Skip to main content

Simulation of Pipe-Manufacturing Processes Using Sheet Bending-Flattening

Abstract

In this study, a suitable method to simulate pipe-manufacturing processes (i.e., bending, unbending, and flattening) was developed to reproduce the process and the mechanical properties of the pipe. To verify the reliability of the strain distribution and plastic deformation behavior predicted by the proposed method, experimentally-derived strain by digital image correlation (DIC) and finite element analyses were employed. Hardness and tensile tests were performed on bent-flattened specimens. The finite element method confirmed that the proposed method can predict the yield strength of pipes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12

References

  1. Shin SY, Hwang B, Lee S, Kim NJ, Ahn SS (2007) Correlation of microstructure and charpy impact properties in API X70 and X80 line-pipe steels. Mater Sci Eng A 458:281–289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Aleshin VV, Kobyakov VV, Seleznev VE (2011) A simulation technology for a full cycle of steel line pipe manufacturing operations. Adv Mech Eng 2011:1–7

    Google Scholar 

  3. Kim NJ (1983) The physical metallurgy of HSLA linepipe steels-a review. JOM 35:21–27

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Sung HK, Lee DH, Shin SY, Lee S, Ro Y, Lee CS, Hwang B (2015) Effects of finish cooling temperature on tensile properties after thermal aging of strain-based API X60 linepipe steels. Metall Mater Trans A 46:3989–3998

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Tanguy B, Luu TT, Perrin G, Pineau A, Besson J (2008) Plastic and damage behaviour of a high strength X100 pipeline steel: experiments and modelling. Int J Press Vessel Pip 85:322–335

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Corona E, Kyriakides S (1988) On the collapse of inelastic tubes under combined bending and pressure. Int J Solids Struct 24:505–535

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Shanmugam S, Ramisetti NK, Misra RDK, Hartmann J, Jansto SG (2008) Microstructure and high strength-toughness combination of a new 700MPa Nb-microalloyed pipeline steel. Mater Sci Eng A 478:26–37

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Herynk MD, Kyriakides S, Onoufriou A, Yun HD (2007) Effects of the UOE/UOC pipe manufacturing processes on pipe collapse pressure. Int J Mech Sci 49:533–553

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Kato C, Otoguro Y, Kado S, Hisamatsu Y (1978) Grooving corrosion in electric resistance welded steel pipe in sea water. Corros Sci 18:61–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Lin M-B, Gao K, Wang C-J, Volinsky AA (2012) Failure analysis of the oil transport spiral welded pipe. Eng Fail Anal 25:169–174

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Chandel JD, Singh NL (2011) Formation of X-120M line pipe through J-C-O-E technique. Eng 3:400–410

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. API specification 5L (2004) Specification for line pipe. 43rd edn. API, pp 9–16

  13. Walsh WJ, Preston D (2010) Yield strength of line pipe: analysis of forming operations and flattened straps. 8th Int. pipeline Conf. Calgary, Alberta, Canada, pp 891-905

  14. Huang XP, Cui WC (2006) Effect of Bauschinger effect and yield criterion on residual stress distribution of autofrettaged tube. J Press Vessel Technol 128:212–216

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Kostryzhev A, Strangwood M, Davis CL (2007) Influence of microalloying precipitates on Bauschinger effect during UOE forming of line pipe steels. Mater Sci Technol 22:166–172

    Google Scholar 

  16. Kostryzhev A, Strangwood M, Davis CL (2010) Mechanical property development during UOE forming of large diameter pipeline steels. Mater Manuf Process 25:41–47

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Han SY, Sohn SS, Shin SY, Bae J-H, Kim HS, Lee S (2012) Effects of microstructure and yield ratio on strain hardening and Bauschinger effect in two API X80 linepipe steels. Mater Sci Eng A 551:192–199

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Sohn SS, Han SY, Shin SY, Bae J-H, Kim K, Kim NJ, Kim HS, Lee S (2012) Analysis and estimation of yield strength of API X80 linepipe steel pipe by low-cycle fatigue tests. Met Mater Int 18:597–606

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Hu SJ, Marciniak Z, Duncan JL (2002) Mechanics of sheet metal forming, 2nd edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, pp 82–107

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sohn SS, Han SY, Shin SY, Bae J-H, Lee S (2013) Analysis and estimation of the yield strength of API X70 and X80 linepipe steels by double-cycle simulation tests. Met Mater Int 19:377–388

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Choi MK, Huh H (2014) Effect of punch speed on amount of springback in U-bending process of auto-body steel sheets. Proced Eng 81:963–968

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Lim H, Lee MG, Sung JH, Kim JH, Wagoner RH (2012) Time-dependent springback of advanced high strength steels. Int J Plast 29:42–59

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. ASTM E 8–04 (2005) Standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials. Annual book of ASTM standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia

    Google Scholar 

  24. Maximov JT, Duncheva GV, Kuzmanov TV (2008) Modelling of hardening behaviour of cold expanded holes in medium-carbon steel. J Constr Steel Res 64:261–267

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Altan T, Tekkaya AE (2012) Sheet metal forming: fundamentals. ASM Int, Ohio, pp 89–98

    Google Scholar 

  26. Li W, Shi S, Wang F, Zhang Z, Ma T, Li J (2012) Numerical simulation of friction welding processes based on ABAQUS environment. J Eng Sci Technol Rev 5:10–19

    Google Scholar 

  27. Dassault Systémes Simulia Corp. (2013) Abaqus 6.12 Documentation. Providence, RI, USA

  28. Zhang LC, Lu G, Leong SC (1997) V-shaped sheet forming by deformable punches. J Mater Process Technol 63:134–139

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Pavlina EJ, Van Tyne CJ (2008) Correlation of yield strength and tensile strength with hardness for steels. J Mater Eng Perform 17:888–893

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Choi CW, Koh HJ, Lee S (2000) Analysis and prevention of yield strength drop during spiral piping of two high-strength API-X70 steels. Metall Mater Trans A 31:2669–2674

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Zou T, Li D, Wu G, Peng Y (2016) Yield strength development from high strength steel plate to UOE pipe. Mater Design 89:1107–1122

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by POSCO under contract No. 2015Y002.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to H. S. Kim.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Moon, J., Jeong, H.J., Joo, SH. et al. Simulation of Pipe-Manufacturing Processes Using Sheet Bending-Flattening. Exp Mech 58, 909–918 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-018-0397-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-018-0397-0

Keywords

  • Pipe manufacturing process
  • Mechanical properties
  • Digital image correlation
  • Finite element method