Skip to main content

An Apparatus for Tensile Testing of Engineering Materials


We develop a novel apparatus and an associated test protocol to measure the tensile response of materials. The apparatus allows testing of ring-shaped specimens, fibre yarns and tapes of arbitrary length; it can be employed to conduct experiments at different strain rates and in different environmental conditions. The technique is tested at low rates of strain on several materials, including carbon fibres, metals, polymers and ceramics; the tensile responses measured with the new apparatus are compared to those obtained from conventional measurements and found to be in good agreement with these.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8


  1. 1.

    Sedlacek R, Halden FA (1962) Method for tensile testing of brittle materials. Rev Sci Instrum 33(3):298–300

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Holman WR, Stiles EB, Fung E (1967) Tensile test apparatus for small ring specimens. J Sci Instrum 44(7):545–547

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Robinson JN (1972) Tensile test apparatus for brittle materials. J Phys E (Sci Instrum) 5(2):171–173

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Ainscough JB, Messer PF (1974) An apparatus for the tensile testing of ceramic ring specimens at elevated temperatures. J Phys E (Sci Instrum) 7(11):937–939

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Daniel IM, Ishai O (1994) Engineering mechanics of composite materials. Oxford University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Wu H, Ma G, Xia Y (2004) Experimental study of tensile properties of PMMA at intermediate strain rate. Mater Lett 58(29):3681–3685

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Pellegrino A, Tagarielli VL, Gerlach R, Petrinic N (2015) The mechanical response of a syntactic polyurethane foam at low and high rates of strain. Int J Impact Eng 75:214–221

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Naik NK, Perla Y (2008) Mechanical behaviour of acrylic under high strain rate tensile loading. Polym Test 27(4):504–512

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    ASTM F1106-87 (2012) Standard specification for warping heads, Rope Handling (Gypsy Head, Capstan Head). ASTM International, West Conshohocken.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Zhou Y, Wang Y, Xia Y, Jeelani S (2010) Tensile behavior of carbon fiber bundles at different strain rates. Mater Lett 64(3):246–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Younes A, Sankaran V, Seidel A, Waldmann M, Cherif C, Hausding J (2012) Stress-strain behavior of carbon filament yarns under high strain rates. Text Res J 82(7):685–699

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    ASTM D3822/D3822M-14 (2014) Standard test method for tensile properties of single textile fibers. ASTM International, West Conshohocken.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    ASTM D638–14 (2014) Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics. ASTM International, West Conshohocken.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    ROTH FL, Driscoll RL, Holt WL (1942) Frictional properties of rubber. US Bur Stan J Res 28(4):439–462

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


We acknowledge the funding from the Royal Society of London (proof-of-concept project grant RG130267) and from the Ministry of Defence [dstl] (Technical partner Phillip Duke). We are grateful to DSM Dyneema for providing test materials and useful discussions; we are indebted to the staff in the Department of Aeronautics at Imperial (R. Hutchins, J. Meggyesi, S. Del Rosso) for assistance with testing and instrumentation.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. L. Tagarielli.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhou, J., Tagarielli, V.L., Heisserer, U. et al. An Apparatus for Tensile Testing of Engineering Materials. Exp Mech 58, 941–950 (2018).

Download citation


  • Mechanical testing
  • Metals
  • Polymers
  • Ceramics
  • Fibres