Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 3247–3255 | Cite as

Spatial distribution, health risk assessment, and isotopic composition of lead contamination of street dusts in different functional areas of Beijing, China

  • Lanfang Han
  • Bo GaoEmail author
  • Xin Wei
  • Dongyu Xu
  • Li Gao
Research Article


Street dusts from heavy density traffic area (HDTA), tourism area (TA), residential area (RA), and educational area (EA) in Beijing were collected to explore the distribution, health risk assessment, and source of lead (Pb). The average concentration of Pb in TA was the highest among the four areas. Compared with other cities, Pb concentrations in Beijing were generally at moderate or low levels. The average value (14.05) of ecological risk index (RI) indicated that Pb was at “low pollution risk” status. According to the calculation on hazard index (HI), the ingestion of dust particles of children and adults was the major route of exposure to street dusts in four studied areas, followed by dermal contact. The lower values of HI than 1 further suggested that non-carcinogenic risks of Pb in the street dusts were in the low range. Comparing 206Pb/207Pb and 208Pb/207Pb ratios of street dusts with other environmental samples, it was found that atmospheric deposition of coal combustion dust might be the main pathway for anthropogenic Pb input to the street dusts in four functional areas.


Street dusts Lead pollution Pb isotopic radios Health risk assessment Source identification Beijing 



This work was jointly supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014T70094, 2013M530668), and the Open Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (Grant No. 2014QN02 and 2014RC08)..

Supplementary material

11356_2015_5535_MOESM1_ESM.doc (62 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 62 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lanfang Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bo Gao
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Xin Wei
    • 2
  • Dongyu Xu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Li Gao
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River BasinChina Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Water EnvironmentChina Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina

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