Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 1789–1804 | Cite as

Biochemical biomarker responses to pollution in selected sentinel organisms across the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea

  • Tsangaris Catherine
  • Moschino Vanessa
  • Strogyloudi Evangelia
  • Coatu Valentina
  • Ramšak Andreja
  • Abu Alhaija Rana
  • Carvalho Susana
  • Felline Serena
  • Kosyan Alisa
  • Lazarou Yiota
  • Hatzianestis Ioannis
  • Oros Andra
  • Tiganus Daniela
Research Article

Abstract

Pollution effects were assessed by means of biochemical biomarkers (catalase, glutathione S-transferase and acetylcholinesterase activities, and metallothioneins content) in five species at selected coastal sites across the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, a well-established sentinel species, was investigated in the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, and Black Sea. The mussel Brachidontes pharaonis and the striped red mullet Mullus surmuletus were used in the Levantine Sea where M. galloprovincialis is not present. The white seabream Diplodus sargus sargus and the gastropod Rapana venosa were additionally sampled in the Adriatic and the Black Sea, respectively. Mussels showed catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and acetylcholinesterase responses to pollution in most geographical areas while the response of metallothioneins was restricted to a few sites. R. venosa showed marked responses of catalase and metallothioneins whereas both fish species did not generally exhibit variations in biomarker values among sites. The approach based on the reference deviation concept using the “Integrated Biological Responses version 2” index was useful for the interpretation of overall biomarker responses.

Keywords

Pollution effects Biomarkers Acetylcholinesterase Catalase Glutathione S-transferase Metallothioneins Eastern Mediterranean Sea Black Sea 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsangaris Catherine
    • 1
  • Moschino Vanessa
    • 2
  • Strogyloudi Evangelia
    • 1
  • Coatu Valentina
    • 3
  • Ramšak Andreja
    • 4
  • Abu Alhaija Rana
    • 5
  • Carvalho Susana
    • 6
  • Felline Serena
    • 7
  • Kosyan Alisa
    • 8
  • Lazarou Yiota
    • 9
  • Hatzianestis Ioannis
    • 1
  • Oros Andra
    • 3
  • Tiganus Daniela
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Center for Marine ResearchAnavyssosGreece
  2. 2.Institute of Marine Sciences—ISMAR-CNRVeneziaItaly
  3. 3.National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”Constanta 3Romania
  4. 4.National Institute of BiologyPiranSlovenia
  5. 5.Energy, Environment and Water Research Center (EEWRC), The Cyprus InstituteNicosiaCyprus
  6. 6.KAUST—King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research CenterThuwalSaudi Arabia
  7. 7.Laboratory of Zoology and Marine Biology, Department of Biological and Environmental Science and TechnologiesUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly
  8. 8.Laboratory of Ecology and Morphology of Marine Invertebrates, A. N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  9. 9.Oceanography CentreUniversity of CyprusNicosiaCyprus

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