Purinergic Signalling

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 595–609

Adenosine production: a common path for mesenchymal stem-cell and regulatory T-cell-mediated immunosuppression

  • Martha de Oliveira Bravo
  • Juliana Lott Carvalho
  • Felipe Saldanha-Araujo
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11302-016-9529-0

Cite this article as:
de Oliveira Bravo, M., Carvalho, J.L. & Saldanha-Araujo, F. Purinergic Signalling (2016) 12: 595. doi:10.1007/s11302-016-9529-0

Abstract

Adenosine is an important molecule that exerts control on the immune system, by signaling through receptors lying on the surface of immune cells. This nucleotide is produced, in part, by the action of the ectoenzymes CD39 and CD73. Interestingly, these proteins are expressed on the cell surface of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs)—two cell populations that have emerged as potential therapeutic tools in the field of cell therapy. In fact, the production of adenosine constitutes a mechanism used by both cell types to control the immune response. Recently, great scientific progress was obtained regarding the role of adenosine in the inflammatory environment. In this context, the present review focuses on the advances related to the impact of adenosine production over the immune modulatory activity of Tregs and MSCs, and how this nucleotide controls the biological functions of these cells. Finally, we mention the main challenges and hurdles to bring such molecule to clinical settings.

Keywords

Adenosine Mesenchymal stem cells Regulatory T-cells 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
FAPDF
  • 193.000.665/2015
  • 0193.001080/2015
CNPQ
  • 443378-2014

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha de Oliveira Bravo
    • 1
  • Juliana Lott Carvalho
    • 2
  • Felipe Saldanha-Araujo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Health SciencesUniversity of BrasiliaBrasiliaBrazil
  2. 2.Genomic Sciences and Biotechnology CenterCatholic University of BrasiliaBrasiliaBrazil

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