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Elicitors as alternative strategy to pesticides in grapevine? Current knowledge on their mode of action from controlled conditions to vineyard

Abstract

Development and optimisation of alternative strategies to reduce the use of classic chemical inputs for protection against diseases in vineyard is becoming a necessity. Among these strategies, one of the most promising consists in the stimulation and/or potentiation of the grapevine defence responses by the means of elicitors. Elicitors are highly diverse molecules both in nature and origins. This review aims at providing an overview of the current knowledge on these molecules and will highlight their potential efficacy from the laboratory in controlled conditions to vineyards. Recent findings and concepts (especially on plant innate immunity) and the new terminology (microbe-associated molecular patterns, effectors, etc.) are also discussed in this context. Other objectives of this review are to highlight the difficulty of transferring elicitors use and results from the controlled conditions to the vineyard, to determine their practical and effective use in viticulture and to propose ideas for improving their efficacy in non-controlled conditions.

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Acknowledgments

Bertrand Delaunois PhD thesis was supported through the project VINEAL2 by the ‘Region Champagne Ardenne’ and by ‘Comité Champagne’ (Epernay, France). Giovanni Farace post-doctoral position was funded by the INTERREG IV program France-Wallonie-Vlaanderen (Phytobio project). We are grateful to Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin (Bordeaux, France) and to Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne (Beaune, France) for experimental data on fogging station and vineyard trials, respectively.

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Correspondence to Stéphan Dorey.

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Bertrand Delaunois, Giovanni Farace, Stéphan Dorey and Sylvain Cordelier contributed equally to the work.

Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Delaunois, B., Farace, G., Jeandet, P. et al. Elicitors as alternative strategy to pesticides in grapevine? Current knowledge on their mode of action from controlled conditions to vineyard. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21, 4837–4846 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1841-4

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Keywords

  • Elicitor
  • MAMP
  • Plant innate immunity
  • Induced resistance
  • Grapevine
  • Plant pathogens