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Differences in larval dynamics of golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei between dam reservoirs with and without an aeration system

  • Daisuke Nakano
  • Takuya Kobayashi
  • Isamu Sakaguchi
Original Paper

Abstract

The golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei is a freshwater bivalve that adheres to water intake facilities, leading to problems of several kinds. Biofouling problems have been increasing recently in East Asia and South America, and the planktonic stage of this species is considered to play an important role in its dispersal. We investigated the larval dynamics of L. fortunei in two reservoirs, Lake Ohshio and Lake Takenuma, which are connected by a headrace channel. An aeration system for water quality conservation was present in the former reservoir but not in the latter. Larval density in Lake Ohshio was more than 10,000 individuals/m3 with a maximum of 80,000 individuals/m3 in summer. The density in Lake Takenuma was much lower, with a maximum of around 200 individuals/m3. Water temperature (WT) and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration were almost uniform regardless of water depth in Lake Ohshio because of destratification due to continuous aeration. Summer WT and DO in the lake were considered to be suitable for survival and reproduction of L. fortunei. On the other hand, stratification was found for WT and DO in Lake Takenuma throughout the summer. The low WT and DO found in the deep areas of the lake in summer were considered to be not suitable for survival and reproduction of this species. Thus, the population of L. fortunei larvae differed widely even in two adjoining lakes, and WT and DO are considered to be critical factors, especially for reproduction.

Keywords

Invasive species Biofouling Water temperature Dissolved oxygen Artificial destratification Water level fluctuation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

D.N. thanks Dr. Yasuyuki Nogata and Dr. Noriyuki Endo for helpful advice with regard to this paper. We thank Hiroshi Matsumoto, Hideo Kanai, Masahiro Nomura, Yumi Nagao, members of the group for green management of Lake Ohshio, and Tatsuhisa Horikoshi and his family for help with the investigations. We also thank Tomioka City and Fujioka City for providing us with the use of their facilities.

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Copyright information

© International Consortium of Landscape and Ecological Engineering and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisuke Nakano
    • 1
  • Takuya Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Isamu Sakaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Environmental Sector, Environmental Science Research LaboratoryCentral Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI)ChibaJapan

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