Ecological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 1103–1111 | Cite as

Latitude and elevation as factors controlling occurrence of calanoid copepods in marginal lotic waters in New South Wales, Australia

  • Tsuyoshi KobayashiEmail author
  • Jan Miller
  • Ian A. E. Bayly
  • Cheryl Tang
  • Simon J. Hunter
  • Timothy J. Ralph
  • Luke Stone
Original Article


Freshwater calanoid copepods develop abundant populations in lentic water bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and lagoons. In this study, we examined the potential habitat value of edges in lotic systems such as creeks and rivers where waters tend to stagnate, providing lentic-like environments. We examined a total of 353 edge samples collected from 321 sites across the state of New South Wales, Australia, with latitudes in the range 28.3–37.4°S and elevations in the range 2–1834 m above sea level. Of the total samples examined, calanoid copepods were found in 94 samples, with the frequency of occurrences of species decreasing in the order: Boeckella fluvialis Henry, B. triarticulata (Thomson), Gladioferens spinosus Henry, G. pectinatus (Brady), B. major Searle, B. minuta Sars, and Calamoecia lucasi Brady. The probability of occurrence of the calanoid copepods was related negatively to both latitude (as absolute values) and elevation, based on logistic regression models. We conclude that the edges of many lotic systems provide additional habitats for some species of freshwater calanoid copepods, with constraints on their distributions along latitudinal and elevational gradients.


Biogeographical distribution Centropagidae Crustacea Freshwater biodiversity Lotic-water edges 



We thank Sonia Claus, Gunther Theischinger, Steve Jacobs, Dan Mawer, Chris Rush, Marion Huxley and Martin Krogh for help in field work; and Hugh Jones for comments. This work was partly supported by the Murray-Darling Basin Authority, NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, and Snowy Hydro. The views and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official policies, either expressed or implied, by the respective organisations.


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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science DivisionOffice of Environment and Heritage NSWSydney SouthAustralia
  2. 2.KilliecrankieAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Sydney WaterWest RydeAustralia

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