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Metabolomics

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 761–770 | Cite as

PTR-ToF-MS and data mining methods: a new tool for fruit metabolomics

  • Luca Cappellin
  • Christos Soukoulis
  • Eugenio Aprea
  • Pablo Granitto
  • Nicola Dallabetta
  • Fabrizio Costa
  • Roberto Viola
  • Tilmann D. Märk
  • Flavia Gasperi
  • Franco BiasioliEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) in its recently developed implementation based on a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (PTR-ToF-MS) has been evaluated as a possible tool for rapid non-destructive investigation of the volatile compounds present in the metabolome of apple cultivars and clones. Clone characterization is a cutting-edge problem in technical management and royalty application, not only for apple, aiming at unveiling real properties which differentiate the mutated individuals. We show that PTR-ToF-MS coupled with multivariate and data mining methods may successfully be employed to obtain accurate varietal and clonal apple fingerprint. In particular, we studied the VOC emission profile of five different clones belonging to three well known apple cultivars, such as ‘Fuji’, ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Gala’. In all three cases it was possible to set classification models which can distinguish all cultivars and some of the clones considered in this study. Furthermore, in the case of ‘Gala’ we also identified estragole and hexyl 2-methyl butanoate contributing to such clone characterization. Beside its applied relevance, no data on the volatile profiling of apple clones are available so far, our study indicates the general viability of a metabolomic approach for volatile compounds in fruit based on rapid PTR-ToF-MS fingerprinting.

Keywords

Proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry Apple (Malus domesticaCultivars Clones Chemometrics Data mining Marker identification 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Work partially supported by PAT (AP 2009-2011). PMG acknowledges partial support from ANPCyT (grant PICT 237/08).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luca Cappellin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christos Soukoulis
    • 1
  • Eugenio Aprea
    • 1
  • Pablo Granitto
    • 3
  • Nicola Dallabetta
    • 4
  • Fabrizio Costa
    • 1
  • Roberto Viola
    • 1
  • Tilmann D. Märk
    • 2
  • Flavia Gasperi
    • 1
  • Franco Biasioli
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.IASMA Research and Innovation CentreFondazione Edmund MachS. Michele a/AItaly
  2. 2.Institut für Ionenphysik und Angewandte PhysikLeopold-Franzens Universität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  3. 3.CIFASIS, French Argentina International Center for Information and Systems SciencesUPCAM (France)/UNR-CONICET (Argentina)RosarioArgentina
  4. 4.IASMA Consulting and Services Centre, Fondazione Edmund MachS. Michele a/AItaly

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