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Health risk assessment of organochlorine pesticide exposure through dietary intake of vegetables grown in the periurban sites of Delhi, India

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Abstract

The study investigated the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in different types of vegetables grown in periurban area of National Capital Region (NCR), India. Vegetable sampling was carried out in winter and summer season of 2012. A total of 20 different OCPs were determined using gas chromatography (GC) assembled with electron capture detector (ECD). Obtained results showed that average levels of ∑20OCP ranged from 83.8 ± 25.5 ng g−1 in smooth gourd to 222.4 ± 90.0 ng g−1 in cauliflower. The mean concentrations of different OCPs were observed in order of ∑HCH > ∑CHLs > drins > ∑endosulfan > ∑DDT in all vegetables except in brinjal and smooth gourd. Most of the OCP residues recorded in vegetable samples exceeded the maximum residue levels (MRLs) set by international and national regulatory agencies. Health risk assessment suggests that daily dietary OCP exposure via vegetable consumption was higher for children (mean value 4.25E−05) than adults (mean value 2.19E−05). The hazard quotient (HQ) and lifetime cancer risk (LCR) estimated from dietary exposure of these vegetables were above the acceptable limit and can be considered as a serious concern for Delhi population.

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Acknowledgments

Fellowship awarded by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research—University Grant Commission (CSIR-UGC), Government of India, to Sapna Chourasiya is duly acknowledged. GC-ECD facility provided by the Advanced Instrumentation Research Facility (AIRF), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, and technical assistance by Dr. Ajai Kumar (AIRF, JNU) are also duly acknowledged.

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Correspondence to P. S. Khillare.

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Chourasiya, S., Khillare, P.S. & Jyethi, D.S. Health risk assessment of organochlorine pesticide exposure through dietary intake of vegetables grown in the periurban sites of Delhi, India. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22, 5793–5806 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3791-x

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