Is frequency speed of kick test responsive to training? A study with taekwondo athletes
- 228 Downloads
The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency speed of kick test (FSKT) responsiveness to 9 weeks of taekwondo-specific training. Eight black-belt taekwondo athletes (mean and standard deviation; body mass: 74 ± 15 kg; height: 178 ± 9 cm; age: 24 ± 4 years; practice time: 12 ± 6 years), volunteered to participate. Each athlete performed the 10 s version of the test (FSKT10s) and five sets of 10 s with 10 s intervals (FSKTmult) pre and post 9 weeks of taekwondo training. There were increased (p < 0.05) performance in the FSKT10s (number kicks pre vs post: 20 ± 1 vs 21 ± 2) and in the FSKTmult variables (number kicks pre vs post: FSKT1: 20 ± 1 vs 23 ± 2; FSKT2: 19 ± 2 vs 22 ± 2; FSKT3: 18 ± 2 vs 21 ± 2; FSKT4: 17 ± 2 vs 21 ± 2; FSKT5: 17 ± 2 vs 20 ± 2; FSKTtotal: 90 ± 9 vs 107 ± 10). In conclusion, FSKT is responsive and sensible to short-term taekwondo training and can be applied by coaches to monitor sport-specific performance.
KeywordsCombat sport Martial arts Evaluation Measurement Sport-specific test
Frequency speed of kick test
Smallest worthwhile change
- 95 % CI
95 % confidence interval
All taekwondo athletes who participated in this study and their coaches.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures were approved by the institutional ethic review board.
All subjects signed a written informed consent form.
- 2.Santos VG, Franchini E, Lima-Silva AE (2011) Relationship between attack and skipping in taekowndo contests. J Strength Cond Res 112:1221–1228Google Scholar
- 3.Kazemi M, Waalen J, Morgan C, White AR (2006) A profile of Olympic taekwondo competitors. J Sports Sci Med 54:114–121Google Scholar
- 5.Toskovik NN, Blessing D, Williford HN (2004) Physiological profile of recreational male and female novice and experienced taekwondo practitioners. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 44:164–172Google Scholar
- 7.Lee SK (1983) Frequency analysis of the taekwondo techniques used in a tournament. J Taekwondo 46:122–130Google Scholar
- 8.Pieter F, Pieter W (1995) Speed and force in selected taekwondo techniques. Biol Sport 12:257–266Google Scholar
- 13.Santos JFS, Herrera-Valenzuela T, Mota GR, Franchini E (2016) Influence of half-squat intensity and volume on the subsequent countermovement jump and frequency speed of kick test performance in taekwondo athletes. Int J Fundam Appl Kinesiol 48(1):95–102Google Scholar
- 16.Hopkins W (2004) How to interpret changes in an athletic performance test. Sportscience 8:1–7Google Scholar