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Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 99–104 | Cite as

Can short-term high-intensity intermittent training reduce adiposity?

  • Valéria Leme Gonçalves PanissaEmail author
  • Elaine Domingues Alves
  • Gabriela Pires Salermo
  • Emerson Franchini
  • Monica Yuri TakitoEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the effects of 6 weeks of high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) and moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICT-control group) on body composition, hunger and food intake.

Methods

Twenty-three previously untrained women (28.43 ± 12.53 years) were randomly assigned to a HIIT (n = 11) or MICT group (n = 12). The HIIT group performed 15 1-min bouts at 90 % of maximum heart rate (HRmax) interspersed by 30-s active recovery (60 % HRmax). The MICT group performed a continuous exercise at 70 % HRmax equalizing the training load method proposed by Edwards (1993) to a similar value achieved by the HIIT group. Training for both groups was performed three times per week for 6 weeks. All subjects performed the Astrand cycloergometer test to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) 1 week before and after the training period, as well as body composition, which was estimated through circumferences and skinfold thicknesses. For all training sessions heart rate, visual scale of hunger and internal load were recorded. In the first and last week of training subjects were asked to record a 24-h food diary for 3 days.

Results

Both training induced significant pre- to post-decreases for fat mass, fat percentage, waist circumference and sum of seven skinfolds. However, only the sum of skinfolds differed between protocols with a higher mean percentage change for HIIT compared to the MICT. As expected, estimated VO2max increased in both groups. There were no differences for hunger, energy intake and body mass.

Conclusions

HIIT resulted in a greater fat loss compared to moderate continuous aerobic training.

Keywords

Hunger Food intake Exercise intensity Women Body composition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Institutional Program of Scientific Initiation CNPQ (100595/2015-4). Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa is supported by FAPESP (2011/22862-9).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest relating to the publication of this manuscript.

Ethical approval

All subjects provided written informed consent and all procedures were approved by the institutional ethic review board.

Informed consent

Informed consent in writing was obtained from each subject enrolled in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elaine Domingues Alves
    • 2
  • Gabriela Pires Salermo
    • 2
  • Emerson Franchini
    • 1
  • Monica Yuri Takito
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Sport, School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Human Movement Pedagogy, School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São Paulo (USP)São PauloBrazil

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