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Biochemical biomarker responses to pollution in selected sentinel organisms across the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea

An Erratum to this article was published on 29 September 2016

Abstract

Pollution effects were assessed by means of biochemical biomarkers (catalase, glutathione S-transferase and acetylcholinesterase activities, and metallothioneins content) in five species at selected coastal sites across the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, a well-established sentinel species, was investigated in the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, and Black Sea. The mussel Brachidontes pharaonis and the striped red mullet Mullus surmuletus were used in the Levantine Sea where M. galloprovincialis is not present. The white seabream Diplodus sargus sargus and the gastropod Rapana venosa were additionally sampled in the Adriatic and the Black Sea, respectively. Mussels showed catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and acetylcholinesterase responses to pollution in most geographical areas while the response of metallothioneins was restricted to a few sites. R. venosa showed marked responses of catalase and metallothioneins whereas both fish species did not generally exhibit variations in biomarker values among sites. The approach based on the reference deviation concept using the “Integrated Biological Responses version 2” index was useful for the interpretation of overall biomarker responses.

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Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the PERSEUS (Policy-oriented marine Environmental Research for the Southern EUropean Seas) FP7-OCEAN-2011-287600 Project. The authors greatly appreciate the contribution of E. Papathanassiou in the implementation of this study. We also thank D. Kaparou and L. Bordbar for assistance with biomarker analyses and N. Kouerinis for assistance in chemical analyses.

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Correspondence to Tsangaris Catherine.

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Responsible editor: Cinta Porte

An erratum to this article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7740-8.

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Catherine, T., Vanessa, M., Evangelia, S. et al. Biochemical biomarker responses to pollution in selected sentinel organisms across the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23, 1789–1804 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5410-x

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Keywords

  • Pollution effects
  • Biomarkers
  • Acetylcholinesterase
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione S-transferase
  • Metallothioneins
  • Eastern Mediterranean Sea
  • Black Sea