Ariel, B., & Farrington, D. (2010). Randomized block designs. In A. Piquero & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Handbook of quantitative criminology. New York: Springer.
Armitage, R., Smythe, G., & Pease, K. (1999). Burnley CCTV evaluation. In N. Tilley & K. Painter (Eds.), Surveillance of public space: CCTV, street lighting and crime prevention (Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 10, pp. 225–249). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Barr, R., & Pease, K. (1990). Crime placement, displacement and deflection. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: a review of research (Vol. 12, pp. 277–218). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Belkap, J. (1992). Empirical estimates of Bonferroni corrections for use in chromosome mapping studies with the BXD recombinant inbred strains. Behavior Genetics, 22(6), 677–684.
Bowers, K., & Johnson, S. (2003). Measuring the geographical displacement and diffusion of benefit effects of crime prevention activity. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 19, 275–301.
Braga, A. (1997). Solving violent crime problems: an evaluation of the Jersey City Police Department’s pilot program to control violent places. Doctoral Dissertation submitted to the Graduate School-Newark, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
Braga, A. (2010). Setting a higher standard for the evaluation of problem-oriented policing initiatives. Criminology & Public Policy, 9(1), 173–182.
Braga, A., & Bond, B. J. (2008). Policing crime and disorder hot spots: a randomized controlled trial. Criminology, 46(3), 577–607.
Braga, A., & Weisburd, D. (2010). Policing problem places: crime hot spots and effective prevention. New York: Oxford University Press.
Braga, A., Weisburd, D., Waring, E., Mazerolle, L., Spelman, W., & Gajewski, F. (1999). Problem-oriented policing in violent crime places: a randomized controlled experiment. Criminology, 37(3), 541–580.
Braga, A., Papachristos, A., & Hureau, D. (2012). The effects of hot spots policing on crime: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Justice Quarterly. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/07418825.2012.673632.
Brantingham, P.L., & Brantingham, P.J. (1998). Mapping crime for analytic purposes: location quotients, counts and rates. In Weisburd, D., & McEwen, T. (Eds) Crime Mapping and Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention Studies, 8, 263–288.
Britt, C., & Weisburd, D. (2010). Statistical power. In P. Alex & D. L. Weisburd (Eds.), Handbook of quantitative criminology. New York: Springer.
Brown, B. (1995). CCTV in town centres: three case studies (Crime Detection and Prevention Series, Paper 68). London: Home Office.
Buerger, M. (1993). Convincing the recalcitrant: reexamining the Minneapolis RECAP experiment. Doctoral dissertation, Rutgers University.
Butler, G. (1994). Shoplifters’ views on security: lessons for crime prevention. In M. Gill (Ed.), Crime at work: studies in security and crime prevention. London: Perpetuity Press.
Cameron, A., Kolodinski, E., May, H., & Williams, N. (2008). Measuring the effects of video surveillance on crime in Los Angeles. Report prepared for the California Research Bureau. USC School of Policy, Planning, and Development.
Caplan, J., Kennedy, L., & Petrossian, G. (2011). Police-monitored cameras in Newark, NJ: a quasi-experimental test of crime deterrence. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 7(3), 255–274.
Clarke, R. (1997). Introduction. In R. Clarke (Ed.), Situational crime prevention, successful case studies (2nd ed.). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Clarke, R., & Eck, J. (2005). Crime analysis for problem solvers in 60 small steps. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.
Clarke, R., & Weisburd, D. (1994). Diffusion of crime control benefits. In R. Clarke (Ed.), Crime prevention studies (Vol. 2, pp. 165–183). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (Eds.). (1986). The reasoning criminal: rational choice perspectives on offending. New York: Springer.
Cowan, N. (2000). The magical number 4 in short-term memory: a reconsideration of mental storage capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, 87–185.
Ditton, J., & Short, E. (1998). Evaluating Scotland’s first town centre CCTV scheme. In C. Norris, J. Moran, & G. Armstrong (Eds.), Surveillance, closed circuit television and social control. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Ditton, J., & Short, E. (1999). Yes, it works, no it doesn’t: comparing the effects of open-street CCTV in two adjacent Scottish town centres. In N. Tilley & K. Painter (Eds.), Surveillance of public space: CCTV, street lighting and crime prevention (Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 10, pp. 201–223). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Durlauf, S., & Nagin, D. (2011). Imprisonment and crime: can both be reduced? Criminology and Public Policy, 10(1), 13–54.
Eisner, M. (2009). No effects in independent prevention trials: can we reject the cynical view? Journal of Experimental Criminology, 5(2), 163–184.
Farrington, D., Gill, M., Waples, S., & Argomaniz, J. (2007). The effects of closed-circuit television on crime: meta-analysis of an English national quasi-experimental multi-site evaluation. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 3, 21–28.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Buchner, A., & Lang, A. (2009). Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 41(4), 1149–1160.
Feise, R. (2002). Do multiple outcome measures require p-value adjustment? BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2, 8–11.
Fyfe, N., & Bannister, J. (1996). City watching: closed circuit television surveillance in public spaces. Area, 28(1), 37–46.
Gajewski, F. (1994). The drug market analysis program: a participant observation study. Unpublished master’s thesis, Seton Hall University: South Orange, NJ.
Garcia, L. (2004). Escaping the Bonferroni iron claw in ecological studies. Oikos, 105(3), 657–663.
Gill, M., & Hemming, M. (2004). Evaluation of CCTV in the London borough of Lewisham. Leicester: Perpetuity Research & Consultancy International (PRCI).
Gill, M., & Loveday, K. (2003). What do offenders think about CCTV? Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, 5(3), 17–25.
Gill, M., & Spriggs, A. (2005). Assessing the impact of CCTV (p. 292). London: Home Office Research Study No.
Gill, M., & Turbin, V. (1998). CCTV and shop theft: towards a realistic evaluation. In N. Clive, M. Jade, & A. Gary (Eds.), Surveillance, closed circuit television and social control. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Gill, M., Spriggs, A., Allen, J., Hemming, M., Jessiman, P., & Kara, D. (2005). Control room operation: findings from control room observations. London: Home Office.
Grant, S., Mayo-Wilson, E., Hopewell, S., MacDonald, S., Moher, D., & Montgomery, P. (2013). Developing a reporting guideline for social and psychological intervention trials. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 9(3), 355–367.
Guerette, R. (2009). Analyzing crime displacement and diffusion. Problem-oriented guides for police. Problem-solving tools series. No. 10. U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.
Guerette, R., Steinus, V., & McGloin, M. (2005). Understanding offending specialization and versatility: a re-application of the rational choice perspective. Journal of Criminal Justice, 33(1), 77–87.
Halford, G., Baker, R., McCredden, J., & Bain, J. (2005). How many variables can humans process? Psychological Science, 16(1), 70–76.
Harocopos, A., & Hough, M. (2005). Drug dealing in open air markets (Problem-Oriented Guides for Police. Problem-Specific Guides Series: No. 31). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.
Hipp, J., Bauer, D., Curran, P., & Bollen, K. (2004). Crimes of opportunity or crimes of emotion? Testing two explanation of seasonal change in crime. Social Forces, 82, 1333–1372.
Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6, 65–70.
Kennedy, D. (2006). Old wine in new bottles: policing and the lessons of pulling levers. In D. Weisburd & B. Anthony (Eds.), Police innovation. Contrasting perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kennedy, D., & Wong, S. (2009). The high point drug market intervention strategy. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice.
Keval, H., & Sasse, M. (2010). “Not the usual suspects”: a study of factors reducing the effectiveness of CCTV. Security Journal, 23(2), 134–154.
King, J., Mulligan, D., & Raphael, S. (2008). CITRIS report: the San Francisco community safety camera program. An evaluation of the effectiveness of San Francisco’s community safety cameras. Research in the interest of society. Berkeley: Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society. University of California.
Klinger, D., & Bridges, G. (1997). Measurement error in calls-for-service as an indicator of crime. Criminology, 35, 705–726.
La Vigne, N., Lowry, S., Markman, J., & Dwyer, A. (2011). Evaluating the use of public surveillance cameras for crime control and prevention. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center.
Law Enforcement Information Technology Standards Council [LEITSC] (2008). Standard functional specifications for law enforcement computer aided dispatch (CAD) systems. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance, and the National Institute of Justice.
Lipsey, M. (1990). Design sensitivity. Statistical power for experimental research. Newbury Park: Sage.
Lomell, H. (2004). Targeting the unwanted: video surveillance and categorical exclusion in Oslo, Norway. Surveillance & Society, 2, 346–360.
Luck, S., & Vogel, E. (1997). The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions. Nature, 390, 279–281.
Lum, C., Koper, C., & Telep, C. (2011). The evidence-based policing matrix. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 7(3), 3–26.
Mazerolle, L., Hurley, D., & Chamlin, M. (2002). Social behavior in public space: an analysis of behavioral adaptations to CCTV. Security Journal, 15(3), 59–75.
McDowall, D., Loftin, C., & Pate, M. (2012). Seasonal cycles in crime, and their vulnerability. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 28, 389–410.
McLean, S., Worden, R., & Kim, M. (2013). Here’s looking at you: an evaluation of public CCTV cameras and their effects on crime and disorder. Criminal Justice Review, 38(3), 303–334.
Nagin, D., & Weisburd, D. (2013). Evidence and public policy. The example of evaluation research in policing. Criminology & Public Policy, 12(4), 651–679.
Norris, C. (2003). From personal to digital: CCTV, the panopticon, and the technological mediation of suspicion and social control. In L. David (Ed.), Surveillance as social sorting: privacy, risk and digital discrimination. London: Routledge.
Norris, C., & Armstrong, G. (1999a). CCTV and the social structuring of surveillance. In T. Nick & P. Kate (Eds.), Surveillance of public space: CCTV, street lighting and crime prevention (Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 10, pp. 157–178). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Norris, C., & Armstrong, G. (1999b). The maximum surveillance society. The rise of CCTV. Berg: Oxford.
Norris, C., & McCahill, M. (2006). CCTV: beyond penal modernism? British Journal of Criminology, 46, 97–118.
Olds, D. (2009). In support of disciplined passion. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 5(2), 201–214.
Olejnik, S., Li, J., Supattathum, S., & Huberty, C. (1997). Multiple testing and statistical power with modified Bonferroni procedures. Journal of Education and Behavioral Statistics, 22, 389–406.
Pease, K. (1999). A review of street lighting evaluations: crime reduction effects. In N. Tilley & K. Painter (Eds.), Surveillance of public space: CCTV, street lighting and crime prevention. Crime prevention studies (Vol. 10). Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Perneger, T. (1998). What’s wrong with Bonferroni adjustments? British Medical Journal, 316(7139), 1236–1238.
Perneger, T. (1999). Multiple testing. British Medical Journal, 322, 226–231.
Piza, E. (2012). Identifying the ideal context for CCTV camera placement: an analysis of micro-level features. Doctoral Dissertation submitted to the Graduate School-Newark, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
Piza, E., & O’Hara, B. (2014). Saturation foot-patrol in a high-violence area: a quasi-experimental evaluation. Justice Quarterly, 31(4), 693–718.
Piza, E., Caplan, J., & Kennedy, L. (2012). Is the punishment more certain? An analysis of CCTV detections and enforcement. Justice Quarterly. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/07418825.2012.723034.
Piza, E., Caplan, J., & Kennedy, L. (2014a). Analyzing the influence of micro-level factors on CCTV camera effect. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 30(2), 237–264.
Piza, E., Caplan, J., & Kennedy, L. (2014b). CCTV as a tool for early police intervention: preliminary lessons from nine case studies. Security Journal. doi:10.1057/sj.2014.17.
Ratcliffe, J. (2006). Video surveillance of public places. Problem-oriented guides for police. Response guide series. Guide No. 4. U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.
Ratcliffe, J., & Breen, C. (2008). Spatial evaluation of police tactics in context (SEPTIC) spreadsheet, version 3 (spring 2010). Downloaded from www.jratcliffe.net.
Ratcliffe, J., Taniguchi, T., & Taylor, R. (2009). The crime reduction effects of public CCTV cameras: a multi-method spatial approach. Justice Quarterly, 26(4), 746–770.
Ratcliffe, J., Taniguchi, T., Groff, E., & Wood, J. (2011). The Philadelphia foot patrol experiment: a randomized controlled trial of police patrol effectiveness in violent crime hotspots. Criminology, 49(3), 795–831.
Reid, A., & Andresen, M. (2014). An evaluation of CCTV in a car park using police and insurance data. Security Journal, 27, 57–79.
Sankoh, A., Huque, M., & Dubey, S. (1997). Some comments on frequently used multiple endpoint adjustment methods in clinical trials. Statistics in Medicine, 16(22), 2529–3542.
Sarno, C., Hough, M., & Bulos, M. (1999). Developing a picture of CCTV in Southwark Town Centres: final report. London: Criminal Policy Research Unit, South Bank University.
Sasse, M. (2010). Not seeing the crime for the cameras? Why it is difficult but essential to monitor the effectiveness of security technologies. Communications of the ACM, 53(2), 22–25.
Schulz, K. F., Altman, D. G., & Moher, D. (2010). CONSORT 2010 statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. British Medical Journal, 340, 698–702.
Sherman, L. (1990). Police crackdowns: initial and residual deterrence. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: a review of research (Vol. 12, pp. 1–48). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sherman, L. (2010). An introduction to experimental criminology. In A. Piquero & D. Weisburd (Eds.), Handbook of quantitative criminology (pp. 399–436). New York: Springer.
Sherman, L., & Eck, J. (2002). Policing for crime prevention. In L. Sherman, D. Farrington, B. Welsh, & D. MacKenzie (Eds.), Evidence-based crime prevention (pp. 295–329). New York: Routledge.
Sherman, L., Buerger, M., & Gartin, P. (1989). Repeat call address policing: the Minneapolis RECAP experiment. Washington, DC: Crime Control Institute.
Skogan, W., & Frydl, K. (eds) (2004). Fairness and effectiveness in policing: the evidence. Committee to Review Research on Police Policy and Practices. Committee on Law and Justice, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Smith, S., & Bruce, C. (2008). CrimeStat III user workbook. Washington, DC: The National Institute of Justice.
Snijders, T. (2005). Power and sample size in multilevel linear models. In B. Everitt & D. Howell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of statistics in behavioral science (Vol. 3, pp. 1570–1573). Chicester: Wiley.
Sorg, E., Haberman, C., Ratcliffe, J., & Groff, E. (2013). Foot patrol in violent crime hot spots: the longitudinal impact of deterrence and posttreatment effects of displacement. Criminology, 51(1), 65–102.
Star Ledger, The (2010). Newark finalizes 167 police layoffs after union refuses Booker’s plea to return to negotiating table. Tuesday, November 30th. Retrieved at: http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/11/union_head_expects_167_newark.html.
Taylor, E. (2010). Evaluating CCTV: why the findings are inconsistent, inconclusive and ultimately irrelevant. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, 12(4), 209–232.
Taylor, B., Koper, C., & Woods, D. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of different policing strategies at hot spots of violent crime. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 7(2), 149–181.
Telep, C., Mitchell, R., & Weisburd, D. (2012). How much time should the police spend at crime hot spots? Answers from a police agency directed randomized field trial in Sacramento, California. Justice Quarterly. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/07418825.2012.710645.
Tilley, N. (1993). Understanding car parks, crime and CCTV. London: Crime Prevention Unit Series Paper 42 Home Office.
Tuttle, B. (2009). How Newark became Newark. Piscataway: Rutgers University Press.
U.S. Census Bureau (2010). State and county quick facts. Washington, DC: United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov. Accessed 9 Sept 2013.
Uitenbroek, D. (1997). SISA binomial. Southampton. http://www.quantitativeskills.com/sisa/calculations/bonfer.htm. Accessed 5 May 2014.
Waples, S., & Gill, M. (2006). The effectiveness of redeployable CCTV. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 8, 1–16.
Warner, B., & Pierce, G. (1993). Reexamining social disorganization theory using calls to the police as a measure of crime. Criminology, 31, 493–518.
Weisburd, D. (2008). Place-based policing (Ideas in Policing Series). Washington, DC: Police Foundation.
Weisburd, D., & Eck, J. (2004). What can police do to reduce crime, disorder, and fear? Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 593, 42–65.
Weisburd, D., & Gill, C. (2014). Block randomized trials at places: rethinking the limitations of small n experiments. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 30(1), 97–112.
Weisburd, D., & Green, L. (1995). Policing drug hot spots: the Jersey City drug market analysis experiment. Justice Quarterly, 12, 711–736.
Weisburd, D., Petrosino, A., & Mason, G. (1993). Design sensitivity in criminal justice experiments. In T. Michael (Ed.), Crime and justice: an annual review of research (Vol. 17). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Weisburd, D., Wyckoff, L., Ready, J., Eck, J., Hinkle, J., & Gajewski, F. (2006). Does crime just move around the corner? A controlled study of spatial displacement and diffusion of crime control benefits. Criminology, 44(3), 549–592.
Welsh, B., & Farrington, D. (2002). Crime prevention effects of closed circuit television: a systematic review. London: Home Office (Research Study No. 25).
Welsh, B., & Farrington, D. (2007). Closed-circuit television surveillance and crime prevention: a systematic review. Stockholm: National Council for Crime Prevention.
Welsh, B., & Farrington, D. (2009). Public area CCTV and crime prevention: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Justice Quarterly, 26(4), 716–745.
Welsh, B., Braga, A., & Hollis-Peel, M. (2012). Can “disciplined passion” overcome the cynical view? An empirical inquiry of evaluator influence on police crime prevention program outcomes. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 8(4), 415–431.
Wilson, O. W. (1963). Police administration. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Wyant, B., Taylor, R., Ratcliffe, J., & Wood, J. (2012). Deterrence, firearm arrests, and subsequent shootings: a micro-level spatio-temporal analysis. Justice Quarterly, 29(4), 524–545.