Advertisement

Ecological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 225–236 | Cite as

Disturbance disrupts the relation between community similarity and environmental distance at small spatial scale

  • Verónica Díaz Villanueva
  • Gustavo Mariluan
  • Ricardo Albariño
Original Article
  • 185 Downloads

Abstract

Aquatic invertebrate distribution within a fluvial network is affected both by dispersal capabilities of the species and changes in the environment along spatial gradients. Disturbance that affects part of the network may represent an abrupt change in environmental gradients, which should be reflected on its communities. We analysed whether the composition of benthic insect communities is associated to environmental and geographic distances in a small catchment, partially disturbed by a wildfire (non burned forest-control: C, moderate impacted: I and burned zones: B). We postulated that changes in main resource availability differently affect certain functional feeding groups. We found that taxonomic differences were related to the disturbance condition but not to the distance among streams and that the effect of disturbance targeted mostly on shredders. Environmental differences were larger among C sites than among B sites, but community taxonomic composition was more similar among C than B sites. As a result, neither environmental nor geographic distances explained community similarity. When the analysis was scaled up by incorporating new data from a larger area, community similarity was explained both by environmental and geographic distance, independently (i.e. geographic and environmental distances did not correlate). Our results highlight the influence of a disturbance on the riparian vegetation on the benthic community composition and functional structure of forested streams, and showed the effect of scale in habitat association, as environmental and geographic distance together explained community similarity when the spatial scale was enlarged.

Keywords

Species distribution Functional groups Benthic community Stream network Riparian vegetation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We want to thank the valuable comments and suggestions of the two reviewers. Research was done at the Laboratory of Limnology, INIBIOMA-CONICET-UNComa with funds from FONCyT (PICT 2014-1604 and PICT 2016-0959).

References

  1. Albariño RJ, Díaz Villanueva V (2006) Feeding ecology of two plecopterans in low order Andean-Patagonian Streams. Int Rev Hydrobiol 91:122–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albariño R, Villanueva VD, Buria L (2009) Leaf litter dynamics in a forested small Andean catchment, northern Patagonia, Argentina. In: Oyarzún C, Verhoest N, Boeckx P, Godoy R (eds) Ecological advances on Chilean temperate rainforests Academia Press, Ghent, Belgium, pp 183–211Google Scholar
  3. Altermatt F, Seymour M, Martinez N, Sadler J (2013) River network properties shape α-diversity and community similarity patterns of aquatic insect communities across major drainage basins. J Biogeogr 40:2249–2260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. APHA (2005) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  5. Astorga A, Oksanen J, Luoto M, Soininen J, Virtanen R, Muotka T (2012) Distance decay of similarity in freshwater communities: do macro- and microorganisms follow the same rules? Global Ecol Biogeogr 21:365–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benavides-Solorio J, MacDonald LH (2001) Post-fire runoff and erosion from simulated rainfall on small plots, Colorado Front Range. Hydrol Process 15:2931–2952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benstead JP, Pringle CM (2004) Deforestation alters the resource base and biomass of endemic stream insects in eastern Madagascar. Freshw Biol 49:490–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bladon KD, Silins U, Wagner MJ, Stone M, Emelko MB, Mendoza CA, Devito KJ, Boon S (2008) Wildfire impacts on nitrogen concentration and production from headwater streams in southern Alberta’s Rocky Mountains. Can J Forest Res 38:2359–2371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boyero L, Pearson RG, Swan CM, Hui C, Albariño RJ, Arunachalam M, Callisto M, Chará J, Chará-Serna AM, Chauvet E (2015) Latitudinal gradient of nestedness and its potential drivers in stream detritivores. Ecography 38:949–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cardinale BJ, Bennett DM, Nelson CE, Gross K (2009) Does productivity drive diversity or vice versa? A test of the multivariate productivity–diversity hypothesis in streams. Ecology 90:1227–1241CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chase JM (2014) Spatial scale resolves the niche versus neutral theory debate. J Veg Sci 25:319–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clarke KR, Warwick RM (2001) PRIMER v5: user manual/tutorial. Primer-E Limited, Plymouth, UKGoogle Scholar
  13. Clarke A, Mac Nally R, Bond N, Lake PS (2008) Macroinvertebrate diversity in headwater streams: a review. Freshw Biol 53:1707–1721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cooper SD, Page HM, Wiseman SW, Klose K, Bennett D, Even T, Sadro S, Nelson CE, Dudley TL (2015) Physicochemical and biological responses of streams to wildfire severity in riparian zones. Freshw Biol 60:2600–2619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Death RG (2002) Predicting invertebrate diversity from disturbance regimes in forest streams. Oikos 97:18–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Díaz S, Cabido M (2001) Vive la différence: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. Trends Ecol Evol 16:646–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Díaz Villanueva V, Albarino RJ (1999) Feeding habit of Notoperla archiplatae (Plecoptera) larvae in a North Patagonia Andean stream, Argentina. Hydrobiologia 412:43–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Díaz Villanueva V, Albariño RJ, Modenutti B (2004) Grazing impact of two aquatic invertebrates on periphyton from an Andean-Patagonian stream. Arch fur Hydrobiol 159:455–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Díaz Villanueva V, Buria L, Albariño R (2010) Primary consumers and resources: annual variation in two contrasting reaches of a Patagonian mountain stream. Ann Limnol Int J Limnol 46:21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Finn DS, Theobald DM, Black WC, Poff NL (2006) Spatial population genetic structure and limited dispersal in a Rocky Mountain alpine stream insect. Mol Ecol 15:3553–3566CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Fritz KM, Dodds WK (2004) Resistance and resilience of macroinvertebrate assemblages to drying and flood in a tallgrass prairie stream system. Hydrobiologia 527:99–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Garzon-Lopez CX, Jansen PA, Bohlman SA, Ordonez A, Olff H (2014) Effects of sampling scale on patterns of habitat association in tropical trees. J Veg Sci 25:349–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Giller PS, Hillebrand H, Berninger UG, Gessner M, Hawkins S, Inchausti P, Inglis C, Leslie H, Malmqvist B, Monaghan MT, Morin PJ, O’Mullan G (2004) Biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: emerging issues and their experimental test in aquatic environments. Oikos 104:423–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hall RO Jr, Wallace JB, Eggert SL (2000) Organic matter flow in stream food webs with reduced detrital resource base. Ecology 81:3445–3463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hawkins CP, Mykrä H, Oksanen J, Vander Laan JJ (2015) Environmental disturbance can increase beta diversity of stream macroinvertebrate assemblages. Global Ecol Biogeogr 24:483–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Heino J, Mykrä H (2008) Control of stream insect assemblages: roles of spatial configuration and local environmental factors. Ecol Entomol 33:614–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Heino J, Melo AS, Siqueira T, Soininen J, Valanko S, Bini LM (2015) Metacommunity organisation, spatial extent and dispersal in aquatic systems: patterns, processes and prospects. Freshw Biol 60:845–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hubbell SP (2001) The unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography (MPB-32), vol 32. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  29. Hughes JM (2007) Constraints on recovery: using molecular methods to study connectivity of aquatic biota in rivers and streams. Freshw Biol 52:616–631.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01722.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hutchinson GE (1953) The concept of pattern in ecology. Proc Acad Nat Sci Phila 105:1–12Google Scholar
  31. Kasangaki A, Chapman LJ, Balirwa J (2008) Land use and the ecology of benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages of high-altitude rainforest streams in Uganda. Freshw Biol 53:681–697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kitzberger T, Raffaele E, Heinemann K, Mazzarino MJ (2005) Effects of fire severity in a north Patagonian subalpine forest. J Veg Sci 16:5–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Legendre P, Legendre LF (2012) Numerical ecology, vol 24. Elsevier, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
  34. Lepori F, Hjerdt N (2006) Disturbance and aquatic biodiversity: reconciling contrasting views. Bioscience 56:809–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Loreau M, Naeem S, Inchausti P, Bengtsson J, Grime JP, Hector A, Hooper DU, Huston MA, Raffaelli D, Schmid B, Tilman D, Wardle DA (2001) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges. Science 294:804–808CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Mariluan GD (2017) Caracterización de arroyos de cabecera temporarios y permanentes del norte de la patagonia andina. Phd, Universidad Nacional del ComahueGoogle Scholar
  37. Mauad M, Miserendino ML, Risso MA, Massaferro J (2015) Assessing the performance of macroinvertebrate metrics in the Challhuaco-Ñireco System (Northern Patagonia, Argentina). Iheringia Série Zool 105:348–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. McIntire CD, Gregory SV, Steinman AD, Lamberti GA (1996) Modeling benthic algal communities: an example from stream ecology. In: Stevenson RJ, Bothwell ML, Lowe RL, Thorp JH (eds) Algal ecology: freshwater benthic ecosystem. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 669–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mellon CD, Wipfli MS, Li JL (2008) Effects of forest fire on headwater stream macroinvertebrate communities in eastern Washington, U.S.A. Freshw Biol 53:2331–2343Google Scholar
  40. Mermoz M, Kitzberger T, Veblen T (2005) Landscape influences on occurrence and spread of wildfires in patagonian forests and shrublands. Ecology 86:2705–2715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Merritt RW, Cummins KW (1996) An introduction to the aquatic insects of North America. Kendall Hunt, DubuqueGoogle Scholar
  42. Mihuc T, Minshall GW (1995) Trophic generalists vs. trophic specialists: implications for food web dynamics in post-fire streams. Ecology 76:2361–2372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Myers JA, Chase JM, Crandall RM, Jiménez I, Austin A (2015) Disturbance alters beta-diversity but not the relative importance of community assembly mechanisms. J Ecol 103:1291–1299.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12436 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Mykrä H, Heino J, Muotka T (2007) Scale-related patterns in the spatial and environmental components of stream macroinvertebrate assemblage variation. Global Ecol Biogeogr 16:149–159.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00272.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Nusch E (1980) Comparison of different methods for chlorophyll and phaeopigment determination. Arch Hydrobiol 14:14–36Google Scholar
  46. Pettit NE, Naiman RJ (2007) Fire in the Riparian Zone: characteristics and ecological consequences. Ecosystems 10:673–687.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9048-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Quinn GP, Keough MJ (2002) Experimental design and data analysis for biologists. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rugenski AT, Minshall GW (2014) Climate-moderated responses to wildfire by macroinvertebrates and basal food resources in montane wilderness streams. Ecosphere.  https://doi.org/10.1890/es13-00236.1 Google Scholar
  49. Sabater F, Buttirini A, Martí E, Muñoz I, Romaní A, Wray J, Sabater S (2000) Effects of riparian vegetation removal on nutrient retention in a Mediterranean stream. J N Am Benthol Soc 19:609–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Saito VS, Soininen J, Fonseca-Gessner AA, Siqueira T (2015) Dispersal traits drive the phylogenetic distance decay of similarity in Neotropical stream metacommunities. J Biogeogr 42:2101–2111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Schmera D, Baur B, Erős T (2012) Does functional redundancy of communities provide insurance against human disturbances? An analysis using regional-scale stream invertebrate data. Hydrobiologia 693:183–194.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1107-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sircom J, Walde SJ (2011) Niches and neutral processes contribute to the resource-diversity relationships of stream detritivores. Freshw Biol 56:877–888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Spencer CN, Gabel KO, Hauer FR (2003) Wildfire effects on stream food webs and nutrient dynamics in Glacier National Park, USA. Forest Ecol Manag 178:141–153.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(03)00058-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stevenson RJ, Bothwell ML, Lowe RL, Thorp JH (1996) Algal ecology: Freshwater benthic ecosystem. Academic press, San Diego, USAGoogle Scholar
  55. Straka M, Syrovátka V, Helešic J (2012) Temporal and spatial macroinvertebrate variance compared: crucial role of CPOM in a headwater stream. Hydrobiologia 686:119–134.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1003-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Studinski JM, Hartman KJ, Niles JM, Keyser P (2012) The effects of riparian forest disturbance on stream temperature, sedimentation, and morphology. Hydrobiologia 686:107–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Thompson R, Townsend C (2006) A truce with neutral theory: local deterministic factors, species traits and dispersal limitation together determine patterns of diversity in stream invertebrates. J Anim Ecol 75:476–484CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Tilman D (1982) Resource competition and community structure. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, USAGoogle Scholar
  59. Tonkin JD, Death RG, Collier KJ (2012) Do productivity and disturbance interact to modulate macroinvertebrate diversity in streams? Hydrobiologia 701:159–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tonkin JD, Sundermann A, Jähnig SC, Haase P (2015) Environmental controls on river assemblages at the regional scale: an application of the elements of metacommunity structure framework. PLoS ONE 10:e0135450CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Tonkin JD, Stoll S, Jähnig SC, Haase P (2016) Contrasting metacommunity structure and beta diversity in an aquatic-floodplain system. Oikos 125:686–697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Townsend C, Scarsbrook MR (1997) The intermediate disturbance hypothesis, refugia, and biodiversity in streams. Limnol Oceanogr 42:938–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Veblen TT, Kitzberger T, Lara A (1992) Disturbance and forest dynamics along a transect from Andean rain forest to Patagonian shrubland. J Veg Sci 3:507–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Velásquez SM, Miserendino ML (2003) Habitat type and macroinvertebrate assemblages in low order Patagonian streams. Arch Hydrobiol 158:461–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wood ED, Armstrong F, Richards FA (1967) Determination of nitrate in sea water by cadmium-copper reduction to nitrite. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 47:23–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Verónica Díaz Villanueva
    • 1
  • Gustavo Mariluan
    • 1
  • Ricardo Albariño
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Limnology, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasUniversidad Nacional del ComahueBarilocheArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Photobiology, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasUniversidad Nacional del ComahueBarilocheArgentina

Personalised recommendations