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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 21, Issue 19, pp 11126–11134 | Cite as

Degradation of industrial surfactants by photocatalysis combined with ozonation

  • Zoltán Zsilák
  • Orsolya Fónagy
  • Erzsébet Szabó-Bárdos
  • Ottó HorváthEmail author
  • Krisztián Horváth
  • Péter Hajós
Photocatalysis: new highlights from JEP 2013

Abstract

The efficiency of titanium dioxide-mediated photocatalytic degradation of pollutants can be enhanced by combination with another advanced oxidation procedure such as ozonation. Mineralization of hydroxy- and dihydroxybenzenesulfonate based on these methods, both individually and combined, was investigated by monitoring the total organic carbon content, sulfate concentration, pH, high-performance liquid chromatography as well as the absorption spectral changes. The mineralization efficiency of the combined procedure significantly exceeded the sum of those of the individual techniques. The comparison of the disappearance of the starting material and the formation of the sulfate ions indicates that desulfonation is not the primary step of the degradation. Moreover, in the case of the combined method, ring cleavage, and thus, partial mineralization can occur without desulfonation. Efficient degradation of other, widely used industrial surfactants, such as alkylbenzene sulfonates and alkyl ether sulfates, was also achieved by heterogeneous photocatalysis combined with ozonation, offering an applicable method for the removal of these pollutants.

Keywords

Hydroxy- and dihydroxybenzenesulfonate Alkylbenzene sulfonates Alkyl ether sulfates TiO2-based photocatalysis Oxidative degradation Ozonation Synergy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA No. K101141 and K81843) and by the European Union and the State of Hungary, co-financed by the European Social Fund (TÁMOP-4.2.2.A-11/1/KONV-2012-0071 and in case of Orsolya Fónagy’s personal support in the framework of TÁMOP-4.2.4.A/2-11/1-2012-0001 ‘National Excellence Program’).

Supplementary material

11356_2014_2527_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (133 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 133 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoltán Zsilák
    • 1
  • Orsolya Fónagy
    • 1
  • Erzsébet Szabó-Bárdos
    • 1
  • Ottó Horváth
    • 1
    Email author
  • Krisztián Horváth
    • 2
  • Péter Hajós
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of ChemistryUniversity of PannoniaVeszprémHungary
  2. 2.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of ChemistryUniversity of PannoniaVeszprémHungary

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