Concurrent training has gained popularity as a health-promoting activity. The focus of this study was to investigate the feasibility of tyre-pulling as a strength and endurance training exercise.
Thirty-four volunteered participants accepted to comply with an 8-week training program, and were by drawing lots divided into three groups: long-distance training, high-intensity interval training and control groups. The long-distance group exercised 60 min at 75–85% of HRmax three times a week. The high-intensity interval group also exercised three times a week with 10 intervals of 20 s and a rest of 10 s in an all-out intensity. The control group continued their ordinary activities. A test battery, measuring arm and leg strength, core strength, and endurance, were taken at the beginning and after 8 weeks. Anthropometric measurements and spirometry test were performed likewise.
The high-intensity group had increased maximal oxygen uptake by 2.6 (2.2) mL kg−1 min−1. The number of repetitions in arm strength increased with 4.2 (3.5), for leg strength, the increase was 7.9 (9.2) repetitions. Leg strength increased in the long-distance group with 13.6 (14.7) repetitions and core strength increased with 30.3 (34.0), p ≤ 0.05. No significant changes were observed in the control group.
Tyre-pulling is feasible for training endurance and strength at both low and high intensities.
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The word “Bråsterk” literally means “quickly strong”. The product was introduced to the Norwegian marked in the 1980s with the aid of world cross-country ski champion Oddvar Brå, hence the double meaning of the name.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Human and animal rights
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Participants gave written informed consent before starting the study.
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Mamen, A., Fredriksen, P.M. Tyre-pulling as concurrent training. Sport Sci Health 15, 49–58 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-018-0476-8
- Strength training
- Endurance training
- Whole body training