Advertisement

Ecological Research

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 835–843 | Cite as

Difference between the transpiration rates of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) and Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) forests in a subtropical climate in Taiwan

  • Sophie Laplace
  • Hikaru Komatsu
  • Han Tseng
  • Tomonori Kume
Special Feature: Original Article Filling the Gaps

Abstract

Bamboo forests have been expanding rapidly in Asian countries for the past 50 years. Whether natural or artificial, this expansion involves the replacement of other vegetation types by bamboo, which could impact the local water cycle. Previous studies in Japan have reported that bamboo forests have higher transpiration than coniferous forests under temperate climates, but it is unknown whether this finding applies to subtropical climates. Thus, we examined whether a Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest exhibits higher transpiration in a subtropical climate. We used the sap-flux method to estimate the stand transpiration (E) of Moso bamboo and Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) forests in Taiwan. As was observed in the Japanese studies, annual E for bamboo (478 mm) was higher than that for cedar (122 mm), although we found a difference in the seasonality of E between the Taiwanese and Japanese sites. Canopy conductance (Gc) for bamboo was higher than that for cedar in Taiwan, which was reported previously for Japan. Gc for bamboo in Taiwan was comparable to that in Japan, despite a difference in the leaf area index (LAI). Gc for cedar in Taiwan was lower than that in Japan. This difference in Gc between Taiwan and Japan corresponded to differences in the sapwood area and LAI. These findings suggest a significant change in E and, therefore, the terrestrial water and carbon cycle, regardless of different climates, when Japanese cedar forests are replaced by Moso bamboo forests.

Keywords

Japanese cedar Moso bamboo Sap flow Transpiration Transpiration seasonality 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology (Grant Nos. 103-2313-B-002-009-MY3 and 100-2313-B-002-033-MY3) and partly by a Grant for Environmental Research Projects from the Sumitomo Foundation. We are grateful to the staff of the Experimental Forest, National Taiwan University, for providing samples. We thank Dr. Wei-Li Liang (National Taiwan University) for helpful comments. We also appreciate two anonymous reviewers’ helpful comments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Chen X, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Booth T, He X (2009) Changes of carbon stocks in bamboo stands in China during 100 years. For Ecol Manag 258:1489–1496. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chiu CW, Komatsu H, Katayama A, Otsuki K (2016) Scaling-up from tree to stand transpiration for a warm-temperate multi-specific broadleaved forest with a wide variation in stem diameter. J For Res 21:161–169. doi: 10.1007/s10310-016-0532-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Collatz GJ, Ball JT, Grivet C, Berry JA (1991) Physiological and environmental regulation of stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and transpiration: a model that includes a laminar boundary layer. Agric For Meteorol 54:107–136. doi: 10.1016/0168-1923(91)90002-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dierick D, Hölscher D, Schwendenmann L (2010) Water use characteristics of a bamboo species (Bambusa blumeana) in the Philippines. Agric For Meteorol 150:1568–1578. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.08.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Escalona JM, Bota J, Medrano H (2015) Distribution of leaf photosynthesis and transpiration within grapevine canopies under different drought conditions. VITIS J Grapevine Res 42:57Google Scholar
  6. Forestry Bureau of Taiwan (2015) http://www.forest.gov.tw/0002393
  7. Forrester DI (2015) Transpiration and water-use efficiency in mixed-species forests versus monocultures: effects of tree size, stand density and season. Tree Physiol 35:289–304. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpv011 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Granier A (1985) Une nouvelle méthode pour la mesure du flux de sève brute dans le tronc des arbres. Ann Sci For 42:81–88 (French) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Granier A, Biron P, Lemoine D (2000) Water balance, transpiration and canopy conductance in two beech stands. Agric For Meteorol 100:291–308. doi: 10.1016/S0168-1923(99)00151-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Helman D, Osem Y, Yakir D, Lensky IM (2017) Relationships between climate, topography, water use and productivity in two key Mediterranean forest types with different water-use strategies. Agric For Meteorol 232:319–330. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.08.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hsieh IF, Kume T, Lin MY, Cheng CH, Miki T (2016) Characteristics of soil CO2 efflux under an invasive species, Moso bamboo, in forests of central Taiwan. Trees 30:1749–1759. doi: 10.1007/s00468-016-1405-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ichihashi R, Komatsu H, Kume T, Onozawa Y, Shinohara Y, Tsuruta K, Otsuki K (2015) Stand-scale transpiration of two Moso bamboo stands with different culm densities. Ecohydrology 8:450–459. doi: 10.1002/eco.1515 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Isagi Y, Torii A (1997) Range expansion and its mechanism in a naturalized bamboo species, Phyllostachys pubescens, in Japan. J Sustain For 6:127–142. doi: 10.1300/J091v06n01_08 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. James SA, Clearwater MJ, Meinzer FC, Goldstein G (2002) Heat dissipation sensors of variable length for the measurement of sap flow in trees with deep sapwood. Tree Physiol 22:277–284CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Karlberg L, Ben-Gal A, Jansson PE, Shani U (2006) Modelling transpiration and growth in salinity-stressed tomato under different climatic conditions. Ecol Model 190:15–40. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.04.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Komatsu H, Onozawa Y, Kume T, Tsuruta K, Kumagai TO, Shinohara Y, Otsuki K (2010) Stand-scale transpiration estimates in a Moso bamboo forest: II. Comparison with coniferous forests. For Ecol Manag 260:1295–1302. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.06.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Komatsu H, Onozawa Y, Kume T, Tsuruta K, Shinohara Y, Otsuki K (2012) Canopy conductance for a Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest in western Japan. Agric For Meteorol 156:111–120. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.01.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Komatsu H, Shinohara Y, Kumagai TO, Kume T, Tsuruta K, Xiang Y, Nogata M, Ichihashi R, Tateishi M, Shimizu T, Miyazawa Y, Laplace S, Han T, Chiu CW, Ogura A, Saito T, Otsuki K (2014) A model relating transpiration for Japanese cedar and cypress plantations with stand structure. For Ecol Manag 334:301–312. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.08.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kuehl Y, Li Y, Henley G (2013) Impacts of selective harvest on the carbon sequestration potential in Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) plantations. For Trees Livelihoods 22:1–18. doi: 10.1080/14728028.2013.773652 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kumagai TO, Tateishi M, Shimizu T, Otsuki K (2008) Transpiration and canopy conductance at two slope positions in a Japanese cedar forest watershed. Agric For Meteorol 148:1444–1455. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.04.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kume T, Onozawa Y, Komatsu H, Tsuruta K, Shinohara Y, Umebayashi T, Otsuki K (2010) Stand-scale transpiration estimates in a Moso bamboo forest: (I) applicability of sap flux measurements. For Ecol Manag 260:1287–1294. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.07.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li R, Werger MJA, During HJ, Zhong ZC (1998) Biennial variation in production of new shoots in groves of the giant bamboo Phyllostachys pubescens in Sichuan, China. Plant Ecol 135:103–112. doi: 10.1023/A:1009761428401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lin MY, Hsieh IF, Lin PH, Laplace S, Ohashi M, Chen TH, Kume K (2017) Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forests as a significant carbon sink? A case study based on 4-year measurements in central Taiwan. Ecol Res. doi: 10.1007/s11284-017-1497-5 Google Scholar
  24. McNaughton KG, Black TA (1973) A study of evapotranspiration from a Douglas fir forest using the energy balance approach. Water Resour Res 9:1579–1590. doi: 10.1029/WR009i006p01579 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mei T, Fang D, Röll A, Niu F (2016) Water use patterns of four tropical bamboo species assessed with sap flux measurements. Front Plant Sci 6:1202. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01202 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Pataki DE, Oren R (2003) Species differences in stomatal control of water loss at the canopy scale in a mature bottomland deciduous forest. Adv Water Resour 26:1267–1278. doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2003.08.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ruiz P, Belcher M, Fu B, Yang X (2003) Forestry, poverty, and rural development: perspectives from the bamboo subsector. In: Hyde WF, Jintao X, Belcher B (eds) China’s forests: global lessons from market reforms: 151–176. Resources for the Future and CIFOR, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  28. Running SW (1984) Microclimate control of forest productivity: analysis by computer simulation of annual photosynthesis/transpiration balance in different environments. Agric For Meteorol 32:267–288. doi: 10.1016/0168-1923(84)90054-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Running SW, Coughlan JC (1988) A general model of forest ecosystem processes for regional applications I. Hydrologic balance, canopy gas exchange and primary production processes. Ecol Model 42:125–154. doi: 10.1016/0304-3800(88)90112-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shinohara Y, Otsuki K (2015) Comparisons of soil–water content between a Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest and an evergreen broadleaved forest in western Japan. Plant Species Biol 30:96–103. doi: 10.1111/1442-1984.12076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Song X, Zhou G, Jiang H, Yu S, Fu J, Li W, Wang W, Ma Z, Peng C (2011) Carbon sequestration by Chinese bamboo forests and their ecological benefits: assessment of potential, problems, and future challenges. Environ Rev 19:418–428. doi: 10.1139/a11-015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tseng H, Chiu CW, Laplace S, Kume T (2017) Can we assume insignificant temporal changes in spatial variations of sap flux for year-round individual tree transpiration estimates? A case study on Cryptomeria japonica in central Taiwan. Trees. 1–13. doi:  10.1007/s00468-017-1542-6
  33. Tu TC, Wang YN, Shiau EL (2003) Efficiency of carbon dioxide fixation by Phyllostachys pubescens. J Exp For Nat Taiwan Univ 17:187–194 (In Chinese) Google Scholar
  34. Wilson KB, Hanson PJ, Mulholland PJ, Baldocchi DD, Wullschleger SD (2001) A comparison of methods for determining forest evapotranspiration and its components: sap-flow, soil water budget, eddy covariance and catchment water balance. Agric For Meteorol 106:153–168. doi: 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00199-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wullschleger SD, Meinzer FC, Vertessy RA (1998) A review of whole-plant water use studies in tree. Tree Physiol 18:499–512. doi: 10.1093/treephys/18.8-9.499 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Yiping L, Yanxia L, Buckingham K, Henley G, Guomo Z (2010) Bamboo and climate change mitigation: a comparative analysis of carbon sequestration. Int Netw Bamboo Rattan 32Google Scholar
  37. Yuen JQ, Fung T, Ziegler AD (2017) Carbon stocks in bamboo ecosystems worldwide: estimates and uncertainties. For Ecol Manag 393:113–138. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.01.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang Z, Zhou J, Zhao P, Zhao X, Zhu L, Ouyang L, Ni G (2017) Validation and in situ application of a modified thermal dissipation probe for evaluating standing water use of a clumped bamboo: Bambusa chungii. Agric For Meteorol 239:15–23. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhao XH, Zhao P, Zhang ZZ, Zhu LW, Niu JF, Ni GY, Hu YT, Ouyang L (2017) Sap flow-based transpiration in Phyllostachys pubescens: applicability of the TDP methodology, age effect and rhizome role. Trees 31:765–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Experimental Forest of National Taiwan UniversityZhushan TownTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EducationKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.KyotoJapan
  4. 4.Department of GeographyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA
  5. 5.School of Forestry and Resource Conservation of National Taiwan UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan

Personalised recommendations