Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 377–382 | Cite as

Is frequency speed of kick test responsive to training? A study with taekwondo athletes

  • Jonatas Ferreira da Silva SantosEmail author
  • Emerson Franchini
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency speed of kick test (FSKT) responsiveness to 9 weeks of taekwondo-specific training. Eight black-belt taekwondo athletes (mean and standard deviation; body mass: 74 ± 15 kg; height: 178 ± 9 cm; age: 24 ± 4 years; practice time: 12 ± 6 years), volunteered to participate. Each athlete performed the 10 s version of the test (FSKT10s) and five sets of 10 s with 10 s intervals (FSKTmult) pre and post 9 weeks of taekwondo training. There were increased (p < 0.05) performance in the FSKT10s (number kicks pre vs post: 20 ± 1 vs 21 ± 2) and in the FSKTmult variables (number kicks pre vs post: FSKT1: 20 ± 1 vs 23 ± 2; FSKT2: 19 ± 2 vs 22 ± 2; FSKT3: 18 ± 2 vs 21 ± 2; FSKT4: 17 ± 2 vs 21 ± 2; FSKT5: 17 ± 2 vs 20 ± 2; FSKTtotal: 90 ± 9 vs 107 ± 10). In conclusion, FSKT is responsive and sensible to short-term taekwondo training and can be applied by coaches to monitor sport-specific performance.


Combat sport Martial arts Evaluation Measurement Sport-specific test 



Frequency speed of kick test


Smallest worthwhile change


Standard deviation

95 % CI

95 % confidence interval


Effect size


Adenosine triphosphate


Creatine phosphate



All taekwondo athletes who participated in this study and their coaches.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures were approved by the institutional ethic review board.

Informed consent

All subjects signed a written informed consent form.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, Sport Department, School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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