Advertisement

Ecological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 1103–1111 | Cite as

Latitude and elevation as factors controlling occurrence of calanoid copepods in marginal lotic waters in New South Wales, Australia

  • Tsuyoshi KobayashiEmail author
  • Jan Miller
  • Ian A. E. Bayly
  • Cheryl Tang
  • Simon J. Hunter
  • Timothy J. Ralph
  • Luke Stone
Original Article
  • 155 Downloads

Abstract

Freshwater calanoid copepods develop abundant populations in lentic water bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and lagoons. In this study, we examined the potential habitat value of edges in lotic systems such as creeks and rivers where waters tend to stagnate, providing lentic-like environments. We examined a total of 353 edge samples collected from 321 sites across the state of New South Wales, Australia, with latitudes in the range 28.3–37.4°S and elevations in the range 2–1834 m above sea level. Of the total samples examined, calanoid copepods were found in 94 samples, with the frequency of occurrences of species decreasing in the order: Boeckella fluvialis Henry, B. triarticulata (Thomson), Gladioferens spinosus Henry, G. pectinatus (Brady), B. major Searle, B. minuta Sars, and Calamoecia lucasi Brady. The probability of occurrence of the calanoid copepods was related negatively to both latitude (as absolute values) and elevation, based on logistic regression models. We conclude that the edges of many lotic systems provide additional habitats for some species of freshwater calanoid copepods, with constraints on their distributions along latitudinal and elevational gradients.

Keywords

Biogeographical distribution Centropagidae Crustacea Freshwater biodiversity Lotic-water edges 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Sonia Claus, Gunther Theischinger, Steve Jacobs, Dan Mawer, Chris Rush, Marion Huxley and Martin Krogh for help in field work; and Hugh Jones for comments. This work was partly supported by the Murray-Darling Basin Authority, NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, and Snowy Hydro. The views and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official policies, either expressed or implied, by the respective organisations.

References

  1. Adamowicz SJ, Menu-Marque S, Halse SA, Topan JC, Zemlak TS, Hebert PD, Witt JD (2010) The evolutionary diversification of the Centropagidae (Crustacea, Calanoida): a history of habitat shifts. Mol Phylogenet Evol 55:418–430.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.008 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Allan JD, Palmer M, Poff NL (2005) Climate change and freshwater ecosystems. In: Lovejoy TE, Hannah L (eds) Climate change and biodiversity. Yale University Press, New Haven, pp 274–290Google Scholar
  3. Arnott GH (1968) An ecological study of the zooplankton of the Gippsland Lakes with special reference to the Calanoida BSc (Hons) Dissertation. Monash University, ClaytonGoogle Scholar
  4. Bayly IAE (1961) A revision of the inland water genus Calamoecia (Copepoda: Calanoida). Aust J Mar Freshwater Res 12:54–91.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9610054 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bayly IAE (1963) A revision of the coastal water genus Gladioferens (Copepoda: Calanoida). Aust J Mar Freshwater Res 14:194–217.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9630194 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bayly IAE (1964) A revision of the Australasian species of the freshwater genera Boeckella and Hemiboeckella (Copepoda: Calanoida). Aust J Mar Freshw Res 15:180–238.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9640180 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bayly IAE (1992) The non-marine Centropagidae (Copepoda: Calanoida) of the world. Guides to the identification of the macroinvertebrates of the continental Waters of the world. SPB Academic Publishing bv, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  8. Bayly IAE (1995) Distinctive aspects of the zooplankton of large lakes in Australasia, Antarctica and South America. Mar Freshw Res 46:1109–1120.  https://doi.org/10.1071/mf9951109 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bayly IAE (1998) New species of Calamoecia and Boeckella (freshwater Copepoda: Calanoida) from Western Australia and Queensland. J Roy Soc West Aust 81:177–182Google Scholar
  10. Beck J, McCain CM, Axmacher JC, Ashton LA, Bärtschi F, Brehm G, Choi S-W, Cizek O, Colwell RK, Fiedler K, Francois CL, Highland S, Holloway JD, Intachat J, Kadlec T, Kitching RL, Maunsell SC, Merckx T, Nakamura A, Odell E, Sang W, Toko PS, Zamecnik J, Zou Y, Novotny V (2017) Elevational species richness gradients in a hyperdiverse insect taxon: a global meta-study on geometrid moths. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 26:412–424.  https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12548 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Boxshall GA, Defaye D (2008) Global diversity of copepods (Crustacea: Copepoda) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:195–207.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9014-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chessman BC (2009) Climatic changes and 13-year trends in stream macroinvertebrate assemblages in New South Wales, Australia. Glob Change Biol 15:2791–2802.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01840.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Costin A, Gray M, Totterdell C, Wimbush D (2000) Kosciuszko alpine flora, 2nd edn. CSIRO Publishing, CollingwoodGoogle Scholar
  14. Crome FHJ, Carpenter SM (1988) Plankton community cycling and recovery after drought–dynamics in a basin on a flood plain. Hydrobiologia 164:193–211.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005940 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davies PE, Stewardson MJ, Hillman TJ, Roberts JR, Thoms MC (2012) Sustainable rivers audit 2: the ecological health of rivers in the Murray-Darling Basin at the end of the Millennium Drought (2008–2010), vol 1. Murray-Darling Basin Authority, CanberraGoogle Scholar
  16. Fox J, Weisberg S (2011) An R companion to applied regression, 2nd edn. SAGE Publications, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  17. Gaston KJ (2000) Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature 405:220–227.  https://doi.org/10.1038/35012228 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Giller PS, Malmqvist B (1998) The biology of streams and rivers. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Harding JS, Winterbourn MJ, McDiffett WF (1997) Stream faunas and ecoregions in South Island, New Zealand: do they correspond? Arch Hydrobiol 140:289–307.  https://doi.org/10.1127/archiv-hydrobiol/140/1997/289 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heino J, Virkkala R, Toivonen H (2009) Climate change and freshwater biodiversity: detected patterns, future trends and adaptations in northern regions. Biol Rev 84:39–54.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2008.00060.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Henriques-Silva R, Pinel-Alloul B, Peres-Neto PR (2016) Climate, history and life-history strategies interact in explaining differential macroecological patterns in freshwater zooplankton. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 25:1454–1465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Henry M (1922) A monograph of the freshwater Entomostraca of New South Wales. Part II. Copepoda. Proc Linn Soc NSW 47:551–570Google Scholar
  23. Hosmer DW Jr, Lemeshow S, Sturdivant RX (2013) Applied logistic regression. Wiley, New JerseyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Knouft JH, Ficklin DL (2017) The potential impacts of climate change on biodiversity in flowing freshwater systems. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 48:111–133.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-110316-022803 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kobayashi T (1995) Different patterns of resource use between two coexisting freshwater calanoid species. Mar Freshw Res 46:481–484.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9950481 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kobayashi T, Gibbs P, Shiel RJ (1998a) Daytime vertical distribution of microzooplankton in the Hawkesbury-Nepean River. Proc Linn Soc NSW 120:129–138Google Scholar
  27. Kobayashi T, Shiel RJ, Gibbs P, Dixon PI (1998b) Freshwater zooplankton in the Hawkesbury-Nepean River: comparison of community structure with other rivers. Hydrobiologia 377:133–145.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1003240511366 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kobayashi T, Bayly IAE, Hunter SJ, Jacobs SJ, Treanor MB (2012) First record of Hemiboeckella seali Sars, 1912 (Calanoida: Centropagidae) in New South Wales. Proc Linn Soc NSW 134:B199–B204Google Scholar
  29. Lair N (2006) A review of regulation mechanisms of metazoan plankton in riverine ecosystems: aquatic habitat versus biota. River Res Appl 22:567–593.  https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.923 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lomolino M (2001) Elevation gradients of species-density: historical and prospective views. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 10:3–13.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1466-822x.2001.00229.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Malmqvist B, Rundle S (2002) Threats to the running water ecosystems of the world. Environ Conserv 29:134–153.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000097 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Maly EJ (1984) Dispersal ability and relative abundance of Boeckella and Calamoecia (Copepoda: Calanoida) in Australian and New Zealand waters. Oecologia 62:173–181.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00379010 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Maly EJ, Bayly IAE (1991) Factors influencing biogeographic patterns of Australasian centropagid copepods. J Biogeogr 18:455–461.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2845486 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Marneffe Y, Descy JP, Thomé JP (1996) The zooplankton of the lower river Meuse, Belgium: seasonal changes and impact of industrial and municipal discharges. Hydrobiologia 319:1–3.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00020966 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marrone F, Alfonso G, Naselli-Flores L, Stoch F (2017) Diversity patterns and biogeography of Diaptomidae (Copepoda, Calanoida) in the Western Palearctic. Hydrobiologia 800:45–60.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3216-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Marshall JC, Steward AL, Harch BD (2006) Taxonomic resolution and quantification of freshwater macroinvertebrate samples from an Australian dryland river: the benefits and costs of using species abundance data. Hydrobiologia 572:171–194.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-9007-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. McCain CM (2009) Vertebrate range sizes indicate that mountains may be ‘higher’ in the tropics. Ecol Lett 12:550–560.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01308.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. McCain CM, Grytnes J-A (2010) Elevational gradients in species richness. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). Wiley, Chichester.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0022548
  39. McDonald JH (2014) Handbook of biological statistics, 3rd edn. Sparky House Publishing, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  40. Muschal M, Turak E, Gilligan D, Sayers J, Healey M (2010) Riverine ecosystems, technical report series of the NSW monitoring, evaluation and reporting program. NSW Office of Water, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  41. Nogués-Bravo D, Araújo MB, Romdal T, Rahbek C (2008) Scale effects and human impact on the elevational species richness gradients. Nature 453:216–219.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06812 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Perbiche-Neves G, Boxshall GA, Nogueira MG, da Rocha CE (2014) Trends in planktonic copepod diversity in reservoirs and lotic stretches in a large river basin in South America. Mar Freshw Res 65:727–737.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF13109 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Previattelli D, Perbiche-Neves G, Menu-Marque S, Falavigna da Rocha CE (2015) Range extension of Boeckella bergi Richard, 1897 (Crustacea: Copepoda: Centropagidae), with comments on the taxonomy of the species. Biota Neotrop 15:e20140076.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1676-06032015007614 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Quinlan K, Bayly IAE (2017) A new species of Boeckella (Copepoda: Calanoida) from arid Western Australia, an updated key, and aspects of claypan ecology. Rec West Aust Mus 32:191–206 (10.18195/issn.0312-3162.32(32 2).2017.191-206) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. R Core Team (2018) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/. Accessed 6 February 2018
  46. Rahbek C (2005) The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species-richness patterns. Ecol Lett 8:224–239.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00701.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rautio M, Bayly IAE, Gibson JA, Nyman M (2008) Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies. In: Vincent WF, Laybourn-Parry J (eds) Polar lakes and rivers: limnology of arctic and antarctic aquatic ecosystems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 231–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Shiel R, Walker KF, Williams WD (1982) Plankton of the lower River Murray, South Australia. Aust J Mar Freshw Res 33:301–327.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9820301 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sommer U, Stibor H (2002) Copepoda—Cladocera—Tunicata: the role of three major mesozooplankton groups in pelagic food webs. Ecol Res 17:161–174.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1703.2002.00476.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Szewczyk T, McCain CM (2016) A systematic review of global drivers of ant elevational diversity. PLoS One 11:e0155404.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155404 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  51. Thoms MC, Sheldon F (2000) Lowland rivers: an Australian introduction. River Res Appl 16:375–383 (10.1002/1099-1646(200009/10)16:5<375:AID-RRR591>3.0.CO;2-#) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Timms BV (1970) Chemical and zooplankton studies of lentic habitats in north-eastern New South Wales. Aust J Mar Freshw Res 21:11–34.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF9700011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Timms BV (1997) Study of coastal freshwater lakes in southern New South Wales. Mar Freshw Res 48:249–256.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF96049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Timms BV (2001) Large freshwater lakes in arid Australia: a review of their Limnology and threats to their future. Lakes Reserv Res Manag 6:183–196.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1770.2001.00132.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Turak E, Waddell N, Johnstone G (2004) New South Wales (NSW) Australian River Assessment System (AUSRIVAS) sampling and processing manual. Depart Environ Conserv, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  56. Willig MR, Kaufman DM, Stevens RD (2003) Latitudinal gradients of biodiversity: pattern, process, scale, and synthesis. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 34:273–309.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.012103.144032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science DivisionOffice of Environment and Heritage NSWSydney SouthAustralia
  2. 2.KilliecrankieAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Sydney WaterWest RydeAustralia

Personalised recommendations