Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 18, pp 17919–17927 | Cite as

Water reclamation during drinking water treatments using polyamide nanofiltration membranes on a pilot scale

  • Miroslav Kukučka
  • Nikoleta Kukučka
  • Mirna Habuda-StanićEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the performances of polyamide nanofiltration membranes during water reclamation. The study was conducted using nanofiltration concentrates obtained from two different nanofiltration drinking water treatment plants placed in the northern part of Serbia (Kikinda and Zrenjanin). Used nanofiltration concentrates contained high concentrations of arsenic (45 and 451 μg/L) and natural organic matter (43.1 and 224.40 mgKMnO4/L). Performances of polyamide nanofiltration membranes during water reclamation were investigated under various fluxes and transmembrane pressures in order to obtain drinking water from nanofiltration concentrates and, therefore, reduce the amount of produced concentrates and minimize the waste that has to be discharged in the environment. Applied polyamide nanofiltration membranes showed better removal efficiency during water reclamation when the concentrate with higher content of arsenic and natural organic matter was used while the obtained permeates were in accordance with European regulations. This study showed that total concentrate yield can be reduced to ~5 % of the optimum flux value, in both experiments. The obtained result for concentrate yield under the optimum flux presents considerable amount of reclaimed drinking water and valuable reduced quantity of produced wastewater.

Keywords

Nanofiltration Water reclamation Arsenic Natural organic matter 

References

  1. AWWA (1995) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th edn. American Public Health Association Publications, Washington, D.CGoogle Scholar
  2. AWWA (2002) Implementation of arsenic treatment systems part 1. Process selection. Research Foundation and American Water Works Association, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Bagastyo AY, Keller J, Batstone DJ (2011) Size fractionation characterization of removed organics in reverse osmosis concentrates by ferric chloride. Water Sci Technol 63:1795–1800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chakrabortty S, Sen M, Pal P (2014) Arsenic removal from contaminated groundwater by membrane-integrated hybrid plant: optimization and control using visual basic platform. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:3840–3857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dasgupta J, Sikder J, Chakraborty S, Curcio S, Drioli E (2015) Remediation of textile effluents by membrane based treatment techniques: a state of the art review. J Environ Manag 147:55–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dresner L (1972) Some remarks on the integration of the extended Nernst-Planck equations in the hyperfiltration of multicomponent solutions. Desalination 10:27–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Du Y, Xie L, Liu Y, Zhang S, Xu Y (2015) Optimization of reverse osmosis networks with split partial second pass design. Desalination 365:365–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. European Council (1998) Council directive 98/83 EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption. Off. J Eur Communities. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1998:330:0032:0054:EN:PDF. Accessed 5 Jan 2016
  9. Figoli A, Cassano A, Criscuoli A, Mozumder MSI, Uddin MT, Islam MA, Drioli E (2010) Influence of operating parameters on the arsenic removal by nanofiltration. Water Res 44:97–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goncharuk VV, Kavitskaya AA, Skil’skaya MD (2011) Nanofiltration in drinking water supply. J Water Chem Technol 33:37–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Harisha RS, Hosamani KM, Keri RS, Nataraj SK, Aminabhavi TM (2010) Arsenic removal from drinking water using thin film composite nanofiltration membrane. Desalination 252:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hurtado CF, Cancino-Madariaga B (2014) Ammonia retention capacity of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes in a non-steady state system, to be use in recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS). Aquac Eng 58:29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jovanović D, Rašić-Milutinović Z, Paunović K, Jakovljević B, Plavšić S, Milošević J (2013) Low levels of arsenic in drinking water and type 2 diabetes in Middle Banat region, Serbia. Int J Hyg Environ Health 216:50–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kammeyer CW, Whitman DR (1972) Quantum mechanical calculation of molecular Radii. I. Hydrides of elements of periodic groups IV through VII. J Chem Phys 56:4419–4421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kent FC, Farahbakhsh K, Mahendran B, Jaklewicz M, Liss SN, Zhou H (2011) Water reclamation using reverse osmosis: analysis of fouling propagation given tertiary membrane filtration and MBR pretreatments. J Membr Sci 382:328–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim J, DiGiano FA, Reardon RD (2008) Autopsy of high-pressure membranes to compare effectiveness of MF and UF pretreatment in water reclamation. Water Res 42:697–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kossowska B, Dudka I, Gancarz R, Antonowicz-Juchniewicz J (2013) Application of classic epidemiological studies and proteomics in research of occupational and environmental exposure to lead, cadmium and arsenic. Int J Hyg Environ Health 216:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kramer FC, Shang R, Heijman SGJ, Scherrenberg SM, van Lier JB, Rietveld LC (2015) Direct water reclamation from sewage using ceramic tight ultra- and nanofiltration. Sep Purif Technol 147:329–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kukučka M, Habuda-Stanić M, Šiljeg M (2009) Groundwater treatment by nanofiltration—pilot study in Kikinda, Northern Serbia. In: 11th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, Chania, Crete, Greece, 3–5 September 2009, Lekkas, T.D (Ed.); University of the Aegean and Global NEST, Chania, Crete, Greece, p 649–655Google Scholar
  20. Kukučka M, Kukučka N, Vojinović-Miloradov M, Tomić Ž, Šiljeg M (2011) A novel approach to determine a resin’s sorption characteristics for the removal of natural organic matter and arsenic from groundwater. Water Sci Technol 11:726–736Google Scholar
  21. Meier J, Melin T (2005) Wastewater reclamation by the PAC-NF process. Desalination 178:27–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mijatović I, Matošić M, Černeha BH, Bratulić D (2004) Removal of natural organic matter by ultrafiltration and nanofiltration for drinking water production. Desalination 169:223–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mou Sen AM, Pal P (2010) Removal of arsenic from contaminated groundwater by membrane-integrated hybrid treatment system. J Membr Sci 354:108–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nikić Z, Vidović M (2007) Hydrogeological conditions and quality of ground waters in northern Banat, Pannonian basin. Environ Geol 52:1075–1084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pérez-González A, Ibáñez R, Gómez P, Urtiaga AM, Ortiz I, Irabien JA (2015) Nanofiltration separation of polyvalent and monovalent anions in desalination brines. J Membr Sci 473:16–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Purkait MK, Kumar VD, Maity D (2009) Treatment of leather plant effluent using NF followed by RO and permeate flux prediction using artificial neural network. Chem Eng J 51:275–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Redman AD, Macalady DL, Ahmann D (2002) Natural organic matter affects arsenic speciation and sorption onto hematite. Environ Sci Technol 36:2889–2896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ricci Nicomel N, Leus K, Folens K, Van Der Voort P, Du Laing G (2016) Technologies for arsenic removal from water: current status and future perspectives. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:1–24Google Scholar
  29. Romić Ž, Habuda-Stanić M, Kalajdžić B, Kuleš M (2011) Arsenic distribution, concentration and speciation in groundwater of the Osijek area, eastern Croatia. Appl Geochem 26:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rowland HAL, Omoregie EO, Millot R, Jimenez C, Mertens J, Baciu C, Hug SJ, Berg M (2011) Geochemistry and arsenic behavior in groundwater resources of the Pannonian Basin (Hungary and Romania). Appl Geochem 26:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rudnai T, Sándor J, Kádár M, Borsányi M, Béres J, Métneki J, Maráczi G, Rudnai P (2014) Arsenic in drinking water and congenital heart anomalies in Hungary. Int J Hyg Environ Health 217:813–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Saitua H, Gil R, Padilla AP (2011) Experimental investigation on arsenic removal with a nanofiltration pilot plant from naturally contaminated groundwater. Desalination 274:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shanmuganathan S, Vigneswaran S, Nguyen TV, Loganathan P, Kandasamy J (2015) Use of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis in reclaiming micro-filtered biologically treated sewage effluent for irrigation. Desalination 364:119–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sillanpää M (2015) Natural organic matter in water. IWA Publishing and Elsevier, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. Toray (2012) Product specification sheet/model CSM NE 8040–90, 1–2Google Scholar
  36. Toray (2012) Product specification sheet/model CSM NE 8040–70, 1–2Google Scholar
  37. Toray (2012) Product specification sheet/model CSM NE4040-90, 1–2Google Scholar
  38. US EPA, US Environmental Protection Agency (2009) Technologies and costs for removal of arsenic from drinking water. US EPA, Washington DC, 815-p-01-001 Google Scholar
  39. Vasiljević M (1999) Possibility of using groundwaters for the needs of water supply of the settlements and industry in the Pannonian Basin (Banat and Bačka). Dissertation, University of BelgradeGoogle Scholar
  40. Warwick P, Inam E, Evans N (2005) Arsenic’s interaction with humic acid. Environ Chem 2:119–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. WHO (2001) Environmental health criteria 224: arsenic and arsenic compounds. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu X, Lin L, Papelis C, Myint M, Cath TY, Xu P (2015) Use of drinking water treatment solids for arsenate removal from desalination concentrate. J Colloid Interface Sci 445:252–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yu Y, Zhao C, Wang Y, Fan W, Luan Z (2013) Effects of ion concentration and natural organic matter on arsenic (V) removal by nanofiltration under different transmembrane pressures. J Environ Sci 25:302–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miroslav Kukučka
    • 1
  • Nikoleta Kukučka
    • 1
  • Mirna Habuda-Stanić
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.EnviroTech d.o.oKikindaSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Food Technology OsijekJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of OsijekOsijekCroatia

Personalised recommendations