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Towards combinational relation linking over knowledge graphs

Abstract

Given a knowledge graph and a natural language phrase, relation linking aims to find relations (predicates or properties) from the underlying knowledge graph to match the phrase. It is very useful in many applications, such as natural language question answering, personalized recommendation and text summarization. However, the previous relation linking algorithms usually produce a single relation for the input phrase and pay little attention to the more general and challenging problem, i.e., combinational relation linking that extracts a subgraph pattern to match the compound phrase (e.g. father-in-law). In this paper, we focus on the task of combinational relation linking over knowledge graphs. To resolve the problem, we define several elementary meta patterns which can be used to build any combinational relation. Then we design a systematic method based on the data-driven relation assembly technique, which is performed under the guidance of meta patterns. To enhance the system’s understanding ability, we introduce external knowledge during the linking process. Finally, extensive experiments over the real knowledge graph confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    https://wordnet.princeton.edu/

  2. 2.

    https://developer.oxforddictionaries.com/

  3. 3.

    https://www.wikipedia.org/

  4. 4.

    https://dictionary.cambridge.org/zhs/

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    http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/

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    http://dbpedia.org/ontology/

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Acknowledgements

This work was substantially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61902074), Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (Grant No. 19ZR1404900). Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Action Plan (No. 21511100401).

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Contributions

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Weiguo Zheng: Conceptualization of this study, Methodology, Writing and Editing. Mei Zhang: Methodology, Writing and Evaluation. Deqing Yang: Writing, Reviewing and Editing. Zeyang Zhang: Data Collection and Evaluation. Weidong Han: Data Collection and Evaluation.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Weiguo Zheng.

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Cite this article

Zheng, W., Zhang, M., Yang, D. et al. Towards combinational relation linking over knowledge graphs. World Wide Web (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11280-021-00951-x

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Keywords

  • Knowledge graph
  • Combinational relation linking
  • Meta pattern
  • Relation assembly