Landscape and Ecological Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 61–71 | Cite as

Landscape characteristics derived from satellite-tracking data of wintering habitats used by oriental honey buzzards in Borneo

  • SyartiniliaEmail author
  • Afra D. N. Makalew
  • Yeni A. Mulyani
  • Hiroyoshi Higuchi
Original Paper


Knowledge of the spatial distribution of the wintering habitats of migratory raptors is a prerequisite to understanding their wintering ecology and managing their habitats. Oriental honey buzzards (OHBs, Pernis ptilorhynchus) are migratory raptors with wintering grounds in Indonesia. OHBs’ wintering habitats can be divided into core and edge habitats with unique landscape characteristics, which influence wintering-site selection. Twenty-three satellite-tracked OHBs (2006–2010) used Borneo as their wintering grounds. The primary aim of this study was to analyze OHBs’ wintering habitat distributions (core and edge habitats) in Borneo and their landscape characteristics in the province of South Kalimantan. Fixed-kernel density estimation was used to estimate the edge and core habitats of 23 OHBs in Borneo. We used a 95 % fixed kernel (FK_95 %) and a 50 % fixed kernel (FK_50 %) to estimate the spatial distribution of edge and core habitats, respectively. Factor analysis was used to analyze landscape characteristics of core and edge habitats. Results showed that edge and core habitats covered about 153,463.4 km2 (20.7 %) and 27,528.3 km2 (3.7 %) of the Borneo area, respectively. Habitat selection by OHBs at wintering sites in both core and edge habitats was highly influenced by the availability of thermal winds and food. However, the more frequent presence of OHBs in core habitats indicates that habitat selection is basically influenced by increased thermal winds associated with particular landform characteristics. Identification of these landscape characteristics provides useful baseline information for ecological-based development, particularly for landscape management and biodiversity conservation.


Core habitat Edge habitat Migration Pernis ptilorhynchus Wintering habitat 



The authors express sincere thanks to T. Endo, N. Hijikata, E. Hiraoka, M. Hotta, K. Kuno, H. Nakamura, F. Nakayama, Y. Nishizawa, M. Saeki, M. Takahashi, K-I. Tokita, K. Uchida, and A. Uematsu for their field assistance. We thank Dr. S. Kitamura and Dr. H. Samejima who gave us information on tropical forests. We are grateful to the Raptor Indonesia (RAIN), especially to Zaini Rakhman, Abit, Adam A. Supriatna, for their guidance during field surveys and also comments on early manuscript drafts. We give special thanks to our student Annisa Hasanah for her great help in this study. Finally, we are grateful to Mrs. Diane V. Wildsmith for proofreading the manuscript. This research was funded by the Ministry of the Environment in Japan and the Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) in Indonesia under the International Research Collaboration and Scientific Publication grant.


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Copyright information

© International Consortium of Landscape and Ecological Engineering and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syartinilia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Afra D. N. Makalew
    • 1
  • Yeni A. Mulyani
    • 2
  • Hiroyoshi Higuchi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of AgricultureBogor Agricultural University (IPB)BogorIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of ForestryBogor Agricultural University (IPB)BogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Graduate School of Media and GovernanceKeio UniversityKanagawaJapan

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