Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 6670–6678 | Cite as

Comparative investigation of heavy metal, trace, and macro element contents in commercially valuable fish species harvested off from the Persian Gulf

  • Dariush Ranjbar Vakil Abadi
  • Sina Dobaradaran
  • Iraj Nabipour
  • Xolelwa Lamani
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
  • Rahim Tahmasebi
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
Research Article


This study was performed to determine the differences between two commercial species of fish harvested off near the Kharg Island (one of the largest oil terminals in the world) in the Persian Gulf in terms of toxic metals, macro, and trace elements. Samples were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The results showed that Ca, Li, Mg, P, Se, Sn, Sr, and Zn concentrations were significantly different between the skin and muscle tissues of Scomberomorus guttatus but with the exception of P, there was no significant difference between element levels in the skin and muscle tissues of Otolithes ruber. The S. guttatus contained significantly higher levels of As, Sn, Se, and P in the muscle tissue and Zn in the skin tissue compared to the muscle and skin tissues of Otolithes ruber. The estimated daily intake of the toxic elements including As, Cd, Sb, Pb, and Sn via consumption of these fish were below the established guidelines but due to the potential contamination by oil activities near the island, continuous and permanent monitoring in this region is highly recommended.


Scomberomorus guttatus Otolithes ruber Heavy metals Trace elements Persian Gulf 



The authors are grateful to the Bushehr University of Medical Science for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dariush Ranjbar Vakil Abadi
    • 1
  • Sina Dobaradaran
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Iraj Nabipour
    • 4
  • Xolelwa Lamani
    • 5
  • Masoumeh Ravanipour
    • 1
  • Rahim Tahmasebi
    • 1
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  2. 2.Systems Environmental Health, Oil, Gas and Energy Research CenterBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  3. 3.The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research CenterBushehrIran
  4. 4.Department of Infectious DiseasesThe Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine ResearchBushehrIran
  5. 5.Instrumental Analytical ChemistryUniversity Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  6. 6.School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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