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Potential of acetylacetone as a mediator for Trametes versicolor laccase in enzymatic transformation of organic pollutants

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Abstract

Low-cost and environmentally friendly mediators could facilitate the application of laccase (EC 1.10.3.2) in variant biotechnological processes. Acetylacetone (AA) represents an inexpensive and low toxic small molecular diketone that has been proven as an effective mediator for laccase in free radical polymerization. However, the potential of AA as a mediator for laccase in pollutant detoxification and/or degradation is still unknown. In this work, the roles of AA in laccase-induced polymerization and transformation were investigated. AA was demonstrated to be a highly efficient mediator in the laccase-induced grafting copolymerization of acrylamide and chitosan. The efficacy of AA in the laccase-induced decoloration of malachite green (MG) was compared with that of the widely used 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT). The laccase-AA system had the highest turnover number (TON, 39.1 μmol/U), followed by the laccase-only system (28.5 μmol/U), while the TON of the laccase-HBT system was the lowest (14.9 μmol/U). The pseudo-first-order transformation rate constant (k 1) of MG in the laccase-AA system was up to 0.283 h−1 under the given conditions, while the k 1 of AA caused by laccase was only 0.008 h−1. In the five-cycle run, the concentration of AA remained stable. The larger TON of the laccase-AA system and the stability of AA in the cycling runs demonstrate that AA was more recyclable than HBT in the LMS, leading to a prolonged serving life of laccase. These results suggest that AA might be a potential redox mediator for laccase.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NSFC (51378254) and the High Level Talents in Six Industries of Jiangsu (JNHB-012).

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Correspondence to Shujuan Zhang.

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Responsible editor: Markus Hecker

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Yang, H., Sun, H., Zhang, S. et al. Potential of acetylacetone as a mediator for Trametes versicolor laccase in enzymatic transformation of organic pollutants. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22, 10882–10889 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4312-2

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