Molecular Imaging, How Close to Clinical Precision Medicine in Lung, Brain, Prostate and Breast Cancers

Abstract

Precision medicine is playing a pivotal role in strategies of cancer therapy. Unlike conventional one-size-fits-all chemotherapy or radiotherapy modalities, precision medicine could customize an individual treatment plan for cancer patients to acquire superior efficacy, while minimizing side effects. Precision medicine in cancer therapy relies on precise and timely tumor biological information. Traditional tissue biopsies, however, are often inadequate in meeting this requirement due to cancer heterogeneity, poor tolerance, and invasiveness. Molecular imaging could detect tumor biology characterization in a noninvasive and visual manner, and provide information about therapeutic targets, treatment response, and pharmacodynamic evaluation. This summates to significant value in guiding cancer precision medicine in aspects of patient screening, treatment monitoring, and estimating prognoses. Although growing clinical evidences support the further application of molecular imaging in precision medicine of cancer, some challenges remain. In this review, we briefly summarize and discuss representative clinical trials of molecular imaging in improving precision medicine of cancer patients, aiming to provide useful references for facilitating further clinical translation of molecular imaging to precision medicine of cancers.

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Funding

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81627901, 81471724), the Tou-Yan Innovation Team Program of the Heilongjiang Province (2019-15), National Basic Research Program of China (2015CB931800), and the Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging Foundation (College of Heilongjiang Province).

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Han, Z., Ke, M., Liu, X. et al. Molecular Imaging, How Close to Clinical Precision Medicine in Lung, Brain, Prostate and Breast Cancers. Mol Imaging Biol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11307-021-01631-y

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Key words

  • Precision medicine
  • Cancers
  • Molecular imaging
  • Clinical trial