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Ecological Research

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 711–722 | Cite as

Effects of habitat fragmentation by damming on salmonid fishes: lessons from white-spotted charr in Japan

  • Kentaro MoritaEmail author
  • Shoko H. Morita
  • Shoichiro Yamamoto
Miyadi Award

Abstract

Dam construction has serious consequences, and one of the most serious concerns is the fragmentation of riverine ecosystems. We reviewed the influence of habitat fragmentation on white-spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis populations. First, habitat fragmentation by damming has serious consequences in terms of alternative life-history strategies. Most fish in dammed-off areas do not migrate to the sea and instead become resident forms. This loss of the anadromous form negatively affects populations through decreased spawning biomass. In addition, the smaller population sizes in dammed-off habitats can negatively affect population dynamics through demographic, environmental, and genetic stochasticity. Therefore, the population viability is reduced in small, dammed-off habitats. White-spotted charr populations also likely experience different selection pressures after damming. Many of these effects of habitat fragmentation due to damming are not immediate but rather occur gradually over several generations. Because most Japanese dams were constructed after 1970, some effects of damming may not yet be obvious.

Keywords

Isolation Anadromous PVA Extinction FA 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Yasuji Kanno, Kinya Nishimura, Hiroyuki Matsuda, and Toru Nagasawa for their support and invaluable suggestions during the study. We thank Jason Dunham for his constructive comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for a Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists B (no. 19780155) from JSPS.

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Copyright information

© The Ecological Society of Japan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kentaro Morita
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shoko H. Morita
    • 1
  • Shoichiro Yamamoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Hokkaido National Fisheries Research InstituteFisheries Research AgencyKushiroJapan
  2. 2.National Research Institute of Fisheries ScienceFisheries Research AgencyNikkoJapan

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