Alkin, M. C. (2004). Evaluation roots: Tracing theorists’ views and influences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ashton, M. (2003). The American STAR comes to England. Alcohol and Drug Findings 8, 21–26.
Bacon, F. (1620). Novum Organum. Edited and translated by Jardine, L. and Silverthorne, M. 2000. The New Organon. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Biglan, A., Mrazek, P. J., Carnine, D. & Flay, B. R. (2003). The integration of research and practice in the prevention of youth problem behaviors. American Psychologist 58, 433–440.
Botvin, G. J. (1986). Substance abuse prevention research: Recent developments and future directions. Journal of School Health 56, 369–374.
Botvin, G. J. (2000). Inaugural editorial. Prevention Science 1, 1–2.
Botvin, G. J. & Kantor, L. W. (2000). Preventing alcohol and tobacco use through Life Skills Training. Alcohol Research and Health 24, 250–257.
Botvin, G. J., Eng, A. & Williams, C. L. (1980). Preventing the onset of cigarette smoking through life skills training. Preventive Medicine 9, 135–143.
Botvin, G. J., Renick, N. L. & Baker, E. (1983). The effects of scheduling format and booster sessions on a broad-spectrum psychosocial smoking prevention program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6, 359–379.
Botvin, G. J., Baker, E., Dusenbury, L., Tortu, S. & Botvin, E. M. (1990a). Preventing adolescent drug abuse through a multimodal cognitive-behavioral approach: Results of a 3-year study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 58, 437–446.
Botvin, G. J., Baker, E., Filazzola, A. D. & Botvin, E. M. (1990b). A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention: One-year follow-up. Addictive Behaviors 15, 47–63.
Botvin, G. J., Baker, E., Dusenbury, L., Botvin, E. M. & Diaz, T. (1995). Long-term follow-up of a randomized drug abuse prevention trial in a white middle-class population. Journal of the American Medical Association 273, 1106–1112.
Botvin, G. J., Griffin, K. W., Diaz, T., Schwier, L. M., Williams, C. & Epstein, J. A. (2000). Preventing illicit drug use in adolescents: Long-term follow-up data from a randomized control trial of a school population. Addictive Behaviors 25, 769–774.
Brown, J. H. (2001). Youth, drugs and resilience education. Journal of Drug Education 31, 83–122.
Bunge, M. (1998). Philosophy of Science: From problem to theory, vol. 1 (Revised edition). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.
Campbell, D. T. (1957). Factors relevant to the validity of experiments in social settings. Psychological Bulletin 54, 297–312.
Campbell, D. T. (1974). Evolutionary epistemology. In P. A. Schilpp (Ed.), The philosophy of Karl Popper (pp. 413–463). La Salle, IL: Open Court.
Campbell, D. T. (1984). Can we be scientific in applied Social Science? In R. F. Connor, D. G. Altman & C. Jackson (Eds.), Evaluation studies: Review annual, vol. 9 (pp. 26–48). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Campbell, D. T. (1988). The experimenting society. In E. S. Overman (Ed.), Methodology and epistemology for social science: Selected Papers–Donald T. Campbell (pp. 290–314). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Campbell, D. T. & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research on teaching. In N. L. Gage (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching (pp. 171–246). Chicago: Rand McNally.
Catalano, R. F., Kosterman, R., Hawkins, J. D., Newcomb, M. D. & Abbott, R. D. (1996). Modeling the etiology of adolescent substance use: A test of the social development model. Journal of Drug Issues 26, 429–455.
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. (2001). 2001 Annual report of the science-based prevention programs. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.
Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy. (2003). Bringing evidence-driven progress to crime and substance-abuse policy: A recommended federal strategy. Washington, DC: Council for Excellence in Government.
Cook, T. D. & Campbell, D. T. (1979). Quasi-experimentation: Design and analysis issues for field settings. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Elliott, D. S. (1998). Prevention programs that work for youth: Violence prevention. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study & Prevention of Violence, University of Colorado.
Farrington, D. P. (2003). Methodological quality standards for evaluation research. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 587, 49–58.
Farrington, D. P. & Welsh, B. C. (1999). Delinquency prevention using family-based interventions. Children and Society 13, 287–303.
Gerstein D. R. & Green, L. W. (1993). Preventing drug abuse: What do we know? Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Gillmore, M. R., Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Day, L. E., Moore, M. & Abbott, R. (1991). Structure of problem behaviors in preadolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59, 499–506.
Goodstadt, M. S. (1980). Drug education–A turn on or a turn off. Journal of Drug Education 10, 89–99.
Gorman, D. M. (1995). On the difference between statistical and practical significance in school-based drug abuse prevention. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy 2, 275–283.
Gorman, D. M. (1996). Etiological theories and the primary prevention of drug use. Journal of Drug Issues 26, 505–520.
Gorman, D. M. (1997). The failure of drug education. The Public Interest No. 129, 50–60.
Gorman, D. M. (1998). The irrelevance of evidence in the development of school-based drug prevention policy, 1986–1996. Evaluation Review 22, 118–146.
Gorman, D. M. (2002a). The “Science” of drug and alcohol prevention: The case of the randomized trial of the Life Skills Training (LST) Program. International Journal of Drug Policy 13, 21–26.
Gorman, D. M. (2002b). Defining and operationalizing “research-based” prevention: A critique (with case studies) of the US Department of Education’s Safe, Disciplined and Drug-Free Schools Exemplary Programs. Evaluation & Program Planning 25, 295–302.
Gorman, D. M. (2002c). Overstating the behavioral effects of the Seattle Social Development Project (letter). Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 156, 1155.
Gorman, D. M. (2003a). Prevention programs and scientific nonsense. Policy Review No. 117, 65–75.
Gorman, D. M. (2003b). The best of practices, the worst of practices: The making of science-based primary prevention programs. Psychiatric Services 54, 1087–1089.
Gorman, D. M. (2003c). Assessing outcomes of prevention interventions: In reply. Psychiatric Services 54, 1548.
Gorman, D. M. (2005). Does measurement dependence explain the effects of the Life Skills Training program on smoking outcomes? Preventive Medicine 40, 479–487.
Gorman, D. M. & Speer, P. W. (1996). Preventing alcohol abuse and alcohol-related problems through community interventions: A review of evaluation studies. Psychology & Health 11, 95–131.
Gottfredson, D. C., Wilson, D. B. & Najaka, S. S. (2002). School-based crime prevention. In L. W. Sherman, D. P. Farrington, B. C. Welsh & D. L. MacKenzie (Eds.), Evidence-based crime prevention (pp. 56–164). New York: Routledge.
Gruner, A., Murphy-Graham, E., Petrosino, A., Remignanti, S., & Weiss, C. H. (in review). The devil is in the details: Examining the evidence for “proven” school-based drug abuse prevention programs. Prevention Science.
Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Jones, G. & Fine, D. (1987). Delinquency prevention through parent training: Results and issues from work in progress. In J. Q. Wilson & G. C. Lowry (Eds.), From Children to Citizens: Families, Schools, and Delinquency Prevention, vol. 3 (pp. 186–204). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Hawkins, J. D., Von Cleve, E. & Catalano, R. F. (1991). Reducing early childhood aggression: Results of a primary prevention program. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry 30, 208–217.
Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Jones, G. & Fine, D. (1992). The Seattle Social Development Project: Effects of the first four years on protective factors and problem behaviors. In J. McCord & R. E. Tremblay (Eds.), Preventing Antisocial Behavior: Interventions from Birth through Adolescence (pp. 139–161). New York: Guilford Press.
Hawkins, J. D., Arthur, M. W. & Catalano, R. F. (1995). Preventing substance abuse. In M. Tonry & D. Farrington (Eds.), Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention (pp. 343–427). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Kosterman, R., Abbott, R. & Hill, K. G. (1999). Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine 153, 226–234.
Hawkins, J. D., Lonczak, H. S., Abbott, R. D., Kosterman, R. & Catalano, R. F. (2002). Overstating the behavioral effects of the Seattle Social Development Project: In reply, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 156, 1155–1156.
Lincoln, Y. S. & Guba, E. G. (2004). The roots of fourth generation evaluation: theoretical and methodological origins. In M. C. Alkin (Ed.), Evaluation roots: Tracing theorists’ views and influences (pp. 225–241). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kinder, B. N., Pape, N. E, & Walfish, S. (1980). Drug and alcohol education programs: A review of outcome studies. International Journal of the Addictions 15, 1035–1054.
MacCoun, R. J. & Reuter, P. (2001). Drug war heresies: Learning from other vices, times, and places. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Meehl, P. E. (1997). Credentialed persons, credentialed knowledge. Clinical Psychology 4, 91–97.
Mihalic, S., Irwin, K., Elliott, D., Fagan, A. & Hansen, D. (2001). Blueprints for Violence Prevention (OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin). Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.
Minkler, M. & Wallerstein, N. (2003). Community based participatory research in health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (2003). Preventing drug use among children and adolescents: A research-based guide for parents, educators, and community leaders. 2nd edn. Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services.
Petrosino, A. (2003). Standards for evidence and evidence for standards: The case of school-based drug prevention. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 587, 180–207.
Popper, K. R. (1963). Conjectures and Refutations: The growth of scientific knowledge. New York: Routledge.
Popper, K. R. (1966). The open society and its enemies: Volume II–Hegel and Marx. 5th edn. revised. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Popper, K. R. (1985). The problem of demarcation. In D. Miller (Ed.), Popper Selections (pp. 118–130). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rossi, P. H. (1987). The iron law of evaluation and other metallic rules. Research in Social Problems & Public Policy 4, 3–20.
Rossi, P. H. & Freeman, H. E. (1979). Evaluation: A systematic approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Schinke, S., Brounstein, P. & Gardner, S. (2002). Science-based prevention programs and principles, 2002. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Shadish, W. R. & Luellen, J. K. (2004). Donald Campbell: The accidental evaluator. In M.C. Alkin (Ed.). Evaluation roots: Tracing theorists’ views and influences (pp. 80–87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Sherman, L. W. (2003). Misleading evidence and evidence-led policy: Making social science more experimental. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 589, 6–19.
Sherman. L. W., Gottfredson, D. C., MacKenzie, D. L., Eck, J., Reuter, P. & Bushway, S. D. (1998). Preventing crime: What works, what doesn’t, what’s promising (National Institute of Justice Research in Brief). Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.
Sherman, L. W., Farrington, D. P., Welsh, B. C. & MacKenzie, D. L. (2002). Evidence-based crime prevention. New York: Routledge.
US Department of Education Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-Free Schools Expert Panel. (2001). Exemplary and promising safe, disciplined, and drug-free schools programs 2001. Jessup, MD: US Department of Education.
US Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Youth violence: A report of the surgeon general. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services.
US General Accounting Office. (1997). Safe and drug-free schools: Balancing accountability and local flexibility. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office.
Weiss, C. H. (1972). Evaluation research: Methods of assessing program effectiveness. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Weisburd, D., Lum, C. M. & Yang, S. -M. (2003). When can we conclude that treatments or programs “don’t work”? Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 587, 31–48.