Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 193–199 | Cite as

Running fatiguing protocol affects peak torque joint angle and peak torque differently in hamstrings vs. quadriceps

  • Giuseppe CoratellaEmail author
  • Eloisa Limonta
  • Emiliano Cé
  • Stefano Longo
  • Angela Valentina Bisconti
  • Angela Montaruli
  • Federico Schena
  • Fabio Esposito
Original Article



The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a running fatiguing protocol on the peak torque joint angle and the peak torque in hamstrings vs. quadriceps.


Twenty-one male runners underwent a running fatiguing protocol consisting of 40 min at a speed corresponding at first ventilatory threshold. Before and after the fatiguing protocol, isokinetic concentric and eccentric hamstrings and concentric quadriceps peak torque was measured at 60 and 300 deg s−1. The peak torque joint angle (i.e. the angle at which the peak torque was exerted) was recorded. The conventional Hconc:Qconc ratio and the functional Hecc:Qconc ratio were also calculated.


The peak torque joint angle increased (i.e. shifted toward shorter muscle length) in hamstrings in eccentric at 60 deg s−1 (ES = 1.35) and at 300 deg s−1 (ES = 0.71) and in concentric modality at 300 deg s−1 (ES = 0.50) but not at 60 deg s−1 (ES = 0.23). No change occurred in quadriceps at 60 deg s−1 (ES = 0.15) and 300 deg s−1 (ES = 0.20). Peak torque deteriorated in both hamstrings and quadriceps, irrespective of the testing modality (ES 0.95–1.90) Functional Hecc:Qconc ratio decreased at 60 deg s−1 (ES = 0.74) and 300 deg s−1 (ES = 0.85). No change in conventional Hconc:Qconc ratio occurred at 60 deg s−1 (ES = 0.12) and 300 deg s−1 (ES = 0.14).


The fatigue-induced changes in peak torque joint angle in hamstrings but not in quadriceps and the simultaneous decrements in the functional Hecc:Qconc ratio may point a reduced hamstrings resistive capacity, with implications for hamstrings strain injury risk.


Isokinetic Concentric Eccentric Runners Fatigue 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared no conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

All the participants provided written consent.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences for HealthUniversity of MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neurological, Biomedical and Movement ScienceUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly

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