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The effect of TRX and bodyweight training on physical fitness and body composition in prepubescent soccer athletes

Abstract

Background

Resistance training is now highly recommended for enhancing physical fitness in preadolescence. According to this critical period of development, choosing the safe and efficient types of training is important.

Aims

Comparing the effect of two types of suspension and unsuspension resistance training on physical fitness and body composition in prepubescent soccer athletes.

Methods

Thirty immature boys were assigned randomly to either total-body resistance exercise (TRX), bodyweight training (BW), and control groups. Training groups completed training programs for 8 weeks which designed progressively according to ACSM recommendations for children. Suspension training was conducted using TRX bands and unsuspension training using body weight.

Results

TRX training showed significant improvements in muscular endurance (p < 0.001), upper and lower body strength (both; p < 0.01), static balance (p < 0.05), and also percent body fat (p = 0.005) compared to BW training. Also, there were no difference in aerobic power, agility, and muscular power.

Conclusions

Although the benefits of both types of resistance training were evident, TRX training seems to be more effective in children’s physical fitness components and can be developed as a fitness training method in youth athletes.

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Abbreviations

TRX:

Total-body resistance exercise

EMG:

Electromyography

SLJ:

Standing length jump

BF:

Body fat

BW:

Body weight

UB:

Upper body

LB:

Lower body

RPE:

Rating of perceived exertion

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all subjects and their parents for participating in this study.

Funding

No funding was received for conducting this study.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

RF was responsible for the study concept and design. AA and FH contributed to the acquisition of data. AA, RF, and SR assisted with data analysis and interpretation of findings. SR drafted the manuscript. RF and FH provided critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content. All authors critically reviewed content and approved final version for publication.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rana Fayazmilani.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shahid Beheshti University and all procedures during the investigation were in line with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee.

Human and animal rights

The study is in agreement with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Informed consent

All participants were informed about the trials of the study and the anonymity of their answers before providing their written consent to participate, in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

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Cite this article

Fayazmilani, R., Abbasi, A., Hovanloo, F. et al. The effect of TRX and bodyweight training on physical fitness and body composition in prepubescent soccer athletes. Sport Sci Health (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-022-00908-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-022-00908-1

Keywords

  • Total-body resistance exercise (TRX)
  • Trainability
  • Prepubescent
  • Physical fitness