Ecological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 19–34 | Cite as

The International Long-Term Ecological Research–East Asia–Pacific Regional Network (ILTER-EAP): history, development, and perspectives

  • Eun-Shik Kim
  • Yongyut Trisurat
  • Hiroyuki MuraokaEmail author
  • Hideaki Shibata
  • Victor Amoroso
  • Bazartseren Boldgiv
  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki
  • Abd Rahman Kassim
  • Young-Sun Kim
  • Hong Quan Nguyen
  • Nobuhito Ohte
  • Perry S. Ong
  • Chiao-Ping Wang
Special Feature: Current Topics in Ecology Biodiversity and Its Ecological Functions in East-Asia and Pacific Region: Status and Challenges


There are growing needs to broaden and deepen our multi-faceted understanding of the ecosystems, and the networks of Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) can play significant roles in fostering and applying ecosystem studies at regional and global scales. The International LTER Network (ILTER) is organized as a global network of field research sites and scientists to address current ecological issues such as biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation within a globally changing environment. The ILTER East Asia–Pacific Regional Network (ILTER-EAP) is one of the four constituent ILTER regional networks. Since 1995, ILTER-EAP has been developed to promote data sharing, research collaborations and capability building in the science and to bridge gaps between societal needs and scientific imperatives on concerns in the Asia–Pacific Region. Currently, ILTER-EAP comprises nine formal ILTER members and two associate networks. Their activities involve long-term and multiple-site observations of structural, functional and developmental aspects of ecosystems, data sharing, and bridging society and ecological science. This paper presents a review of the activities of ILTER-EAP, focusing on its: (1) vision and the development following its inception, (2) scientific activities and major outputs related to selected thematic areas, (3) contributions from ILTER-EAP to the international initiatives, and (4) future challenges and opportunities relating to its development and role in facilitating regional and global research collaborations. Accordingly, regional research questions were identified that could be most effectively addressed by opening up a common research platform, integrated data management system and the network science, which is open to all interested parties.


Biodiversity Carbon cycle Ecohydrology Global in situ network Nitrogen cycle 



The authors thank Nguyen Kim Loi (Nong Lam University) and Thu Huyen Do (Vietnam National University) for organizing the 11th biennial conference of ILTER-EAP which facilitated the discussion among the networks, Hen-biau King (TERN-Taiwan, former Chair of ILTER and ILTER-EAP) for suggesting the way forward; Yiching Lin and Chau-chin Lin (TERN-Taiwan), Tsutom Hiura (JaLTER), Xiubo Yu (CERN), Michael Liddel (TERN-Australia) for their valuable inputs and comments on a draft of this paper; the ILTER-DEIMS developing team for their contributions to geographical and thematic analyses; and Herbert Haubold (ILTER) for his careful reading of the draft of this manuscript. We thank Atsushi Kume, Masahiro Nakaoka and Yuko Aoshima from Ecological Research for giving us the opportunity to present this paper. We thank the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on our manuscript. Last, this review paper would not have been possible without previous and on-going research conducted by scientists within ILTER-EAP and its member networks.

Supplementary material

11284_2017_1523_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (253 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 253 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eun-Shik Kim
    • 1
  • Yongyut Trisurat
    • 2
  • Hiroyuki Muraoka
    • 3
    Email author
  • Hideaki Shibata
    • 4
  • Victor Amoroso
    • 5
  • Bazartseren Boldgiv
    • 6
    • 7
  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki
    • 8
  • Abd Rahman Kassim
    • 9
  • Young-Sun Kim
    • 1
  • Hong Quan Nguyen
    • 10
  • Nobuhito Ohte
    • 11
  • Perry S. Ong
    • 12
  • Chiao-Ping Wang
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of Forestry, Environment, and SystemsKookmin UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of ForestryKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.River Basin Research CenterGifu UniversityGifuJapan
  4. 4.Field Science Center for Northern BiosphereHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  5. 5.Center for Biodiversity Research and Extension in Mindanao (CEBREM), Central Mindanao University (CMU)MusuanPhilippines
  6. 6.Ecology Group, Department of Biology, School of Arts and SciencesNational University of MongoliaUlaanbaatarMongolia
  7. 7.Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  8. 8.Department of Biological EnvironmentAkita Prefectural UniversityAkitaJapan
  9. 9.Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)KepongMalaysia
  10. 10.Center of Water Management and Climate Change, Vietnam National UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  11. 11.Biosphere Informatics Laboratory, Department of Social InformaticsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  12. 12.Biodiversity Research Laboratory, Institute of Biology, College of ScienceUniversity of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines
  13. 13.Division of SilvicultureTaiwan Forest Research InstituteTaipeiTaiwan

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