Environmental Effects of Production and Consumption Activities Within an Economy: the Aragon Case


The goal of this research paper is to analyze the households’ environmental impact in a regional economy such as Aragon, focusing on water consumption, and water and atmosphere pollution. Our objective is to include not only the direct impact but also the indirect one that is generated by the production of goods and services in global and per capita. The framework of analysis is a SAMEA (Social Accounting Matrix and Environmental Accounts) built for Aragon in 1999. This SAMEA is composed by SAM (Social Accounting Matrix) and also the Water Accounts, the Water Pollution Accounts and the Atmosphere Emissions Accounts. For this reason, the SAMEA describes the relationship between the institutional activities and the environment. In order to obtain environmental impact of household activity in Aragon and to measure the individual responsibility, we are going to calculate indicators from the SAMEA model considering only households as exogenous account. The environmental effects are estimated for two water resources categories, for six water pollution categories and for six atmosphere emissions categories.

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  1. 1.

    The Production Sectors, the Foreign Sector and the rest of Institutional Accounts: Public sector, Companies, Production Factors, Savings and Investments are considered as endogenous accounts so they consume water and generate pollution to satisfy the households’ consumption. We are also aware of the simplicity of the exogenous supposedly fact especially on the Exterior Sector. However, according to our objective, this simplicity is compensated by a better capacity to approach the environmental consequences of the households’ spending.

  2. 2.

    The subaccounts used with their symbols are the following: 1A : Agriculture, forest culture and aquiculture; 1B : Livestock farming; 2 : Energy products; 3 : Water; 4 : Minerals and metals; 5 : Minerals and no metal products; 6 :Chemical Products; 7 :Metal products and equipment; 8 : Transportation material; 9 : Food, beverage and tobacco; 10 : Textiles, leather and shoes; 11 : Paper and printing items; 12 : Wood and Cork (except wood furniture); 13 : Rubber, plastics and other manufacture; 14 : Construction and Engineering; 15 : Reclamation and repairs; 16 : Commercial services; 17 : Catering and restaurants; 18 : Transportation and communication; 19 : Credit and insurances; 20 : Property activities; 21 : Private education; 22 : Private health services; 23 : Other sale services; 24 : Domestic services; 25 : Public education; 26 : Public health services; 27 :Other public services; L : Labor factor; K : Capital Factor; HOG : Households; SOC : Companies; AA.PP. : Public sector; A-I : Capital Account; ESP : Spain; UE : European Union; RM : Rest of the World.

  3. 3.

    The SAMEA for the Aragon economy in 1999 is available for an author petition.


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  3. Round, J. (2003). Constructing SAMs for development policy analysis: lessons learned and challenges ahead. Economic Systems Research, 15(2).

  4. Sánchez-Chóliz, Julio & Duarte, R. (2003). Analysing pollution by way of vertically integrated coefficients, with an application to the water sector in Aragon. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 27(2).

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The authors would like to thank the Sciencie and Education Department for their financial support under Project number SEJ2007-60960/ECON “Crecimiento, recursos naturales, cambio tecnológico y patrones de demanda”.

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Correspondence to Monica Flores-Garcia.

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Flores-Garcia, M., Mainar, A.J. Environmental Effects of Production and Consumption Activities Within an Economy: the Aragon Case. Int Adv Econ Res 15, 437 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-009-9229-4

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  • Per capita environmental impact
  • Atmospheric emissions
  • Water resource


  • C10
  • C67
  • D57
  • E20
  • P00
  • Q00
  • Q51
  • Q53
  • R10
  • R15
  • R30