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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 6570–6577 | Cite as

Influence of Rhizophagus irregularis inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and arsenic accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivated on an arsenic-contaminated soil

  • I. CattaniEmail author
  • G. M. Beone
  • C. Gonnelli
Research Article

Abstract

Southern Tuscany (Italy) is characterized by extensive arsenic (As) anomalies, with concentrations of up to 2000 mg kg soil−1. Samples from the location of Scarlino, containing about 200 mg kg−1 of As, were used to study the influence of the inoculation of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus (Rhizophagus irregularis, previously known as Glomus intraradices) and of phosphorus (P) application, separately and in combination, on As speciation in the rhizosphere of Zea mays on plant growth and As accumulation. Also, P distribution in plant parts was investigated. Each treatment produced a moderate rise of As(III) in the rhizosphere, increased As(III) and lowered As(V) concentration in shoots. P treatment, alone or in combination with AM, augmented the plant biomass. The treatments did not affect total As concentration in the shoots (with all the values <1 mg kg−1 dry weight), while in the roots it was lowered by P treatment alone. Such decrease was probably a consequence of the competition between P and As(V) for the same transport systems, interestingly nullified by the combination with AM treatment. P concentration was higher with AM only in both shoots and roots. Therefore, the obtained results can be extremely encouraging for maize cultivation on a marginal land, like the one studied.

Keywords

Arsenic Maize Arbuscular mycorrhiza Phosphorus Rhizobox Arsenic speciation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Roberto M. De Santis, Vincenza Cozzolino, Massimo Pigna and Antonio Violante (Dipartimento di Scienza del Suolo, della Pianta, dell’Ambiente e delle Produzioni Animali- Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Portici (NA), Italy) for their support in this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istituto di Chimica Agraria ed AmbientaleUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di BiologiaUniversità degli Studi di FirenzeFlorenceItaly

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