Oral Radiology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 2–5 | Cite as

Remodeling of the human mandible in the gonial angle region: a panoramic, radiographic, cross-sectional study

Original Article



Changes in the gonial angle in relation to age, gender, and dental status were studied.

Materials and methods

The study cohort comprised 1000 patients (500 males and 500 females) who had panoramic radiographs taken for various purposes. The patients were categorized according to age, gender, and dental status. Panoramic radiographs were traced, and gonial angles were measured using a protractor.


The gonial angle tended to increase with age in both the male and female patients. The gonial angle also increased significantly as dental status changed from completely dentulous to partially dentulous to completely edentulous.


The gonial angle increases with age and as teeth are lost.


Age Chewing side preference Dental status Gonial angle Orthopantomograph 


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujoy Ghosh
    • 1
  • Manoj Vengal
    • 2
  • Keerthilatha M. Pai
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Dental Education and ResearchAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral Medicine and RadiologyManipal College of Dental SciencesManipalIndia

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