Effect of carrying school backpacks on cardio-respiratory changes in adolescent students
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Fifteen male high school students (12.5±0.5 years) voluntarily participated in this study. They carried backpacks with 0 (as a control group), 8, 10.5 and 13% of their body weights on a treadmill at 1.1 m/s for 15 min. Their systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure was measured by a digital blood pressure meter, and heart rate (HR), minute ventilation (MV) and respiratory frequency (RF) by a Gas Analyzer System, in 3 positions: rest, exercise (15 min walking) and recovery (3 min after walking). The results indicated that the SBP and MV during and 3 min after carrying backpacks 10.5 and 13% of body weight were significantly higher than under 0 and 8% body weight load conditions. The DBP increased significantly only at the 13% body weight load condition, after 15 min of walking. The weight of school backpacks for high school students can be recommended as 8% of their body weight, because carrying 8% body weight load did not significantly change cardio-respiratory parameters.
Key wordsSchool students Walking Backpack Cardio-respiratory parameters
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