Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 18, pp 14018–14031 | Cite as

Evaluation of the pollution and human health risks posed by heavy metals in the atmospheric dust in Ebinur Basin in Northwest China

  • Jilili Abuduwailil
  • Zhang Zhaoyong
  • Jiang Fengqing
Research Article

Abstract

Recently, a large amount of research assessing pollution levels and the related health risks posed by atmosphere dust has been undertaken worldwide. However, little work has been done in the oases of the arid regions of Northwest China. In this paper, we studied the pollution and health risks over a year of seven heavy metals in the atmospheric dust of Ebinur Basin, a typical oasis in Northwest China. The results showed the following: (1) The annual amount of atmospheric deposition in Ebinur Basin was 298.23 g m−2 and the average monthly atmospheric deposition was 25.06 g m−2. The average and maximum values of the seven heavy metals measured were all below the National Soil Environmental Quality Standards (2nd). (2) Heavy metals of Cu, Cr, and As in the atmospheric deposition mainly originated from the natural geological background, while Zn came from human activity. This study also showed that among the seven measured heavy metals, the ratios of the no-pollution status of Pb, Cd, and Hg were higher than those of others with moderate degrees of pollution also accounting for a certain ratio. (3) The carcinogenic risks from As, Cd, and Cr were all lower than the corresponding standard limit values, and these metals are considered not harmful to the health of the basin. However, there is a relatively high risk of exposure for children from hand-to-mouth intake, which is worthy of attention. This research showed that both human activity and natural factors, such as wind and altitude, influenced the heavy metal contents in the atmospheric dust of the study area. Furthermore, recent human activity in the study area had the most negative influence on the accumulation of the heavy metals and the corresponding health risks, especially for Hg, Pb, and Cd, which is worthy of attention.

Keywords

Atmospheric deposition Heavy metals Pollution assessment Health risk evaluation Ebinur Basin Northwest China 

References

  1. Abuduwaili J, Zhang ZY, Jiang FQ (2015) Assessment of the distribution, sources and potential ecological risk of heavy metals in the dry surface sediment of Aibi Lake in Northwest China. Plos One 10(3), e0120001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akhter MS, Madany IM (1993) Heavy metals in street and house dust in Bahrain. Water Air Soil Pollut 66(1–2):111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Khashman O (2004) Heavy metal distribution in dust, street dust and soils from the work place in Karak Industrial Estate, Jordan. Atmos Environ 38(39):6803–6812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arslan H (2001) Heavy metals in street dust in Bursa, Turkey. J Trace Microprobe Technol 19(3):439–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Banerjee AD (2003) Heavy metal levels and solid phase speciation in street dusts of Delhi, India. Environ Pollut 123(1):95–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benin AL, Sargent JD, Dalton M, Roda S (1999) High concentrations of heavy metals in neighborhoods near ore smelters in northern Mexico. Environ Health Perspect 107(4):279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Birch GF, Scollen A (2003) Heavy metals in road dust, gully pots and parkland soils in a highly urbanised sub-catchment of Port Jackson, Australia. Aust J Soil Res 41(7):1329–1342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen ZX, Luan WL (2011) Distribution characteristics and genetic analysis of heavy metals in near-surface atmospheric dust fall in Tangshan. Geophys Geochem Explor 35(06):833–836 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  9. China’s State Environmental Protection Agency (CSEPA) (1990) China’s soil element background values. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  10. Christoforidis A, Stamatis N (2009) Heavy metal contamination in street dust and roadside soil along the major national road in Kavala region, Greece. Geoderma 151(3):257–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dai SD, Ma KM, Bao L, Zhang T, Zhang D (2013) Distribution of particle matters and contamination of heavy metals in the foliar dust of Sophora japonica in parks and their neighboring roads in Beijing. Acta Sci Circumst 33(01):154–162 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  12. Dai JR, Zhu DC, Pang XG, Wang X (2014) Geochemical characteristics and pollution sources identification of the near-surface atmosphere dust-fall in Jining City. China Environ Sci 41(01):40–48 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  13. De-Miguel E, Llamas JF, Chacón E, Berg T, Larssen S, Røyset O, Vadset M (1997) Origin and patterns of distribution of trace elements in street dust: unleaded petrol and urban lead. Atmos Environ 31(17):2733–2740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dong T, Li TX, Zhao XG, Cao SZ, Wang BB, Ma J, Duan XL (2014) Source and health risk assessment of heavy metals in ambient air PM10 from one coking plant. Environ Sci 35(04):1238–1244 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  15. Duan XL, Huang N, Wang BB, Zhao XG, Nie J, Qian Y, Wang XL, Zhang JL (2012) Development of exposure factors research methods in environmental health risk assessment. J Environ Health 29(2):99–103 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  16. Duong TTT, Lee BK (2011) Determining contamination level of heavy metals in road dust from busy traffic areas with different characteristics. J Environ Manag 92(3):554–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eichler A, Tobler L, Eyrikh S, Malygina N, Papina T, Schwikowski M (2014) Ice-core based assessment of historical anthropogenic heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Sb, Zn) emissions in the Soviet Union. Environ Sci Technol 48(5):2635–2642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Environmental Protection Department of the People’s Republic of China (EPDPRC) (1995) Environmental quality standard for soils (GB 15618–1995). Ministry of Environmental Protection of People’s Republic of China, Beijing (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  19. Guo W, Zhao RX, Zhang J, Bao YY, Wang H, Yang M, Jin F (2011) Distribution characteristic and assessment of soil heavy metal pollution in the iron mining of Baotou in Inner Mongolia. Environ Sci 32(10):3099–3105 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  20. Guo JT, Zhou J, Hu BB, Meng WQ, Wang ZW, Wang ZL (2014) Health risk assessment on heavy metals in dust of urban parks in Tianjin. Chin J Ecol 33(02):415–420 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  21. Huang SS, Hua M, Jin Y, Wu XM, Liao QL, Zhu BW, Pan YM (2008) Concentrations and sources of heavy metal in atmospheric dustfall in Nanjing city, East China. Earth Sci Front 15(05):161–166 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  22. Huang XX, Zhu XF, Tang L, Ji HB, Jin YS (2012) Studies on the distribution and chemical speciation of heavy metals in iron mine soil of the upstream area of Miyun Reservoir, Beijing. China Environ Sci 32(09):1632–1639 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  23. Jilili A, Xu JR, Mu GJ, Xu M, Gabchenko MV (2007) Effect of soil dust from Ebinur on soil salts and landscape of surrounding regions. J Glaciol Geocryol 29(06):928–939 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  24. Jilili A, Hu RJ, Wang YJ, Ma L, He Q, Zhang ZY (2013) Lakes of arid land and salt-dust storms. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, pp 1–301 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  25. Leung AO, Duzgoren-Aydin NS, Cheung KC, Wong MH (2008) Heavy metals concentrations of surface dust from e-waste recycling and its human health implications in southeast China. Environ Sci Technol 42(7):2674–2680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li XY (2013) Influence of season change on the level of heavy metals in outdoor settled dusts in different functional areas of Guiyang City. Environ Sci 34(6):2407–2415 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  27. Li X, Poon C, Liu PS (2001) Heavy metal contamination of urban soils and street dusts in Hong Kong. Appl Geochem 16(11):1361–1368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li P, Xue LY, Nan ZR (2014) Pollution evaluation and health risk assessment of heavy metals from atmospheric deposition in Lanzhou. Environ Sci 35(03):1021–1028 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  29. Liu DW, Jilili A, Mu GJ, Xu JR (2009) Chemical components and transport mechanics of wind-erodible playa sediments, Ebinur Lake, Xinjiang, China. China Environ Sci 29(2):157–162 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  30. Liu DW, Jilili A, Lei JQ, Wu GY (2011) Saline dust storm and its ecological effects. J Desert Res 31(01):168–173 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  31. Liu DH, Wang FY, Zhou WL, Yang YJ (2012) Heavy metal pollution in street dusts from different functional zones of Luoyang City and its potential ecological risk. Environ Sci 33(1):253–259 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  32. Lu X, Wang L, Li LY, Lei K, Huang L, Kang D (2010) Multivariate statistical analysis of heavy metals in street dust of Baoji, NW China. J Hazard Mater 173(1):744–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mamat Z, Yimit H, Ji RZA, Eziz M (2014) Source identification and hazardous risk delineation of heavy metal contamination in Yanqi basin, northwest China. Sci Total Environ 493:1098–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Müller G (1979) Heavy-metals in sediment of the Rhine-changes since 1971. Umsch Wiss Tech 79(24):778–783Google Scholar
  35. Neto JAB, Gingele FX, Leipe T, Brehme I (2006) Spatial distribution of heavy metals in surficial sediments from Guanabara Bay: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Environ Geol 49(7):1051–1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pagotto C, Remy N, Legret M, Le Cloirec P (2001) Heavy metal pollution of road dust and roadside soil near a major rural highway. Environ Technol 22(3):307–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rahn KA (1976) The chemical composition of the atmospheric aerosols. Technical report, Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode IslandGoogle Scholar
  38. Tang RL, Ma KM, Zhang YX, Mao QZ (2012) Health risk assessment of heavy metals of street dust in Beijing. Acta Sci Circumst 32(8):2006–2015 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  39. U.S. EPA (1989) Risk assessment guidance for superfund. volI. Human health evaluation manual. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  40. U.S. EPA (2002) Environmental protection agency. Supplemental guidance for developing soil screening levels for super fund sites. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, DC, pp 1–106Google Scholar
  41. Wang J, Chen ZL, Wang C, Ye MW, Shen J, Nie ZL (2007) Heavy metals accumulation in river sediments of Chongming Island, Shanghai city, and its environmental risk. Chin J Appl Ecol 18(07):1518–1522 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  42. Wang X, Ma J, Hou Q, Duan H (2011) Accumulation and health risk assessment of heavy metals in kindergarten surface dust in the city of Kaifeng. Acta Sci Circumst 31(3):583–593 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  43. Wu D, Wei HT, Zhao RR, Zhang R, Liu JB (2014) Magnetic properties of indoor dust fall at different heights in Lanzhou. Environ Sci 35(01):79–84 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  44. Yang Q, He Q, Li HJ, Lei JQ (2003) Study on the sand-dust climate change trend and jump in Ebinur Lake area. J Desert Res 23(05):27–32 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  45. Yang S, Liu G, Zhang A, Wang Y, Yang Z (2010) Analysis on accumulation characters of 5 kinds of heavy metals in orchard topsoil in typical production zone in China. Acta Ecol Sin 30(22):6201–6207 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  46. Zhang ZY, Abuduwaili J, Jiang FQ (2013) Determination of occurrence characteristics of heavy metals in soil and water environments in Tianshan Mountains, Central Asia. Anal Lett 46(13):2122–2131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zheng N, Liu J, Wang Q, Liang Z (2010) Health risk assessment of heavy metal exposure to street dust in the zinc smelting district, Northeast of China. Sci Total Environ 408(4):726–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhong XL, Zhou SL, Li JT, Zhao QG (2010) Evaluation of soil heavy metals accumulation in the fast economy development region. Environ Sci 31(06):1608–1616 (In Chinese) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jilili Abuduwailil
    • 1
  • Zhang Zhaoyong
    • 2
  • Jiang Fengqing
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesUrumqiChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and Environmental ScienceXinjiang University, Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology of the Ministry of EducationUrumqiChina

Personalised recommendations