Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 19, Issue 8, pp 3250–3256 | Cite as

Biosorption of cadmium(II) and copper(II) ions from aqueous solution by core of Artocarpus odoratissimus

  • Linda B. L. Lim
  • Namal PriyanthaEmail author
  • D. T. B. Tennakoon
  • Muhd Khairud Dahri
Research Article



This research is on the evaluation of biosorption capability of the core of Artocarpus odoratissimus (Tarap), grown in Brunei Darussalam, towards Cd(II) and Cu(II) ions present in synthetic solutions, and to characterize the surface of Tarap particles.


Thermogravimetric analysis and surface titrations were conducted to characterize the surface of dried Tarap core particles. Atomic absorption spectroscopic measurements were conducted to determine the extent of removal of Cd(II) and Cu(II) under different experimental conditions.


Mass reductions associated with many exothermic reaction peaks were observed beyond 200°C up to 650°C indicating the combustion of organic matter in Tarap. Dried particles of core of Tarap bear a negative surface charge promoting strong interaction towards positively charged ions, such as Cu(II) and Cd(II). Biosorption of the two metal ions on Tarap, which is relatively high beyond pH = 4, occurs within a short period of exposure time. The extent of biosorption is enhanced by acid treatment of the biosorbent, and further it does not significantly depend on the presence of nonreacting ions up to an ionic strength of 2.0 M.


Strong attraction between each metal ion and the biosorbent is attributed to the negative surface charge on the biosorbent within a broad pH range. Acid treatment of the biosorbent improves sorption characteristics, suggesting that ion exchange plays an important role in the metal ion—biosorbent interaction process.


Biosorption Artocarpus odoratissimus Copper Cadmium Surface titration 



The authors wish to thank the Universiti Brunei Darussalam for providing financial assistance through the research grant numbered, UBD/PNC2/2/RG/1(165).


  1. Abia AA, Asuquo ED (2006) Lead(II) and nickel(II) adsorption kinetics from aqueous metal solutions using chemically modified and unmodified agricultural adsorbents. African J Biotechnol 5(16):1475–1482Google Scholar
  2. Arfaoui S, Frini-Srasra N, Srasra E (2008) Modelling of the adsorption of the chromium ion by modified clays. Desalination 222(1–3):474–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dean SA, Tobin JM (1999) Uptake of chromium cations and anions by milled peat. Res Conserv Recycl 27:151–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Demirbas A (2008) Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: a review. J Hazard Mater 157:220–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Inbaraj BS, Sulochana N (2004) Carbonised jackfruit peel as an adsorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 94:49–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kannan N, Veemaraj T (2010) Cadmium(II) ions removal by adsorption onto Eucalyptus globules bark, Bambusa glaucescens dust and commercial activated carbons. E J Environ Agri Food Chem 9(1):129–137Google Scholar
  7. Lezcano JM, Gonzalez F, Ballester A, Blazquez ML, Munoz JA, Garcia-Balboa C (2010) Biosorption of Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) using different residual biomass. Chem Ecol 26(1):1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Liu Z, Zhou L, Wei P, Zeng K, Wen C, Lan H (2008) Competitive adsorption of heavy metal ions on peat. J China Univ Mining Technol 18:255–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ngah WSW, Hanafiah MA (2007) Removal of heavy metal ions from waste water by chemically modified plant wastes adsorbents: a review. Bioresour Technol 99:3935–3948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ong SA, Seng CE, Lim PE (2007) Kinetics of adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution on rice husk and modified rice husk. E J Environ Agri Food Chem 2:1764–1774Google Scholar
  11. Ong SA, Toorisaka E, Hirata M, Hano T (2010) Adsorption and toxicity of heavy metals on activated sludge. Sci Asia 36:204–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Patron-Prado M, Acosta-Vargas B, Serviere-Zaragoza E, Mendez-Rodriguez LC (2010) Copper and cadmium biosorption by dried seaweed Sargassum sinicola in saline waste water. Water Air Soil Pollut 210:197–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pehlivan E, Altun T (2008) Biosorption of chromium(VI) ion from aqueous solutions using walnut, hazelnut and almond shell. J Hazard Mater 155(1–2):378–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Priyantha N, Bandaranayaka A (2011) Investigation of kinetics of Cr(VI)-fired brick clay interaction. J Hazard Mater 188:193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Priyantha N, Seneviratne C, Gunathilake P, Weerasooriya R (2009) Adsorption behavior of fluoride at normal brick (NB)—water interface. Int J Environ Protec Sci 3:140–146Google Scholar
  16. Rudzinski W, Plazinski W (2010) Adsorption 16:351–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Saikaew W, Kaewarn P, Saikaew W (2009) Pomelo peel: agricultural waste for biosorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 56:287–291Google Scholar
  18. Seneviratne C, Priyantha N (2009) Correlation between firing temperature and defluoridation capacity of brick clay. Int J Global Environ Issues 9:239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Senthilkumar S, Bharathi S, Nithyanandhi D, Subburam V (2000) Biosorption of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Bioresour Technol 75:163–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Thirumavalavan M, Lai Y-L, Lin L-C, Lee J-F (2010) Cellulose-based native and surface modified fruit peels for the adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution: Langmuir adsorption isotherms. J Chem Eng Data 55:1186–1192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yang C, Wang J, Lei M, Xie G, Zeng G, Luo S (2010) Biosorption of zinc(II) from aqueous solution by dried activated sludge. J Environ Sci 22(5):675–680CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda B. L. Lim
    • 1
  • Namal Priyantha
    • 2
    Email author
  • D. T. B. Tennakoon
    • 1
  • Muhd Khairud Dahri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Brunei DarussalamNegaraBrunei Darussalam
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniverisity of PeradeniyaPeradeniyaSri Lanka

Personalised recommendations