Carbon and energy fixation of great duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza growing in swine wastewater
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The ability to fix carbon and energy in swine wastewater of duckweeds was investigated using Spirodela polyrhiza as the model species. Cultures of S. polyrhiza were grown in dilutions of both original swine wastewater (OSW) and anaerobic digestion effluent (ADE) based on total ammonia nitrogen (TAN). Results showed that elevated concentrations of TAN caused decreased growth, carbon fixation, and energy production rates, particularly just after the first rise in two types of swine wastewater. Also, OSW was more suitable for S. polyrhiza cultivation than ADE. Maximum carbon and energy fixation were achieved at OSW-TAN concentrations of 12.08 and 13.07 mg L−1, respectively. Photosynthetic activity of S. polyrhiza could be inhibited by both nutrient stress (in high-concentration wastewater) and nutrient limitation (in low-concentration wastewater), affecting its growth and ability for carbon-energy fixation.
KeywordsSwine wastewater Duckweed Photosynthesis Bioenergy Nutrient stress Ammonia toxicity
This research was supported by the NSFC project (51108239) and Applied Basic Research Program of Sichuan Province (2013JY0005).
This study did not involve human participants, specimens or tissue samples, or vertebrate animals, embryos, or tissues.
All information entered here has been included in the “Material and methods” section of our manuscript.
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