Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 973–979 | Cite as

A preliminary survey on prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in Buner District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

  • Wajiha
  • Zaigham Hasan
  • Rabia Afridi
  • Lubna Rahman
  • Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi
  • Kausar Saeed
  • Humera Afridi
Sleep Breathing Physiology and Disorders • Original Article



Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015–November 2016.


Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate association between variables related to somnambulism. Their odds ratios (ORs) were reported with their corresponding 95% CIs.


In total, 11,881 individuals were surveyed, of which 448 (4%) suffered with sleep disorder. Females 256/448 (57%) were more prevalent as compared to males 192/448 (43%). Prevalence of somnambulism among children was 38% whereas 94% sufferers reported no effect on their growth. Majority of respondents reported that main cause of sleepwalking is stress and tension. Somnambulism was taken normal and mostly amusing disorder by sufferers and their families.


Sleepwalking is not age specific and serious disorder. Sleepwalkers need special care during their episode due to unconsciousness.


Somnambulism Sleep disorder Prevalence 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This research was approved by the research Ethical Committee of Peshawar University, Pakistan.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wajiha
    • 1
  • Zaigham Hasan
    • 2
  • Rabia Afridi
    • 1
  • Lubna Rahman
    • 3
  • Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi
    • 1
  • Kausar Saeed
    • 4
  • Humera Afridi
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Animal SciencesQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of BunerBunerPakistan
  5. 5.Department of ZoologyIslamia College UniversityPeshawarPakistan

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