Framework for Future Telemedicine Planning and Infrastructure using 5G Technology
- 223 Downloads
Current and upcoming Information and Communication Technology solutions for quick access to the healthcare system are promising as well as very challenging. On the one hand, these solutions are providing solutions for healthcare ecosystem according to patient-specific needs and demands, but on the other hand, adoption of technology is moving through evolution and some part revolution. In consequence of continuous transition, people are not getting used to of these endless variations in technological solutions, and they have concerns that these deployed technologies will change after some period. Seeing this situation, we recommend continuous eHealth literacy is need of this transition era and development of new business models to increase involvement, motivation and revenue generation. People from medical and technical background have a different attitude for work, which can cause difficulty in solving medical related problems and adaptation of new technologies. Therefore, it is essential to involve medical experts when developing telemedicine service from technological point of view. Consequently, we recommend that there is a need to sketch a framework and plan before introducing any telemedicine service. The telemedicine services should be user- friendly and have the ability to integrate all stakeholders to pursue a system which is sustainable and acceptable for all. A framework which is proactive, open in various dimensions with flexibility, gives chances to industries for public–private partnership and practice value-based business models.
KeywordsTelemedicine eHealth ecosystem eHealth literacy 5G Framework Planning Sustainable business models
- 3.U. D. H. S. marketing public affairs and, “Telemedicine saves patients time, money” (Online). Available https://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/publish/news/newsroom/11887.
- 5.Emery, S. (2015). Telemedicine in hospitals: Issues in implementation. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- 6.Denmark—A frontrunner in telemedicine in Scandinavia (online). Available https://www.digst.dk/Servicemenu/English/News/Denmark-a-frontrunner-in-telemedicine-in-Scandinavia.
- 8.10 Critical Steps for a Successful Telemedicine Program (Online). https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:yyvF0He_Ef8J:https://www.amdtelemedicine.com/downloads/10_steps.pdf+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
- 9.Norman, C. D., & Skinner, H. A. (2006). eHealth literacy: Essential skills for consumer health in a networked world. J Med Internet Res, 8(2), 8.Google Scholar
- 10.Falcini, F., & Rinaldi, G. (2017). Medical records, eHealth and health IT: What are the key points for the organizational benefits and for the improvements of the modern local health organisations? (pp. 129–140)., New perspectives in medical records Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
- 11.Din, I. U., Xue, M. C., Abdullah, S., Ali, T. Shah, & Ilyas, A. (2017). Role of information & communication technology (ICT) and e-governance in health sector of Pakistan: A case study of Peshawar. Cogent Social Sciences, 3(1), 1308051.Google Scholar
- 12.Rick, C., & Kritek, P. B. (2014). Realizing the future of nursing: VA nurses tell their story. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- 14.Thiranant, N., & Lee, H. (2013). A design of security framework for eHealth authentication system using QR Code. Advanced Science and Technology Letters, 38, 32–35.Google Scholar
- 15.Legislative Framework for Telemedicine (Online). Available: https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:Mm8eqBF8s-QJ:https://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/366826.Stapic_Vrcek_Hajdin_Legislative_Framework_for_Telemedicine.pdf+&cd=8&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
- 16.The ultimate telemedicine guide|What is telemedicine? eVisit ® Telemedicine Solution (online). Available: https://evisit.com/what-is-telemedicine/.
- 17.Pirvu, E. B. G.-D. A., & Snyder, R. E.U. Way ahead of the game on telehealth|Lexology (online). Available: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=e1259fba-9e68-4751-9450-9dfea92d7df6.
- 19.Denmark, world leader in health IT, tests new systems with US companies, 19 February, 2014 (Online). Available https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140219005019/en/Denmark-World-Leader-Health-Tests-New-Systems.
- 20.Lawler, R. Therapy-by-text startup talkspace raises $9.5 M led by spark capital. TechCrunch.Google Scholar
- 21.London hospital pilots Apple Watch for chemo patients. MobiHealthNews, 14 May, 2015 (Online). Available http://www.mobihealthnews.com/43537/london-hospital-pilots-apple-watch-for-chemo-patients.
- 22.Public Private Partnership Programs:Best Practices (Online). Available http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:cdnLwN6tth4J:www.healthinsightforum.com/HI5%2520Presentations/pdf%2520day%25201/24Apr2015_Partnership%2520Programs%2520Across%2520Emerging%2520Markets_v4.pdf+&cd=8&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
- 23.Pharmaceutical companies and digital health startups: It’s time to get together. MobiHealthNews, 10 Februrary, 2017 (Online). Available: http://www.mobihealthnews.com/content/pharmaceutical-companies-and-digital-health-startups-it%E2%80%99s-time-get-together.
- 24.A Review of Telemedicine Business Models (PDF Download Available) (Online). Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236091643_A_Review_of_Telemedicine_Business_Models?enrichId=rgreq-7c1f9b164bd539aaa9d830207b60cd64-XXX&enrichSource=Y292ZXJQYWdlOzIzNjA5MTY0MztBUzo5OTg0MDkwMjA0MTYxMUAxNDAwODE1MzM0NTc5&el=1_x_3&_esc=publicationCoverPdf.
- 25.Building value-based healthcare business models—Health article—A.T. Kearney|Middle East—A.T. Kearney (online). Available http://www.health/ideas-insights/article/-/asset_publisher/LCcgOeS4t85g/content/building-value-based-healthcare-business-models/10192, http://www.atkearney.co.uk/health/ideas-insights/article/-/asset_publisher/LCcgOeS4t85g/content/building-value-based-healthcare-business-models/10192.
- 26.Business models for eHealth (online). Available: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:bXo-HkOH7AYJ:ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/dae/document.cfm%3Fdoc_id%3D2891+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
- 27.European Commission—PRESS RELEASES—Press release—State of the Union 2016: Commission paves the way for more and better internet connectivity for all citizens and businesses (online). Available: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-16-3009_en.htm.
- 28.Latif, S., Qadir, J., Farooq, S. & Imran, M. A. (2017). How 5G (and concomitant technologies) will revolutionize healthcare. arXiv:1708.08746 (cs).
- 29.How 5G technology enables the health internet of things (online). https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:95LOIX7Z0d8J:https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/How-5G-tech-enables-health-iot-west.pdf+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=dk.
- 30.C. D. July 31 and 2017Features. 5 industries to gain the most from 5G, IT Pro Portal (online). Available https://www.itproportal.com/features/5-industries-to-gain-the-most-from-5g/.
- 31.(HLS-EU) Consortium Health Literacy Project European et al. (2012). Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 12.Google Scholar
- 32.Wells, B. J., Chagin, K. M., Nowacki, A. S. & Kattan, M. W. (2013). Strategies for handling missing data in electronic health record derived data. EGEMS (Wash DC), 1(3), 1–3.Google Scholar
- 33.Raza, M., Le, M. H., Aslam, N., Le, C. H., Le, N. T., & Le, T. L. (2017) Telehealth Technology: Potentials, Challenges and Research Directions for Developing Countries. In 6th International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam (BME6) (pp. 523–528).Google Scholar
- 34.Ullah, M., Fiedler, M., and Wac, K. (2012) On the ambiguity of quality of service and quality of experience requirements for eHealth services (pp. 1–4).Google Scholar