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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 30, pp 24019–24028 | Cite as

The effect of different organic materials amendment on soil bacteria communities in barren sandy loam soil

  • Hongcui Dai
  • Yuanquan Chen
  • Xiaolei Yang
  • Jixiao Cui
  • Peng Sui
Research Article

Abstract

To effectively improve soil productivity and optimize organic fertilizer management while reducing environmental pollution and resource wasting in farmland system, the present study was conducted in Wuqiao Experiment Station of China Agricultural University, Hebei Province. Taking crop straw treatment as control, four kinds of organic materials including pig manure (PM), biogas residue (BR), biochar (BC) and crop straw (ST) were applied to soil at the same nitrogen (N) level. The soil bacteria community characteristics were explored using Illumina Miseq high-throughput sequencing technologies. The results were as follows: (1) Compared with ST, PM, BR and BC had no significant effect on Chao 1 and Shannon index. The dominant bacterial groups include Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Chloroflexi in sandy loam soil after the application of different organic materials. The abundance of Proteobacteria in BC treatment was significantly lower than that of ST (control) treatment (p < 0.05). On the contrary, compared to ST, the abundances of Acidobacteria increased by 65.0, 40.7, and 58.7% in the BC, BR, and PM treatments, respectively. (2) Compared to ST, the BC treatment significantly (p < 0.05) increased in soil organic carbon (SOC) and pH in the arable layer (0–20 cm) in the farmland (p < 0.05), and significantly increased the soil pH with a value of 0.26 level (p < 0.05). (3) Pearson correlation analysis results showed that the PCoA1 scores and soil pH were closely correlated (R 2 = 0.3738, p < 0.05). In addition, pairwise regression between PCoA1 scores and SOC (R 2 = 0.5008, p < 0.05), PCoA2 scores and SOC (R 2 = 0.4053, p < 0.05) were both closely correlated. In general, our results indicated that organic materials amendment shaped the bacterial community in sandy loam soil through changing the soil pH and SOC.

Keywords

Pig manure Biogas residue Biochar Crop straw Bacteria community Soil pH SOC 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by the National Science and Technology Research Projects of China (2012BAD14B03) in the 12th 5-year plan period.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongcui Dai
    • 1
  • Yuanquan Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaolei Yang
    • 1
  • Jixiao Cui
    • 1
  • Peng Sui
    • 1
  1. 1.Circular Agriculture Research Center/College of Agronomy and BiotechnologyChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina

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