Skip to main content
Log in

Investigation of ethyl lactate as a green solvent for desorption of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) from contaminated soil

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Treatment of oil-contaminated soil is a major environmental concern worldwide. The aim of this study is to examine the applicability of a green solvent, ethyl lactate (EL), in desorption of diesel aliphatic fraction within total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in contaminated soil and to determine the associated desorption kinetics. Batch desorption experiments were carried out on artificially contaminated soil at different EL solvent percentages (%). In analysing the diesel range of TPH, TPH was divided into three fractions and the effect of solvent extraction on each fraction was examined. The experimental results demonstrated that EL has a high and fast desorbing power. Pseudo-second order rate equation described the experimental desorption kinetics data well with correlation coefficient values, R 2, between 0.9219 and 0.9999. The effects of EL percentage, initial contamination level of soil and liquid to solid ratio (L/S (v/w)) on initial desorption rate have also been evaluated. The effective desorption performance of ethyl lactate shows its potential as a removal agent for remediation of TPH-contaminated soil worldwide.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Aparicio S, Alcalde R (2009) Insights into the ethyl lactate + water mixed solvent. J Phys Chem B 113:14257–14269

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Aparicio S, Halajian S, Alcalde R, Leal BGJM (2008) Liquid structure of ethyl lactate, pure and water mixed, as seen by dielectric spectroscopy, solvatochromic and thermophysical studies. J Phys Chem Lett 454:49–55

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Arias-Estévez M, Fernández-Gándara D, García-Falcón MS, García-Río L, Mejuto JC, Simal-Gándara J (2007) Sorption of PAHs to colloid dispersions of humic substances in water. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:251–254

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Azizian S (2004) Kinetic models of sorption: a theoretical analysis. J Colloid Interface Sci 276:47–52

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Barnier C, Ouvrard S, Robin C, Morel JL (2014) Desorption kinetics of PAHs from aged industrial soils for availability assessment. Sci Total Environ 470–471:639–645

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Birdwell J, Cook RL, Thibodeaux LJ (2007) Desorption kinetics of hydrophobic organic chemicals from sediment to water: a review of data and models. Environ Toxicol Chem 26(3):424–434

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Connaughton DF, Stedlnger JR, Llon LW, Shuler ML (1993) Description of time-varying desorption kinetics: release of naphthalene from contaminated soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 27:2397–2403

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cornelissen G, Van Noort PCM, Govers HAJ (1998) Mechanism of slow desorption of organic compounds from sediments: a study using model sorbents. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:3124–3131

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • García-Falcón MS, Pérez-Lamela M, Simal-Gándara J (2004) Comparison of strategies for extraction of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from drinking waters. J Agric Food Chem 52:6897–6903

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • García-Falcón MS, Soto-González B, Simal-Gándara J (2006) Evolution of the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in burnt woodland soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:759–763

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ghosh U, Talley JW, Luthy RG (2001) Particle-scale investigation of PAH desorption kinetics and thermodynamics from sediment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35:3468–3475

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gong Z, Alef K, Wilke BM, Li P (2005a) Dissolution and removal of PAHs from a contaminated soil using sunflower oil. Chemosphere 58:291–298

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gong Z, Wang X, Tu Y, Wud J, Sun Y, Li P (2010) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon removal from contaminated soils using fatty acid methyl esters. Chemosphere 79:138–143

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gong Z, Wilke B-M, Alef K, Li P (2005b) Influence of soil moisture on sunflower oil extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from a manufactured gas plant soil. Sci Total Environ 343:51–59

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gong Z, Alef K, Wilke B-M, Li P (2007) Activated carbon adsorption of PAHs from vegetable oil used in soil remediation. J Hazard Mater 1(43):372–378

  • Haddadi SH, Niri VH, Pawliszyn J (2009) Study of desorption kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from solid matrices using internally cooled coated fiber. Anal Chim Acta 652:224–230

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • He L, Song J, Peng P (2008) Characterization of extractable and non-extractable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils and sediments from the Pearl River Delta. China Environ Pollut 156:769–774

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • He Y, Xu J, Wang H, Zhang Q, Muhammad A (2006) Potential contributions of clay minerals and organic matter to pentachlorophenol retention in soils. Chemosphere 65:497–505

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Heath JS, Koblis K, Sager SL (1993) Review of chemical, physical, and toxicologic properties of components of total petroleum hydrocarbons. J S Contam 2(1):1–25

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ho Y-S (2006a) Second-order kinetic model for the sorption of cadmium onto tree fern: a comparison of linear and non-linear methods. Water Res 40:119–125

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ho Y-S (2006b) Review of second-order models for adsorption systems. J Hazard Mater B136:681–689

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson MD, Weber WJ Jr (2001) Rapid prediction of long-term rates of contaminant desorption from soils and sediments. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35:427–433

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Khodadoust AP, Bagchi R, Suidan MT, Brenner RC, Sellers NG (2000) Removal of PAHs from highly contaminated soils found at prior manufactured gas operations. J Hazard Mater B80:159–174

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Khodadoust AP, Suidan MT, Acheson CM, Brenner RC (1999) Solvent extraction of pentachlorohenol from contaminated soils using water-ethanol mixtures. Chemosphere 38(11):2681–2693

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kosaka J, Honda C, Izeki A (1961) Fractionation of humic acid by organic solvents. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 7(2):48–53

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee L.S., Zhai X., Lee J. (2006) Lab testing and field implementation of soil flushing. Dissertation, Purdue University

  • Li X, Dua Y, Wua G, Li Z, Li H, Sui H (2012) Solvent extraction for heavy crude oil removal from contaminated soils. Chemosphere 88:245–249

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Loehr RC, Lamar MR, Poppendieck DG (2003) A protocol to estimate the release of anthropogenic hydrocarbons from contaminated soils. Environ Toxicol Chem 22(9):2202–2208

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ncibi MC, Mahjoub B, Gourdon R (2007) Effects of aging on the extractability of naphthalene and phenanthrene from Mediterranean soils. J Hazard Mater 146:378–384

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Northcott G, Jones KC (2001) Partitioning, extractability, and formation of nonextractable PAH residues in soil. 1. Compound differences in aging and sequestration. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35:1103–1110

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ojinnaka C, Osuji L, Achugasim O (2012) Remediation of hydrocarbons in crude oil-contaminated soils using Fenton’s reagent. Environ Monit Assess 184:6527–6540

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pannu JK, Singh A, Ward OP (2004) Vegetable oil as a contaminated soil remediation amendment: application of peanut oil for extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from soil. Process Biochem 39:1211–1216

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Patiram B, Azad TNS, Ramesh T (2007) Soil testing and analysis: plant water and pesticide residues. New India Publishing Agency, New Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  • Pérez-Gregorio MR, García-Falcón MS, Martínez-Carballo E, Simal-Gándara J (2010) Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from organic solvents by ashes wastes. J Hazard Mater 178:273–281

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rauckyte T, Żak S, Pawlak Z, Oloyede A (2010) Determination of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile aromatic compounds in soil and sediment samples. J Environ Eng Landsc 18(3):163–169

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rey-Salgueiro L, García-Falcón MS, Martínez-Carballo E, González-Barreiro C, Simal-Gándara J (2008) The use of manures for detection and quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 3-hydroxybenzo[a] pyrene in animal husbandry. Sci Total Environ 406:279–286

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rey-Salgueiro L, García-Falcón MS, Soto-González B, Simal-Gándara J (2004) Procedure to measure the level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in wood ashes used as fertilizer in agroforestry soils and their transfer from ashes to water. J Agric Food Chem 52:3900–3904

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Riser-Roberts E (1998) Remediation of petroleum contaminated soils, biological, physical, and chemical processes. Lewis Publisher, Florida

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Romero A, Santos A, Vicente F, Rodriguez S, Lafuente AL (2009) In situ oxidation remediation technologies: kinetic of hydrogen peroxide decomposition on soil organic matter. J Hazard Mater 170:627–632

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shor L, Rockne KJ, Taghon GL, Young LY, Kosson DS (2003) Desorption kinetics for field-aged polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from sediments. Environ Sci Technol 37:1535–1544

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Silva A, Delerue-Matos C, Fiuza A (2005) Use of solvent extraction to remediate soils contaminated with hydrocarbons. J Hazard Mater B124:224–229

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Souza B. R., G. T. Maziviero, A. C. Christofoletti, G. T. Pinheiro, S. Fontanetti (2013) Soil Contamination with heavy metals and petroleum derivates: impact on edaphic fauna and remediation strategies. In: Soil processes and current trends in quality assessment. Hernandez Soriano, M.C. (ed.) InTech., pp 175–203

  • Subramanian B, Namboodiri V, Khodadoust AP, Dionysiou DD (2010) Extraction of pentachlorophenol from soils using environmentally benign lactic acid solutions. J Hazard Mater 174:263–269

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sui H, Hua Z, Li X, Li H, Wu G (2014) Influence of soil and hydrocarbon properties on the solvent extraction of high-concentration weathered petroleum from contaminated soils. Environ Sci Pollut R 21:5774–5784

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sun Y, Ji L, Wang W, Wang X, Wu J, Li H, Guo H (2009) Simultaneous removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and copper from soils using ethyl lactate-amended EDDS solution. J Environ Qual 38:1591–1597

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Valentin L, Nousiainen A, Mikkonen A (2013) Introduction to organic contaminants in soil: concepts and risks. In Emerging organic contaminants in sludges, Springer, Heidelberg New York, pp. 1–29

    Google Scholar 

  • Venny GS, Ng HK (2012) Inorganic chelated modified-Fenton treatment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated soils. Chem Eng J 180:1–8

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yang L, Jin M, Tong C, Xie S (2013) Study of dynamic sorption and desorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in silty-clay soil. J Hazard Mater 244–245:77–85

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang Y, Zhang N, Xue M, Tao S (2010) Impact of soil organic matter on the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils. Environ Pollut 158:2170–2174

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang Z, Zhou Q, Peng S, Cai Z (2010) Remediation of petroleum contaminated soils by joint action of Pharbitis nil L. and its microbial community. Sci. Total Environ 408:5600–5605

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE), Malaysia is gratefully acknowledged for the financial support towards this project under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) FRGS/2/2013/TK05/UNIM/02/1.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Suyin Gan.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Santiago V. Luis

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Jalilian Ahmadkalaei, S.P., Gan, S., Ng, H.K. et al. Investigation of ethyl lactate as a green solvent for desorption of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) from contaminated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23, 22008–22018 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7462-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7462-y

Keywords

Navigation