Differential metabolomic responses of PAMP-triggered immunity and effector-triggered immunity in Arabidopsis suspension cells
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The rhizobacterial tomato pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000 (PstDC3000), like many plant pathogenic bacteria, can elicit hypersensitive response in non-host plant cells. PstDC3000 uses a type III protein secretion system (T3SS) to deliver effector proteins.
We compared metabolomic responses of Arabidopsis suspension cells to a wild-type PstDC3000, a T3SS deletion mutant PstDC3000D28E, and a pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP) flagellin’s N-terminal domain’s 22-aa peptide (flg22) to obtain metabolomics insights into the plant cell PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI).
Using targeted HPLC-MRM-MS and untargeted GC-MS approaches, we monitored qualitative and quantitative changes of 312 metabolites in central and specialized metabolic pathways in a time-course study.
The overall metabolomic changes induced by the three treatments included phenylpropanoid, flavonoid, and phytohormone biosynthetic pathways, as well as primary metabolism in amino acid and sugar biosynthesis. In addition to shared metabolites, flg22, PstDC3000D28E and PstDC3000 each caused unique metabolite changes in the course of the development of PTI and ETI.
PstDC3000D28E triggered PTI responses were different from those of flg22. This study has not only revealed the discernible metabolomics features associated with the flg22, PstDC3000D28E and PstDC3000 treatments, but also laid a foundation toward further understanding of metabolic regulation and responses underlying plant PTI and ETI.
KeywordsPseudomonas flg22 Metabolic responses Arabidopsis cells Targeted metabolomics
This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation grant NSF-MCB-1158000 to SC.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no potential conflicts of interest.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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