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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 23, pp 24081–24091 | Cite as

Transgenic glyphosate-resistant oilseed rape (Brassica napus) as an invasive weed in Argentina: detection, characterization, and control alternatives

  • Claudio E Pandolfo
  • Alejandro Presotto
  • Francisco Torres Carbonell
  • Soledad Ureta
  • Mónica Poverene
  • Miguel Cantamutto
Research Article

Abstract

The presence of glyphosate-resistant oilseed rape populations in Argentina was detected and characterized. The resistant plants were found as weeds in RR soybeans and other fields. The immunological and molecular analysis showed that the accessions presented the GT73 transgenic event. The origin of this event was uncertain, as the cultivation of transgenic oilseed rape cultivars is prohibited in Argentina. This finding might suggest that glyphosate resistance could come from unauthorized transgenic oilseed rape crops cultivated in the country or as seed contaminants in imported oilseed rape cultivars or other seed imports. Experimentation showed that there are alternative herbicides for controlling resistant Brassica napus populations in various situations and crops. AHAS-inhibiting herbicides (imazethapyr, chlorimuron and diclosulam), glufosinate, 2,4-D, fluroxypyr and saflufenacil proved to be very effective in controlling these plants. Herbicides evaluated in this research were employed by farmers in one of the fields invaded with this biotype and monitoring of this field showed no evidence of its presence in the following years.

Keywords

Brassica napus Transgene escape Glyphosate GMO Seed contaminants GT73 Invasiveness 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank BASF Argentina Co., in particular the assistance of Juan Pablo Migasso and Fabricio Mock. To Germana Bonavetti, Ignacio Vazquez and Verónica Pugliese; for letting us conduct our research in their fields and for providing historical records of crop rotations and herbicide applications. We also thank Noemí Fritz and the Cámara Arbitral de Cereales Bahía Blanca for the analysis of grain oil content and fatty acid composition. We gratefully acknowledge the National Research Council of Argentina (CONICET) for a fellowship to CEP. This research was supported by grant ANPCYT-PICT 2854.

Supplementary material

11356_2016_7670_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.9 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 1900 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio E Pandolfo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alejandro Presotto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Francisco Torres Carbonell
    • 1
  • Soledad Ureta
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mónica Poverene
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miguel Cantamutto
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de AgronomíaUniversidad Nacional del SurBahía BlancaArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  3. 3.Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Hilario AscasubiInstituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)Hilario AscasubiArgentina

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