Landscape and Ecological Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 101–109 | Cite as

Effects of traditional vegetation usage and management on the growth of facilitator keystone species in a moist tall grassland

Original Paper

Abstract

To reveal the influence of traditional management measures on the growth of Ischaemum aristatum var. glaucum, whose facilitation effects on plant species diversity have been addressed in our previous studies, experimental winter-mowing and burning treatments were implemented in Ukishima Marsh, a conservationally important freshwater lowland reed marsh of eastern Japan. Comparison of environmental conditions among burnt, mown, and control zones revealed that winter burning, which was even more effective than mowing, created well-illuminated conditions, a high cumulative ground-surface temperature, and a wide range of daily temperature fluctuations. Relative growth rates of I. aristatum var. glaucum shoots and individuals showed a significantly ascending gradient in the order of control, mown, and burnt zones. Continuation of traditional vegetation usage and management is recommended for Ukishima Marsh, as such methods would not only provide favorable environmental conditions for native herbaceous plants commonly, but would also indirectly maintain plant species diversity through promotion of plant facilitation as demonstrated in our previous studies.

Keywords

Anthropogenic disturbance Facilitation Ischaemum aristatum var. glaucum Mowing Prescribed fire Relative growth rate 

Supplementary material

11355_2013_240_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (67 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 67 kb)

References

  1. Anderson LD, Clark RG, Findley J, Hanes RC, Mahaffey L, Miller M, Stinson K, Zimmerman GT (1994) Fire effects guide. National Wildfire Coordinating Group, BoiseGoogle Scholar
  2. Briggs JM, Knapp AK, Brock BL (2002) Expansion of woody plants in tallgrass prairie: a fifteen-year study of fire and fire-grazing interactions. Am Midl Nat 147:287–294. doi:10.1674/0003-0031(2002)147[0287:eowpit]2.0.co;2Google Scholar
  3. Brown JK, Smith JK (2000) Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on flora. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, USAGoogle Scholar
  4. Burnside NG, Joyce CB, Puurmann E, Scott DM (2007) Use of vegetation classification and plant indicators to assess grazing abandonment in Estonian coastal wetlands. J Veg Sci 18:645–654. doi:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2007.tb02578.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chapin FS, Carpenter SR, Kofinas GP, Folke C, Abel N, Clark WC, Olsson P, Smith DMS, Walker B, Young OR, Berkes F, Biggs R, Grove JM, Naylor RL, Pinkerton E, Steffen W, Swanson FJ (2010) Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends Ecol Evol 25:241–249. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2009.10.008 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clevering OA (1998) Effects of litter accumulation and water table on morphology and productivity of Phragmites australis. Wetlands Ecol Manag 5:275–287. doi:10.1023/A:1008233912279 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daws MI, Davies J, Pritchard HW, Brown NAC, Van Staden J (2007) Butenolide from plant-derived smoke enhances germination and seedling growth of arable weed species. Plant Growth Regul 51:73–82. doi:10.1007/s10725-006-9149-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diemer M, Oetiker K, Billeter R (2001) Abandonment alters community composition and canopy structure of Swiss calcareous fens. Appl Veg Sci 4:237–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feldman SR, Lewis JP (2005) Effects of fire on the structure and diversity of a Spartina argentinensis tall grassland. Appl Veg Sci 8:77–84Google Scholar
  10. Fynn RWS, Morris CD, Edwards TJ (2004) Effect of burning and mowing on grass and forb diversity in a long-term grassland experiment. Appl Veg Sci 7:1–10. doi:10.1658/1402-2001(2004)007[0001:eobamo]2.0.co;2Google Scholar
  11. Gusewell S, Le Nedic C (2004) Effects of winter mowing on vegetation succession in a lakeshore fen. Appl Veg Sci 7:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hall SJ, Lindig-Cisneros R, Zedler JB (2008) Does harvesting sustain plant diversity in Central Mexican wetlands? Wetlands 28:776–792. doi:10.1672/07-231.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hawke CJ, José PV (1996) Reedbed management for commercial and wildlife interests. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, SandyGoogle Scholar
  14. Heller NE, Zavaleta ES (2009) Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations. Biol Conserv 142:14–32. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.10.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hille M, den Ouden J (2005) Charcoal and activated carbon as adsorbate of phytotoxic compounds—a comparative study. Oikos 108:202–207. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2005.13482.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Keddy PA (2010) Wetland ecology: principles and conservation, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kimura H, Tsuyuzaki S (2011) Fire severity affects vegetation and seed bank in a wetland. Appl Veg Sci 14:350–357. doi:10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01126.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lindon HL, Menges E (2008) Scientific note: effects of smoke on seed germination of twenty species of fire-prone habitats in Florida. Castanea 73:106–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McWilliams SR, Sloat T, Toft CA, Hatch D (2007) Effects of prescribed fall burning on a wetland plant community, with implications for management of plants and herbivores. West North Am Nat 67:299–317. doi:10.3398/1527-0904(2007)67[299:eopfbo]2.0.co;2Google Scholar
  20. Middleton B (2002) Nonequilibrium dynamics of sedge meadows grazed by cattle in southern Wisconsin. Plant Ecol 161:89–110. doi:10.1023/a:1020361021072 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Middleton BA, Holsten B, van Diggelen R (2006) Biodiversity management of fens and fen meadows by grazing, cutting and burning. Appl Veg Sci 9:307–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nozoe K, Nishihiro J, Hotes S, Washitani I (2010) Importance of Ischaemum aristatum var. glaucum as an indicator of plant species richness in Myoginohana Marsh, Lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Jpn J Conserv Ecol 15:281–290 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  23. Pyke DA, Brooks ML, D’Antonio C (2010) Fire as a restoration tool: a decision framework for predicting the control or enhancement of plants using fire. Restor Ecol 18:274–284. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00658.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ramberg L, Lindholm M, Hessen DO, Murray-Hudson M, Bonyongo C, Heinl M, Masamba W, VanderPost C, Wolski P (2010) Aquatic ecosystem responses to fire and flood size in the Okavango Delta: observations from the seasonal floodplains. Wetlands Ecol Manag 18:587–595. doi:10.1007/s11273-010-9195-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. R Development Core Team (2009) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN: 3-900051-07-0. http://www.R-project.org
  26. Schrautzer J, Fichtner A, Huckauf A, Rasran L, Jensen K (2011) Long-term population dynamics of Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) Soo after abandonment and re-introduction of mowing. Flora 206:622–630. doi:10.1016/j.flora.2010.11.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Slapcinsky JL, Gordon DR, Menges ES (2010) Responses of rare plant species to fire in Florida’s pyrogenic communities. Nat Areas J 30:4–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang Z, Nishihiro J, Washitani I (2011) Facilitation of plant species richness and endangered species by a tussock grass in a moist tall grassland revealed using hierarchical Bayesian analysis. Ecol Res 26:1103–1111. doi:10.1007/s11284-011-0862-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang Z, Nishihiro J, Washitani I (2012) Regeneration of native vascular plants facilitated by Ischaemum aristatum var. glaucum tussocks: an experimental demonstration. Ecol Res 27:239–244. doi:10.1007/s11284-011-0897-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Washitani I, Tang Y (1991) Microsite variation in light availability and seedling growth of Quercus serrata in a temperate pine forest. Ecol Res 6:305–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yabe K (1985) Distribution and formation of tussocks in Mobara-Yatsumi Marsh. Jpn J Ecol 35:183–192Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Consortium of Landscape and Ecological Engineering and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Conservation Ecology, Department of Ecosystem Studies, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesUniversity of TokyoBunkyoJapan

Personalised recommendations