Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 30, pp 24002–24010 | Cite as

Effects of supplement with sanitary landfill leachate in gas exchange of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seedlings under drought stress

  • Francisco H. Nunes Junior
  • Valdineia S. Freitas
  • Rosilene O. Mesquita
  • Brennda B. Braga
  • Rifandreo M. Barbosa
  • Kaio Martins
  • Franklin A. Gondim
Research Article


Sanitary landfill leachate is one of the major problems arising from disposal of urban waste. Sanitary landfill leachate may, however, have use in agriculture. This study, therefore, aimed to analyze initial plant growth and gas exchange in sunflower seedlings supplemented with sanitary landfill leachate and subjected to drought stress through variables of root fresh mass (RFM), shoot fresh mass (SFM), total fresh mass (TFM), relative chlorophyll content (CL), stomatal conductance (g s ), transpiration rate (E), net photosynthetic rate (A), ratio of internal to external CO2 concentration (Ci/Ca),water use efficiency (EUA), instantaneous carboxylation efficiency (A/Ci), and electron transport rate (ETR). The experimental design was a completely randomized 2 (irrigated and non-irrigated) × 4 (sand, sand + 100 kg N ha−1 organic fertilizer, sand + 100 kg N ha−1 sanitary landfill leachate, and sand + 150 kg N ha−1 sanitary landfill leachate) factorial with five replicates. Under drought stress conditions, leachate treatment supplemented with 100 kg N ha−1 exhibited higher plant fresh weights than those of the treatment containing 150 kg N ha−1. Increases in fresh mass in plant treatments supplemented with 100 and 150 kg N ha−1 sanitary landfill leachate were related to higher photosynthetic rates.


Drought stress Gas exchange Growth analysis Helianthus annuus L. Photosynthesis Sanitary landfill leachate 



The authors thank the Embrapa Produtos e Mercados—Escritório Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, by providing the seeds used in the experiment, to Aterro Sanitário Metropolitano Oeste de Caucaia (ASMOC), Caucaia, Ceará, Brazil, for supplying the sanitary landfill leachate used in the study, and the for language corrections.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco H. Nunes Junior
    • 1
  • Valdineia S. Freitas
    • 1
  • Rosilene O. Mesquita
    • 2
  • Brennda B. Braga
    • 3
  • Rifandreo M. Barbosa
    • 3
  • Kaio Martins
    • 3
  • Franklin A. Gondim
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratório de Bioquímica e Fisiologia VegetalInstituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará (IFCE)JaguaribeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciências AgráriaUniversidade Federal do Ceará (UFC)FortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Bioquímica e Fisiologia VegetalInstituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará (IFCE)MaracanauBrazil

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