Skip to main content

Potential of biological materials for removing heavy metals from wastewater

Abstract

Agricultural products/by-products are natural sorbent materials that possess capacity for removing contaminants including heavy metals from wastewaters and hence can be exploited as replacement of costly methods for wastewater treatment. The sorption of heavy metals onto these biomaterials is attributed to constituent's proteins, carbohydrates, and phenolic compounds that contain functional groups such as carboxylate, hydroxyl, and amine. Natural efficiency of these materials for removing heavy metals can be enhanced by treating them with chemicals. The present review emphasizes their use in developing eco-friendly technology for a large-scale treatment of wastewater.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Abdelwahab O, Nemr A, El Sikaily A, Khaled A (2005) Use of rice husk for adsorption of direct dyes from aqueous solution: a case study of direct f. Scarlet Egypt J Aquat Res 31:1–11

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Abia AA, Horsfall M, Didi O (2003) The use of chemically modified and unmodified cassava waste for the removal of Cd, Cu and Zn ions from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 90:345–348

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Agarwal GS, Bhuptawat HK, Chaudhari S (2006) Biosorption of aqueous chromium VI by Tamarindus indicus seeds. Bioresour Technol 97:949–956

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ahalya N, Kanamadi RD, Ramachandra TV (2005) Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by the husk of Bengal Gram (Cicer arietinum). Electron J Biotechnol 8:258–264

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Ahluwalia SS, Goyal D (2005) Removal of heavy metals by waste tea leaves from aqueous solution. Eng Life Sci 5:158–162

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Ahluwalia SS, Goyal D (2007) Microbial and plant derived biomass for removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioresour Technol 98:2243–2257

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ahmaruzzaman M (2011) Industrial wastes as low-cost potential adsorbents for the treatment of wastewater laden with heavy metals. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 166:36–59

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Ahmaruzzaman M, Gupta VK (2011) Rice husk and its ash as low-cost adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment. Ind Eng Chem Res 50(24):13589–13613

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Aksu Z, Isoglu IA (2005) Removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by biosorption onto agricultural wastes sugar beet pulp. Process Biochem 40:3031–3044

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Albadarin AB, Mangwandi C, Walker GM, Allen SJ, Ahmad MN, Khraisheh M (2013) Influence of solution chemistry on Cr(VI) reduction and complexation onto date-pits/tea-waste biomaterials. J Environ Manag 114:190–201

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Alfa YM, Hassan H, Nda-Umar UI (2012) Agricultural waste materials as potential adsorbent for removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Int J Chem Res 2:48–54

    Google Scholar 

  12. Al-Rub FAA (2006) Biosorption of zinc on palm tree leaves: equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics studies. Sep Purif Technol 41:3499–3515

    Google Scholar 

  13. Amarasinghe BMWPK, Williams RA (2007) Tea waste as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of Cu and Pb from wastewater. Chem Eng J 132:299–309

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Amuda OS, Giwa AA, Bello IA (2007) Removal of heavy metal from industrial wastewater using modified activated coconut shell carbon. Biochem Eng J 36:174–181

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Annadurai A, Juang RS, Lee DJ (2003) Adsorption of heavy metals from water using banana and orange peels. Water Sci Technol 47:185–190

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Argun ME, Dursun S (2008) A new approach to modification of natural adsorbent for heavy metal adsorption. Bioresour Technol 99:2516–2527

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Arslanoglu H, Altundogan HS, Tumen F (2008) Preparation of cation exchange from lemon and sorption of divalent heavy metals. Bioresour Technol 99:2699–2705

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Arunlertaree C, Kaewsomboon W, Kumsopa A, Pokethitiyook P, Panyawathanakit P (2007) Removal of lead from battery manufacturing wastewater by eggshell. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 29:857–868

    Google Scholar 

  19. Asadi F, Shariatmadari H, Mirghaffari N (2008) Modification of rice hull and sawdust sorptive characteristics for remove heavy metals from synthetic solutions and wastewater. J Hazard Mater 154:451–45

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Athar M, Farooq U, Hussain B (2007) Azadirachata indicum (neem): an effective biosorbent for the removal of lead(II) from aqueous solutions. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:288–292

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Azouaou N, Sadaoui Z, Mokaddem H (2008) Removal of cadmium from aqueous solution by adsorption on vegetable wastes. J Appl Sci 8:4638–4643

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Babu BV, Gupta S (2008) Adsorption of Cr(VI) using activated neem leaves: kinetic studies. Adsorption 14:85–92

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Basso MC, Cerrella EG, Cukierman AL (2002) Lignocellulosic materials as potential biosorbents of trace toxic metals from wastewater. Ind Eng Chem Res 41:3580–3585

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Bhatnagar A, Minocha AK (2006) Conventional and non-conventional adsorbents for removal of pollutants from water. Ind J Chem Technol 13:203–217

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Bhatnagar A, Sillanpaa M (2010) Utilization of agro-industrial and municipal waste materials as potential adsorbents for water treatment—a review. Chem Eng J 157:277–296

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. Bhattacharyya KG, Sharma A (2004) Adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf powder. J Hazard Mater B 113:97–109

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Bishnoi NR, Bajaj M, Sharma N, Gupta A (2004) Adsorption of Cr on activated rice husk carbon and activated alumina. Bioresour Technol 91:305–307

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Biswas BK, Inoue K, Ghimire KN, Harada H, Ohto K, Kawakita H (2008) Removal and recovery of phosphorus from water by means of adsorption onto orange waste gel loaded with zirconium. Bioresour Technol 99:8685–8690

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Boving TB, Klement J, Rowell R, Xing B (2008) Effectiveness of wood and bark in removing organic and inorganic contaminates from aqueous solution. Mol Cryst Liq Cryst 483:339–347

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Brown P, Jefcoat IA, Parrish D, Gill S, Graham E (2000) Evaluation of the adsorptive capacity of peanut hull pellets for heavy metals in solution. Adv Environ Res 4:19–29

    Google Scholar 

  31. Chamarthy S, Chung WS, Marshall WE (2001) Adsorption of selected toxic heavy metals by modified peanut shells. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 76:593–597

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  32. Chojnacka K (2005) Biosorption of Cr ions by egg shells. J Hazard Mater 121:167–173

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  33. Choudhari D, Sharma D, Phadnis A (2013) Heavy metal remediation of wastewater by agrowastes. Eur Chem Bull 2(11):880–886

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. Chubar N, Carvalho JR, Correia N (2004) Heavy metal biosorption on cork biomass: effect of the pre-treatment. Colloid Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 238:51–58

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Crini G (2006) Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. Bioresour Technol 97(9):1061–1085

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. Dahiya S, Tripathi RM, Hegde AG (2008) Biosorption of heavy metals and radionuclide from aqueous solution by pre-treated Arca shell biomass. J Hazard Mater 150:376–386

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Daifullah AAM, Girgis BS, Gad HMH (2003) Utilization of agro residues (rice husk) in small wastewater treatment plants. Mater Lett 57:1723–1731

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Das N, Karthika P, Vimala R, Vinodhini V (2008) Use of natural products as biosorbent of heavy metals: an overview. Nat Prod Radiance 7:133–138

    Google Scholar 

  39. Demirbas A (2008) Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: a review. J Hazard Mater 157:220–229

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. Demirbas A (2009) Agricultural based activated carbons for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions: a review. J Hazard Mater 167:1–9

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Deniz F (2013) Adsorption properties of low-cost biomaterial derived from Prunus amygdalus L. for dye removal from water. Sci World J 2013:9616–9671

    Google Scholar 

  42. Dhankhar R, Hooda A (2011) Fungal biosorption—an alternative to meet the challenges of heavy metal pollution in aqueous solutions. Environ Technol 32:467–491

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. Dupont D, Bouanda J, Dumonceau J, Aplincourt M (2005) Biosorption of Cu(II) and Zn(II) onto a lignocellulosic substrate extracted from wheat bran. Environ Chem Lett 2:165–168

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Eberhardt TL, Min S (2008) Biosorbents prepared from wood particles treated with anionic polymer and iron salt: effect of particle size on phosphate adsorption. Bioresour Technol 99:626–630

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  45. Egila JN, Dauda BEN, Iyaka YA, Jimoh T (2011) Agricultural waste as a low cost adsorbent for heavy metal removal from wastewater. Int J Phys Sci 6(8):2152–2157

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Elangovan R, Philip L, Chandraraj K (2008) Biosorption of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by palm flower (Borassus aethiopium). Chem Eng J 141:99–111

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. El-Ashtoukhy ESZ, Amina NK, Abdelwahab O (2008) Removal of lead(II) and copper(II) from aqueous solution using pomegranate peel as a new adsorbent. Desalination 223:162–173

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  48. El-Sayed GO, Dessouki HA, Ibrahiem SS (2011) Removal of Zn, Cd and Mn from aqueous solutions by adsorption on maize stalks. Malays J Anal Sci 15:8–21

    Google Scholar 

  49. El-Sheikh Sweileh JA (2008) Sorption of trace metals on fish scales and application for lead and cadmium pre-concentration with flame atomic absorption determination. Jordan J Chem 3:87–97

    Google Scholar 

  50. Ertugay N, Bayhan YK (2010) The removal of copper (II) ion by using mushroom biomass (Agaricus bisporus) and kinetic modeling. Desalination 255:137–142

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  51. Eslamzadeh T, Bonakdar N, Zamani A, Esmaail M (2004) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by carrot residues. Iran J Sci Technol Trans A 28:161–167

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. Farooq U, Kozinski JA, Khan MA, Athar M (2010) Biosorption of heavy metal ions using wheat based biosorbents—a review of the recent literature. Bioresour Technol 101:5043–5053

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  53. Fayemiwo KA, Awojide OH, Tolu G (2013) Comparative analysis of two low cost metal adsorbents (rice husk and sawdust). Int J Eng Sci Technol 5:1245–1248

    Google Scholar 

  54. Fiol N, Villaescusa I, Martinez M, Miralles N, Poch J, Serarols J (2006) Sorption of Pb, Ni, Cu and Cd from aqueous solutions by olive stone waste. Sep Purif Technol 50:132–140

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  55. Gaikwad RW (2004) Removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution by activated charcoal derived from coconut shell. Electron J Environ Agric Food Chem 3:702–709

    Google Scholar 

  56. Gamage A, Shahidi F (2007) Use of chitosan for the removal of metal ion contaminants and proteins from water. Food Chem 104:989–996

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  57. Gandhi N, Sirish D, Chandra Shekar KB, Asthana S (2012) Removal of fluoride from water and waste water by using low cost adsorbents. Int J Chem Tech Res 4:1646–1653

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  58. Gao H, Liu YG, Zeng GM, Xu WH, Li T, Xia WB (2008) Characterization of Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions by a surplus agricultural waste—rice straw. J Hazard Mater 150:446–452

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  59. Garg UK, Kaur MP, Garg VK, Sud D (2007) Removal of hexavalent Cr from aqueous solution by agricultural waste biomass. J Hazard Mater 140:60–68

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  60. Ghimire KN, Inoue K, Yamaguchi H, Makino K, Miyajima T (2003) Adsorptive separation of arsenate and arsenite anions from aqueous medium by using orange waste. Water Res 37:4945–4953

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  61. Gönen F, Serin DS (2012) Adsorption study on orange peel: removal of Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution. Afr J Biotechnol 11(5):1250–1258

    Google Scholar 

  62. Gopalakrishnan S, Kannadasan T, Velmurugan S, Muthu S, Vinoth KP (2013) Biosorption of chromium(VI) from industrial effluent using neem leaf adsorbent. Res J Chem Sci 3(4):48–53

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  63. Gowda R, Nataraj AG, Rao NM (2012) Coconut leaves as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of nickel from electroplating effluents. Int J Sci Eng Res 2:1–5

    Google Scholar 

  64. Grimm A, Zanzi R, Bjornborm E, Cukierman AL (2008) Comparison of different types of biomass for copper biosorption. Bioresour Technol 99:2559–2565

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  65. Gupta S, Babu BV (2006) Adsorption of Cr(VI) by a low-cost adsorbent prepared from neem leaves. Environ Eng Proceedings of National Conference on Environmental Conservation, pp. 175–180.

  66. Gupta VK, Carrott PJM, Ribeiro Carrott MML (2009) Low-cost adsorbents: growing approach for wastewater treatment—a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 39:783–842

    Google Scholar 

  67. Gutha Y, Munagapati VS, Alla SR, Abburi K (2011) Biosorptive removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solution by Caesalpinia bonducella seed powder. Sep Sci Technol 46:2291–2297

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  68. Han R, Zhang J, Zou W, Xiao H, Shi J, Liu H (2006) Biosorption of copper(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solution by chaff in a fixed-bed column. J Hazard Mater B 133:262–268

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  69. Han R, Zou W, Yu W, Cheng S, Wang Y, Shi J (2007) Biosorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by fallen phoenix tree's leaves tree's leaves. J Hazard Mater 141:156–162

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  70. Hanif MA, Nadeema R, Bhatti HN, Ahmada NR, Ansari TM (2007) Ni(II) biosorption by Cassia fistula (golden shower) biomass. J Hazard Mater B 139:345–355

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  71. Hasar H, Cuci Y, Obek E, Fatih-Dilekoglu M (2003) Removal of Zn By activated carbon prepared from almond husks under different conditions. Adsorpt Sci Technol 21:799–808

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  72. Hidalgo-Vázquez AR, Alfaro-Cuevas-Villanueva R, Márquez-Benavides L, Cortés-Martínez R (2011) Cadmium and lead removal from aqueous solutions using pine sawdust as biosorbent. J Appl Sci Environ Sanitation 6:447–462

    Google Scholar 

  73. Ho YS, Ofomaja AE (2006a) Biosorption thermodynamics of cadmium on coconut copra meal as biosorbents. Biochem Eng J 30:117–123

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  74. Ho Y, Ofomaja AE (2006b) Kinetic studies of copper ion adsorption on palm kernel fibre. J Hazard Mater B137:1796–1802

    Google Scholar 

  75. Ho YS, Chiang TH, Hsueh YM (2005) Removal of basic dye from aqueous solution using tree fern as a biosorbents. Process Biochem 40:119–124

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  76. Horsfall MJ, Abia AA, Spiff AI (2006) Kinetic studies on the adsorption of Cd, Cu and Zn ions from aqueous solutions by cassava (Manihot esculenta) tuber bark waste. Bioresour Technol 97:283–291

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  77. Iakovleva E, Sillanpää M (2013) The use of low-cost adsorbents for wastewater purification in mining industries. Environ Sci Pollut Res. doi:10.1007/s11356-013-1546-8

    Google Scholar 

  78. Igwe JC, Abia AA, Ibeh CA (2008) Adsorption kinetics and intraparticulate diffusivities of Hg, As and Pb ions on unmodified and thiolated coconut fiber. Int J Environ Sci Technol 5:83–92

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  79. Issabayeva G, Aroua MK, Suleiman NMN (2006) Removal of lead from aqueous solution from palm shell activated carbon. Bioresour Technol 97:2350–2355

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  80. Jacques RA, Lima EC, Dias SLP, Mazzocato AC, Pavan FA (2007) Yellow passion-fruit shell as biosorbent to remove Cr(III) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution. Sep Purif Technol 57:193–198

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  81. Jain N, Joshi HC, Dutta SC, Kumar S, Pathak H (2008) Biosorption of Cu, from wastewater using Jatropha seed coat. J Sci Ind Res 67:154–160

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  82. Johnson TA, Jain N, Joshi HC, Prasad S (2008) Agricultural and agro-processing wastes as low cost adsorbents for metal removal from wastewater. A review. J Sci Ind Res 67:647–658

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  83. Kahraman S, Dogan N, Erdemoglu S (2008) Use of various agricultural wastes for the removal of heavy metal ions. Int J Environ Pollut 34:275–284

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  84. Kanawade SM, Gaikwad RW, Misal SA (2010) Low cost sugarcane bagasse ash as an adsorbent for dye removal from dye effluent. Int J Chem Eng Appl 1:309–318

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  85. Kannan K, Senthilkumar K, Akilamudhan P, Sangeetha V, Manikandan B (2012) Studies on effectiveness of low cost adsorbents in continuous column for textile effluents. Int J Biosci Biochem Bioinforma 2:398–402

    Google Scholar 

  86. Khaled A, El Nemr A, El-Sikaily A, Abdelwahab O (2009) Treatment of artificial textile dye effluent containing Direct Yellow 12 by orange peel carbon. Desalination 238:210–232

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  87. Khormaei M, Nasernejad B, Edrisi M, Eslamzadeh T (2007) Copper biosorption from aqueous solutions by sour orange residue. J Hazard Mater 149:269–274

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  88. Kobya M (2004) Removal of Cr from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto hazelnut shell activated carbon: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Bioresour Technol 91:317–321

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  89. Kuchekar SR, Gaikwad VB, Sonawane DV, Lawande SP (2011) Adsorption of Pb(II) ions on Tamarindous indica seeds as a low cost abundantly available natural adsorbent. Chem Sin 2(6):281–287

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  90. Kumar U (2006) Agricultural products and by-products as a low cost adsorbent for heavy metal removal from water and wastewater: a review. Sci Res Essay 1(2):33–37

    Google Scholar 

  91. Kumar U (2013) Agricultural products and by-products as a low cost adsorbent for heavy metal removal from water and wastewater: a review. Sci Res Creat 1(1):1–5

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  92. Kumar U, Bandyopadhyaya M (2006) Sorption of Cd from aqueous solution using pre-treated rice husk. Bioresour Technol 97:104–109

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  93. Kumari P, Sharma P, Srivastava S, Srivastava MM (2006) Biosorption studies on shelled Moringa oleifera lamarck seed powder: removal and recovery of arsenic from aqueous system. Int J Miner Process 78:131–139

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  94. Kumita M, Hossain MA, Michigami Y, Mori S (2005) Optimization of parameters for Cr adsorption on used black tea leaves. Adsorption 11:561–568

    Google Scholar 

  95. Kurniawan TA, Chan GYS, Lo W, Babel S (2006) Comparisons of low-cost adsorbents for treating wastewaters laden with heavy metals. Sci Total Environ 366:409–426

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  96. Kyzas GZ (2012) Commercial coffee wastes as materials for adsorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Materials 5:1826–1840

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  97. Kyzas GZ, Lazaridis NK, Mitropoulos AC (2012) Removal of dyes from aqueous solutions with untreated coffee residues as potential low-cost adsorbents: equilibrium, reuse and thermodynamic approach. Chem Eng J 189–190:148–159

    Google Scholar 

  98. Lee HJ, Lee BG, Shin DY, Park H (2008) Effect of different chemical and physical characteristic having lignocellulosic fibers on heavy metal ion removal from aqueous solution. Mater Sci Forum 569:285–288

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  99. Lesmana SO, Febriana N, Soetaredjo FE, Sunarso J, Ismadji S (2009) Studies on potential applications of biomass for the separation of heavy metals from water and wastewater. Biochem Eng J 44:19–41

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  100. Li W, Zhang L, Penga J, Li N, Zhang S, Guo S (2008) Tobacco stems as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of Pb(II) from wastewater: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Ind Crops Prod 28:294–302

    Google Scholar 

  101. Lin LC, Li JK, Juang RS (2008) Removal of Cu(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions using batch and fixed-bed ion exchange processes. Desalination 225:249–259

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  102. Liu H, Donga Y, Liu Y, Wang H (2010) Screening of novel low-cost adsorbents from agricultural residues to remove ammonia nitrogen from aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 178:1132–1136

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  103. Low KS, Lee CK, Lee KP (1993) Sorption of Cu bye dye treated oil palm fibers. Bioresour Technol 44:109-112

    Google Scholar 

  104. Malik UR, Hasany SM, Sabhani MS (2005) Sorptive potential of sunflower stem for Cr ions from aqueous solutions and its kinetic and thermodynamic profile. Talanta 66:166–173

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  105. Malkoc E, Nuhoglu Y (2005) Investigations of Ni removal from aqueous solutions using tea factory waste. J Hazard Mater 127:120–128

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  106. Malkoc E, Nuhoglu Y, Dundar M (2006) Adsorption of Cr on pomace—an olive oil industry waste: batch and column studies. J Hazard Mater 138:142–151

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  107. Martin-Lara MA, Pagnanelli F, Mainelli S, Calero M, Toro L (2008) Chemical treatment of olive pomace: effect on acid–basic properties and metal biosorption capacity. J Hazard Mater 156:448–457

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  108. Mathpala S, Joshi P, Loshali R, Chandra B, Chandra N, Kandpal ND (2011) Usefulness of biomaterial prepared from dry leaves of Pinus gerardiana in the removal of nickel(II) from aqueous solution. J Chem Pharm Res 3(4):452–459

    Google Scholar 

  109. Meunier N, Jerome L, Jean-Francois B, Tyagi RD (2003) Cocoa shells for heavy metal removal from acidic solutions. Bioresour Technol 90:255–263

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  110. Mohan D, Singh KP (2002) Single and multi-component adsorption of Cd and Zn using activated carbon derived from bagasse—an agricultural waste. Water Res 36:2304–2318

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  111. Mohan S, Sreelakshmi G (2008) Fixed bed column study for heavy metal removal using phosphate treated rice husk. J Hazard Mater 153:75–82

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  112. Mohd Din AT, Hameed BH, Ahmad AL (2009) Batch adsorption of phenol onto physiochemical-activated coconut shell. J Hazard Mater 161:1522–1529

    Google Scholar 

  113. Mustafiz S, Rahaman MS, Kelly D, Tango M, Islam MR (2003) The Application of fish scales in removing heavy metals from energy-produced waste streams: the role of microbes. Energy Sources 25:905–916

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  114. Niu HC, Volesky B (2006) Biosorption of chromate and vanadate species with waste crab shells. Hydrometallurgy 84:28–36

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  115. Nomanbhay SM, Palanisamy K (2005) Removal of heavy metal from industrial wastewater using chitosan coated oil palm shell charcoal. Electron J Biotechnol 8:43–53

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  116. Oboh IO, Aluyor EO, Audu TOK (2009) Use of Chrysophyllum albidum for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solution. Sci Res Essay 4(6):632–635

    Google Scholar 

  117. Ofomaja AE, Ho YS (2007) Effect of pH on cadmium biosorption by coconut copra meal. J Hazard Mater 139:356–362

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  118. Ofomaja AE, Naidoo EB, Modise SJ (2010a) Kinetic and pseudo-second-order modeling of lead biosorption onto pine cone powder. Ind Eng Chem Res 49:562–2572

    Google Scholar 

  119. Ofomaja AE, Unuabonah EI, Oladoja NA (2010b) Competitive modeling for the biosorptive removal of copper and lead ions from aqueous solution by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol 101:3844–3852

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  120. Ogali RE, Akaranta O, Aririguzo VO (2008) Removal of some metal ions from aqueous solution using orange mesocarp. Afr J Biotechnol 7:3073–3076

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  121. Okafor PC, Okon PU, Daniel EF, Ebenso EE (2012) Adsorption capacity of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) shell for lead, copper, cadmium and arsenic from aqueous solutions. Int J Electrochem Sci 7:12354–12369

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  122. Olayinka KO, Alo BI, Adu T (2007) Sorption of heavy metals from electroplating effluents by low-cost adsorbents II: use of waste tea, coconut shell and coconut husk. J Appl Sci 7:2307–2313

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  123. Oliveira EA, Montanher SF, Andrade AD, Nobrega JA, Rollenberg MC (2005) Equilibrium studies for the sorption of chromium and nickel from aqueous solutions using raw rice bran. Process Biochem 40(3485–3):490

    Google Scholar 

  124. Orlando S, Baes AU, Nishijima W, Okada M (2002) Preparation of agricultural residue anion exchangers and its nitrate maximum adsorption capacity. Chemosphere 48:1041–1046

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  125. Osman HE, Badwy RK, Ahmad HF (2010) Usage of some agricultural by-products in the removal of some heavy metals from industrial wastewater. J Phytol 2:51–62

    Google Scholar 

  126. Osobamiro MT, Adewuyi OO (2012) Biosorption of Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions from waste water using coconut husk and beans chaffs. Cont J Environ Sci 6(3):1–7

    Google Scholar 

  127. Parihar A, Malaviya P (2013) Textile wastewater treatment using sawdust as adsorbent. Intl J Environ Sci 2:110–113

    Google Scholar 

  128. Pavan FA, Lima EC, Dias SLP, Mazzocato AC (2008) Methylene blue biosorption from aqueous solutions by yellow passion fruit waste. J Hazard Mater 150:703–712

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  129. Pavasant P, Apiratikul R, Sungkhum V, Suthiparinyanont P, Wattanachira S, Marhaba TF (2006) Biosorption of Cu2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+ using dried marine green macroalga Caulerpa lentillifera. Bioresour Technol 97:2321–2329

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  130. Pehlivan E, Altun T (2008) Biosorption of chromium(VI) ion from aqueous solutions using walnut, hazelnut and almond shell. J Hazard Mater 155:378–384

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  131. Pehlivan E, Cetin S, Yanik BH (2006) Equilibrium studies for the sorption of Zn aand Cu from aqueous solutions using sugarbeet pulp and fly ash. J Hazard Mater 135:193–199

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  132. Pino GH, de Mesquita LMS, Torem ML (2006a) Biosorption of heavy metals by powder of green coconut shell. Sep Sci Technol 4:3141–3153

    Google Scholar 

  133. Pino GH, Mesquita LMS, Torem ML, Pinto GAS (2006b) Biosorption of cadmium by green coconut shell powder. Miner Eng 19:380–387

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  134. Prabu K, Shankarlal S, Natarajan E (2012) A biosorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using fish scale (Catla catla). World J Fish Mar Sci 4(1):73–77

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  135. Qaiser S, Saleemi A, Ahmad R, Mahmood M (2007) Heavy metal uptake by agro based waste materials. Electron J Biotechnol 10:409–416

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  136. Qaiser S, Saleemi AR, Umar M (2009) Biosorption of lead from aqueous solution by Ficus religiosa leaves: batch and column study. J Hazard Mater 166:998–1005

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  137. Rao RAK, Khan NA (2007) Removal and recovery of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from single and multimetal systems by batch and column operation on neem oil cake (NOC). Sep Purif Technol 57:394–402

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  138. Rao KS, Anand S, Venkateswarlu P (2011) Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by Ficus religiosa leaf powder and characterization of loaded biosorbent. Clean Soil Air Water 39:384–391

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  139. Rathnakumar S, Sheeja RY, Murugesan T (2009) Removal of copper(II) from aqueous solutions using teak (Tectona grandis) leaves. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 56:880–884

    Google Scholar 

  140. Renge VC, Khedkar SV, Shraddha V (2012) Removal of heavy metals from wastewater using low cost adsorbents: a review. Sci Rev Chem Commun 2(4):580–584

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  141. Robinson T, Chandran B, Nigam P (2002) Removal of dyes from a synthetic textile dye effluent by biosorption on apple pomace and wheat straw. Water Res 36:2824–2830

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  142. Romero LC, Bonomo A, Gonzo EE (2004) Peanut shell activated carbon: adsorption capacities for Cu, Zn, Ni and Cr ions from aqueous solutions. Adsorption Sci Technol 22:237–243

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  143. Rozaini CA, Jain K, Oo CW, Tan KW, Tan LS, Azraa A, Tong KS (2010) Optimization of nickel and copper ions removal by modified mangrove barks. Int J Chem Eng Appl 1:84–89

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  144. Saeed A, Iqbal M, Akhtar MW (2005) Removal and recovery of lead (II) from single and multimetal (Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn) solutions by crop milling waste (black gram husk). J Hazard Mater 117:65–73

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  145. Sankaran S, Khanal SK, Jasti N, Jin B, Pometto AL, Van Leeuwen JH (2010) Use of filamentous fungi for wastewater treatment and production of high value fungal byproducts: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 40:400–449

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  146. Schiewer S, Patil SB (2008) Pectin-rich fruit wastes as biosorbents for heavy metal removal: equilibrium and kinetics. Bioresour Technol 99:1896–1903

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  147. Šćiban M, Kukić D, Prodanović J (2013) Potential of agro-based waste materials as adsorbents of heavy metal ions from water. Report Sustain 325–329.

  148. Sciban M, Klasnja M (2004) Wood sawdust and wood originate materials as adsorbents for heavy metal ions. Holz Roh Werkst 62:69–73

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  149. Sciban M, Radetic B, Keveresan Z, Klasnja M (2007) Adsorption of heavy metals from electroplating wastewater by wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol 98:402–409

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  150. Seki K, Saito N, Aoyama M (1997) Removal of heavy metal ions from solutions by coniferous barks. Wood Sci Technol 31:441-447

    Google Scholar 

  151. Senthilkumaar S, Bharathi S, Nithyanandhi D, Subburam V (2000) Biosorption of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Bioresour Technol 75:163–165

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  152. Shaban AM, Kamal MM, Kenawy N, Manakhly HE (2009) Role of interior structure of agro and non-agro materials for industrial wastewater treatment. J Appl Sci Res 5(8):978–985

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  153. Shareef KM (2009) Sorbents for contaminant uptake from aqueous solutions. Part 1: heavy metals. World J Agric Sci 5:819–831

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  154. Shareef Surchi KM (2011) Agricultural wastes as low cost adsorbents for Pb removal: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. Int J Chem 3:103–112

    Google Scholar 

  155. Sharma A, Bhattacharyya KG (2004) Adsorption of chromium(VI) on Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf powder. Adsorption 10:327–338

    Google Scholar 

  156. Sharma A, Bhattacharyya KG (2005) Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf powder as a biosorbent for removal of Cd(II) from aqueous medium. J Hazard Mater B 125:102–112

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  157. Sharma PK, Ayub S, Tripathi CN (2013) Agro and horticultural wastes as low cost adsorbents for removal of heavy metals from wastewater: a review. Int Refereed J Eng Sci 2:18–27

    Google Scholar 

  158. Shukla SR, Roshan PS (2005) Removal of Pb(II) from solution using cellulose-containing materials. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 80:176–183

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  159. Shukla SR, Pai S, Shendarkar AD (2006) Adsorption of Ni, Zn, Fe on modified coir fibers. Sep Purif Technol 47:141–147

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  160. Singh KK, Talat M, Hasan H (2006a) Low cost biosorbent ‘wheat bran’ for the removal of Cd(II) from wastewater: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Bioresour Technol 97:994–1001

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  161. Singh KK, Talat M, Hasan H (2006b) Removal of Pb from aqueous solutions by agricultural waste maize bran. Bioresour Technol 97:2124–2130

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  162. Slaiman QJM, Haweel CK, Abdulmajeed YR (2010) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using biosorption onto bamboo. Iraqi J Chem Petroleum Eng 11:23–32

    Google Scholar 

  163. Sud D, Mahajan G, Kaur MP (2008) Agricultural waste material as potential adsorbent for sequestering heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions—a review. Bioresour Technol 99:6017–6027

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  164. Sudha S, Giri Dev VR (2007) Low cost adsorbents—an overview. Synth Fibres 36:5–9

    Google Scholar 

  165. Sulaiman QJM, Haweel CK, Abdulmajeed YR (2010) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using biosorption on to bamboo. Iraq J Chem Pet Eng 11:23–32

    Google Scholar 

  166. Sulaiman O, Ghani NS, Rafatullah M, Rokiah H (2011) Removal of zinc(II) ions from aqueous solutions using surfactant modified bamboo sawdust. Sep Sci Technol 46:2275–2282

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  167. Sun G, Shi W (1998) Sunflower stalks as adsorbents for the removal of metal ions from wastewater. Ind Eng Chem Res 37:1324–1328

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  168. Sun G, Xu X (1997) Sunflower stalks as adsorbents for color removal from textile wastewater. Ind Eng Chem Res 36:808–812

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  169. Urík M, Littera P, Ševc J, Kolenčík M, Čerňanský S (2009) Removal of arsenic(V) from aqueous solutions using chemically modified sawdust of spruce (Picea abies): kinetics and isotherm studies. Int J Environ Sci Technol 6(3):451–456

    Google Scholar 

  170. Vaishnav V, Chandra S, Daga K (2011) Adsorption studies of Zn(II) ions from wastewater using Calotropis procera as an adsorbent. Int J Sci Eng Res 2:1–6

    Google Scholar 

  171. Velmurugan P, Rathina kV, Dhinakaran G (2011) Dye removal from aqueous solution using low cost adsorbent. Int J Environ Sci 1:1493–1503

    Google Scholar 

  172. Verma A, Chakraborty S, Basu JK (2006) Adsorption study of hexavalent chromium using tamarind hull-based adsorbents. Sep Purif Technol 50:336–341

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  173. Vijayaraghavan K, Palanivelu K, Velan M (2006) Biosorption of copper(II) and cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions by crab shell particles. Bioresour Technol 97:1411–1419

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  174. Visekruna A, Štrkalj A, Pajc LM (2011) The use of low cost adsorbents for purification wastewater. Holist Approach Environ 1:29–37

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  175. Wafwoyo W, Chung WS, Marshall WE (1999) Utilization of peanut shells as adsorbents for selected metals. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 74:1117–1121

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  176. Wan Ngah WS, Hanafiah MAKM (2008) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: a review. Bioresour Technol 99:3935–3948

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  177. Wang J, Chen C (2009) Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their future. Biotechnol Adv 27:195–226

    Google Scholar 

  178. Wang XS, Qin Y, Li ZF (2006) Biosorption of zinc from aqueous solutions by rice bran: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Sep Sci Technol 41:747–756

    Google Scholar 

  179. Wang FY, Wang H, Ma JW (2010) Adsorption of cadmium(II) ions from aqueous solution by a new low-cost adsorbent—bamboo charcoal. J Hazard Mater 177:300–306

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  180. Wang S, Wei M, Huang Y (2013) Biosorption of multifold toxic heavy metal ions from aqueous water onto food residue eggshell membrane functionalized with ammonium thioglycolate. J Agric Food Chem 61(21):4988–4996

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  181. Weng C, Wu Y (2012) Potential low-cost biosorbent for copper removal: pineapple leaf powder. J Environ Eng Spec Issue Adv Res Dev Sust Environ Technol 138:286–292

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  182. Wilson K, Yang H, Seo CW, Marshall WE (2006) Select metal adsorption by activated carbon made from peanut shells. Bioresour Technol 97:2266–2270

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  183. Wong KK, Lee CK, Low KS, Haron MJ (2003) Removal of Cu and Pb by tartaric acid modified rice husk from aqueous solution. Chemosphere 50:23–28

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  184. Xuan ZX, Tang YR, Li XM, Liu YH, Luo F (2006) Study on the equilibrium, kinetics and isotherm of biosorption of lead ions onto pretreated chemically modified orange peel. Biochem Eng J 31:160–164

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  185. Zhou D, Zhang L, Zhou J, Guo S (2004) Development of a fixed-bed column with cellulose/chitin beads to remove heavy-metal ions. J Appl Polym Sci 94:684–691

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  186. Zuorro A, Lavecchia R (2010) Adsorption of Pb(II) on spent leaves of green and black tea. Amer J Appl Sci 7:153–159

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  187. Zuorro A, Lavecchia R, Medici F, Piga L (2013) Spent tea leaves as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of azo dyes from wastewater. Chem Eng Trans 32:19–24

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The financial assistance from Department of Science and Technology is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bhupinder Dhir.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dhir, B. Potential of biological materials for removing heavy metals from wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21, 1614–1627 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2230-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Agricultural residues
  • Biological materials
  • Heavy metals
  • Wastewater