016) Electrochemical possibility of iron compounds in used disposable heating pads and their use in lithium ion batteries. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:14656–14662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hu ZJ, Cui Y, Liu S et al (2012) Optimization of ethylenediamine-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotubes for solid-phase extraction of lead cations. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19:1237–1244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huggins TM, Pietron JJ, Wang H et al (2015) Graphitic biochar as a cathode electrocatalyst support for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 195:147–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Javadian S, Kakemam J, Sadeghi A, Gharibi H (2016) Pulsed current electrodeposition parameters to control the Sn particle size to enhance electrochemical performance as anode material in lithium ion batteries. Surf Coat Technol 305:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jiang J, Zhang L, Wang X et al (2013) Highly ordered macroporous woody biochar with ultra-high carbon content as supercapacitor electrodes. Electrochim Acta 113:481–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiang J, Zhu JH, Ai W et al (2014) Evolution of disposable bamboo chopsticks into uniform carbon fibers: a smart strategy to fabricate sustainable anodes for Li-ion batteries. Energy Environ Sci 7:2670–2679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jin H, Wang X, Gu Z, Polin J (2013) Carbon materials from high ash biochar for supercapacitor and improvement of capacitance with HNO3 surface oxidation. J Power Sources 236:285–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jin H, Wang X, Shen Y, Gu Z (2014) A high-performance carbon derived from corn stover via microwave and slow pyrolysis for supercapacitors. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 110:18–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kalyani P, Anitha A (2013) Biomass carbon & its prospects in electrochemical energy systems. Int J Hydrog Energy 38:4034–4045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kovalenko I, Zdyrko B, Magasinski A et al (2011) A major constituent of brown algae for use in high-capacity Li-ion batteries. Science 334(80):75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li H, Pang J, Yin Y et al (2013) Application of a nonflammable electrolyte containing Pp13TFSI ionic liquid for lithium-ion batteries using the high capacity cathode material Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2. RSC Adv 3:13907–13914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lv W, Wen F, Xiang J et al (2015) Peanut shell derived hard carbon as ultralong cycling anodes for lithium and sodium batteries. Electrochim Acta 176:533–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meng X, Savage PE, Deng D (2015) Trash to treasure: from harmful algal blooms to high-performance electrodes for sodium-ion batteries. Environ Sci Technol 49:12543–12550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nanda S, Dalai AK, Gökalp I, Kozinski JA (2016) Valorization of horse manure through catalytic supercritical water gasification. Waste Manag 52:147–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Norouzi O, Jafarian S, Safari F et al (2016) Promotion of hydrogen-rich gas and phenolic-rich bio-oil production from green macroalgae Cladophora glomerata via pyrolysis over its bio-char. Bioresour Technol 219:643–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nowak AP, Lisowska-oleksiak A (2014) Red algae—an alternative source of carbon material for energy storage application. Int J Electrochem Sci 9:3715–3724Google Scholar
  25. Pan R, Cheung O, Wang Z et al (2016) Mesoporous Cladophora cellulose separators for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 321:185–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Plis A, Lasek J, Skawińska A, Zuwała J (2015) Thermochemical and kinetic analysis of the pyrolysis process in Cladophora glomerata algae. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 115:166–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Qu WH, Xu YY, Lu AH et al (2015) Converting biowaste corncob residue into high value added porous carbon for supercapacitor electrodes. Bioresour Technol 189:285–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Reiter J, Nádherná M, Dominko R (2012) Graphite and LiCo1/3Mn1/3Ni1/3O2 electrodes with piperidinium ionic liquid and lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide for Li-ion batteries. J Power Sources 205:402–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ren S, Lei H, Wang L et al (2014) Hydrocarbon and hydrogen-rich syngas production by biomass catalytic pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading over biochar catalysts. RSC Adv 4:10731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. de la Rosa JM, Paneque M, Miller AZ, Knicker H (2014) Relating physical and chemical properties of four different biochars and their application rate to biomass production of Lolium perenne on a Calcic Cambisol during a pot experiment of 79 days. Sci Total Environ 499:175–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ru H, Bai N, Xiang K et al (2016a) Porous carbons derived from microalgae with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 194:10–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ru H, Xiang K, Zhou W et al (2016b) Bean-dreg-derived carbon materials used as superior anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 222:551–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ryu D-J, Oh R-G, Seo Y-D et al (2015) Recovery and electrochemical performance in lithium secondary batteries of biochar derived from rice straw. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:10405–10412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Safari F, Norouzi O, Tavasoli A (2016) Hydrothermal gasification of Cladophora glomerata macroalgae over its hydrochar as a catalyst for hydrogen-rich gas production. Bioresour Technol 222:232–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tong Y, Mayer BK, McNamara P (2016) Triclosan adsorption using wastewater biosolids-derived biochar. Environ Sci Water Res Technol 2:761–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vassilev SV, Vassileva CG (2016) Composition, properties and challenges of algae biomass for biofuel application: an overview. Fuel 181:1–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang L, Mu G, Tian C et al (2013) Porous graphitic carbon nanosheets derived from cornstalk biomass for advanced supercapacitors. ChemSusChem 6:880–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang M, Lai Y, Fang J et al (2015) N-doped porous carbon derived from biomass as an advanced electrocatalyst for aqueous aluminium/air battery. Int J Hydrog Energy 40:16230–16237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang Y, Yu Y, Huang K et al (2016) Quantifying the environmental impact of a Li-rich high-capacity cathode material in electric vehicles via life cycle assessment. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(2):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7849-9 Google Scholar
  40. Wu XL, Chen LL, Xin S et al (2010) Preparation and Li storage properties of hierarchical porous carbon fibers derived from alginic acid. ChemSusChem 3:703–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wu H, Che X, Ding Z et al (2016) Release of soluble elements from biochars derived from various biomass feedstocks. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:1905–1915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yin CY, Aroua MK, Daud WMAW (2007) Review of modifications of activated carbon for enhancing contaminant uptakes from aqueous solutions. Sep Purif Technol 52:403–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yu W, Wang H, Liu S et al (2016) N, O-codoped hierarchical porous carbons derived from algae for high-capacity supercapacitors and battery anodes. J Mater Chem A 4:5973–5983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zequine C, Ranaweera CK, Wang Z et al (2016) High performance and flexible supercapacitors based on carbonized bamboo fibers for wide temperature applications. Sci Rep 6:31704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhang X, Yan P, Zhang R et al (2016a) Fabrication of graphene and core-shell activated porous carbon-coated carbon nanotube hybrids with excellent electrochemical performance for supercapacitors. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:6394–6402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang Y, Guo X, Yao Y et al (2016b) Mg-enriched engineered carbon from lithium-ion battery anode for phosphate removal. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:2905–2909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zheng C, Zhou X, Cao H et al (2014) Synthesis of porous graphene/activated carbon composite with high packing density and large specific surface area for supercapacitor electrode material. J Power Sources 258:290–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pejman Salimi
    • 1
  • Soheila Javadian
    • 1
  • Omid Norouzi
    • 2
  • Hussein Gharibi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran

Personalised recommendations