Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 3743–3750

Lead accumulation and association with Fe on Typha latifolia root from an urban brownfield site

  • Huan Feng
  • Yu Qian
  • Frank J. Gallagher
  • Meiyin Wu
  • Weiguo Zhang
  • Lizhong Yu
  • Qingzhi Zhu
  • Kewei Zhang
  • Chang-Jun Liu
  • Ryan Tappero
Research Article

Abstract

Synchrotron X-ray microfluorescence and X-ray absorption near-edge microstructure spectroscopy techniques were applied to Typha latifolia (cattail) root sections and rhizosphere soils collected from a brownfield site in New Jersey to investigate lead (Pb) accumulation in T. latifolia roots and the role of iron (Fe) plaque in controlling Pb uptake. We found that Pb and Fe spatial distribution patterns in the root tissues are similar with both metals present at high concentrations mainly in the epidermis and at low concentrations in the vascular tissue (xylem and phloem), and the major Pb and Fe species in T. latifolia root are Pb(II) and Fe(III) regardless of concentration levels. The sequestration of Pb by T. latifolia roots suggests a potential low-cost remediation method (phytostabilization) to manage Pb-contaminated sediments for brownfield remediation while performing wetland rehabilitation.

Keywords

Brownfield Iron plaque Lead contamination Synchrotron technique Wetland plant Typha latifolia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huan Feng
    • 1
  • Yu Qian
    • 1
  • Frank J. Gallagher
    • 2
  • Meiyin Wu
    • 3
  • Weiguo Zhang
    • 4
  • Lizhong Yu
    • 4
  • Qingzhi Zhu
    • 5
  • Kewei Zhang
    • 6
  • Chang-Jun Liu
    • 6
  • Ryan Tappero
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental StudiesMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA
  2. 2.Urban Forestry Program, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Natural Resources, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biology and MicrobiologyMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal ResearchEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA
  6. 6.Department of BiologyBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  7. 7.Photon Sciences DirectorateBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA

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