Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 14, pp 14414–14421

Anticoccidial effect of mananoligosacharide against experimentally induced coccidiosis in broiler

  • Naila Chand
  • Hassan Faheem
  • Rifat Ullah Khan
  • Muhammad Subhan Qureshi
  • Ibrahim A. Alhidary
  • Alaeldein M. Abudabos
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6600-x

Cite this article as:
Chand, N., Faheem, H., Khan, R.U. et al. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2016) 23: 14414. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-6600-x

Abstract

The aim of this study was to find the effect of mananoligosacharide (MOS) in comparison with amprolium hydrochloride on performance and integrity of gut in experimentally induced coccidiosis in broiler. A total of 300, day-old male broiler chickens (Ross 308) was randomly allocated to four treatments. Each group was further divided into five replicates of 15 birds each. Group A was kept as control; group B was contaminated with Eimeria tenella, while groups C and D were infected with E. tenella and treated with MOS (0.8 g/kg feed) and anticoccidial drug, amprolium hydrochloride (12 g/100 l water), respectively. The results showed that weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in infected + MOS-treated group compared to the other groups. The result of oocyte per gram (OPG) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the group infected with coccidiosis during 5th, 7th, 10th, and 12th day post infection (dpi). Furthermore, the OPG was significantly lower (P < 0.05) in infected groups treated with MOS and amprolium at the studied periods (5, 7, and 10 dpi). At 12 dpi, the infected group treated with MOS showed significantly lower OPG compared to the other groups suggesting the effectiveness of MOS in comparison to amprolium. The result of pinpoint hemorrhages, thickness of cecal wall, bloody fecal contents, and mucoid contents in the cecum were significant highly (P < 0.05) in birds fed with infected oocytes. It was also noted that the differences were not significant in these parameters between amprolium and MOS-treated birds showing the effectiveness of the prebiotic agent. It was concluded from the results of the present study that MOS improved growth performance and reversed the lesions of E. tenella.

Keywords

Coccidiosis Birds Monoligosacheride Feed efficiency Lesions 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naila Chand
    • 1
  • Hassan Faheem
    • 1
  • Rifat Ullah Khan
    • 2
    • 1
  • Muhammad Subhan Qureshi
    • 1
  • Ibrahim A. Alhidary
    • 2
  • Alaeldein M. Abudabos
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary SciencesThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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