Tree Genetics & Genomes

, 13:41

Plastomes of Mimosoideae: structural and size variation, sequence divergence, and phylogenetic implication

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11295-017-1124-1

Cite this article as:
Wang, YH., Qu, XJ., Chen, SY. et al. Tree Genetics & Genomes (2017) 13: 41. doi:10.1007/s11295-017-1124-1
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Taxonomy


Plastomes of Fabaceae show both significant structural and size variation; however, most published plastomes are from subfamily Papilionoideae and only a few are from the other two subfamilies. In order to address the plastome structural and size variation of subfamily Mimosoideae, we integrated 11 newly sequenced plastomes from representing genera with three previously published ones. Each mimosoid plastome presented a typical quadripartite structure and contained 111 unique genes. Their inverted repeats (IRs) experienced multiple expansion/contraction; a ca. 13-kb IR expansion into small single copy (SSC) was detected in plastomes of a clade formed by tribe Ingeae and Acacia sensu stricto (s.s.), and a ca. 1.7-kb IR expansion into and a ca. 1.9-kb contraction out of large single copy (LSC) were found in Pithecellobium flexicaule and Acacia dealbata, respectively. Linear regression analysis showed decreased synonymous substitution rates of genes relocating from SSC into IR. A loss of both introns of clpP occurred in A. dealbata and Faidherbia albida, and a duplicated clpP copy was detected in A. dealbata. Furthermore, a 421-bp inversion that containing rps18 was found in A. dealbata. The size of mimosoid plastomes was found significantly affected by a IR-SC boundary shift, and also associated with repeat content. Plastome coding and noncoding regions with variable sequence divergence may supply valuable markers for molecular evolutionary and phylogenetic studies at different taxonomic levels. Plastid phylogenomics well resolved relationships among sampled mimosoid species.


Plastome IR expansion/contraction Repeats Mimosoideae Sequence divergence Phylogenomics 

Supplementary material

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Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, Basic Research Project
  • 2013FY112600
Talent Project of Yunnan Province
  • 2011CI042

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  2. 2.Kunming College of Life SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina

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