Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 24, pp 24547–24559 | Cite as

Supervised neural computing solutions for fluorescence identification of benzimidazole fungicides. Data and decision fusion strategies

  • Carmen Paz Suárez-Araujo
  • Patricio García Báez
  • Álvaro Sánchez Rodríguez
  • José Juan Santana-Rodrríguez
Global pollution problems, Trends in Detection and Protection


Benzimidazole fungicides (BFs) are a type of pesticide of high environmental interest characterized by a heavy fluorescence spectral overlap which complicates its detection in mixtures. In this paper, we present a computational study based on supervised neural networks for a multi-label classification problem. Specifically, backpropagation networks (BPNs) with data fusion and ensemble schemes are used for the simultaneous resolution of difficult multi-fungicide mixtures. We designed, optimized and compared simple BPNs, BPNs with data fusion and BPNs ensembles. The information environment used is made up of synchronous and conventional BF fluorescence spectra. The mixture spectra are not used in the training nor the validation stage. This study allows us to determine the convenience of fusioning the labels of carbendazim and benomyl for the identification of BFs in complex multi-fungicide mixtures.


Artificial neural networks Fluorescence spectrometry Fungicides Ensembles Mixture resolution Environment Data fusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Universitario de Ciencias y Tecnologías CibernéticasUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Ingeniería Informática y de SistemasUniversidad de La LagunaLa LagunaSpain
  3. 3.Instituto de Estudios Ambientales y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain

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